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A round up of the top countryside, conservation, wildlife and forestry stories as chosen by the CJS Team.


UK takes key step towards fair new fishing policy after Brexit - Defra

The Government has announced it will withdraw from the London Fisheries Convention.

Commercial Fishing Boats in Weymouth harbour (Defra)The United Kingdom will take an historic step towards delivering a fairer deal for the UK fishing industry this week by triggering the withdrawal from an arrangement that allowed foreign countries access to UK waters, Environment Secretary Michael Gove confirmed today.

As part of moves to prepare the UK for the opportunities of leaving the European Union, the Government will officially begin withdrawal from the London Fisheries Convention.

Commercial Fishing Boats in Weymouth harbour (Defra)

The London Fisheries Convention, signed in 1964 before the UK joined the European Union, allows vessels from five European countries to fish within six and 12 nautical miles of the UK’s coastline. It sits alongside the EU Common Fisheries Policy (CFP), which allows all European vessels access between 12 and 200 nautical miles of the UK and sets quotas for how much fish each nation can catch.

On Monday the UK will notify the other Member States signed up to the London Fisheries Convention, triggering a two-year withdrawal period – in a similar way to the Article 50 letter which began a two-year withdrawal from the EU.


More Green Belt being lost without tackling housing crisis – Campaign to Protect Rural England

425,000 houses now planned for Green Belt, of which more than 70% are unaffordable

The Campaign to Protect Rural England (CPRE) today reveals a significant increase in houses planned for the Green Belt, and yet most of these houses will be unaffordable to those who need them.

Walkers in Bath’s Green Belt (CPRE)Based on local and city-regional planning policies and new data from planning consultants Glenigan, CPRE’s annual Green Belt Under Siege report shows that more than 70% of houses proposed for development are not expected to be ‘affordable’. It also demonstrates that just 16% of houses built on Green Belt land since 2009 outside local plans were classed as ‘affordable’.

Walkers in Bath’s Green Belt (CPRE)

In total, 425,000 houses are now planned for Green Belt land. This is an increase of 54% on March 2016, and the biggest year-on-year increase in building proposed in the Green Belt for two decades. Green Belt in the North West, West Midlands and South East is under particular pressure.

Furthermore, Government funds are handsomely rewarding the development of Green Belt land the Government supposedly promised to protect, but without delivering the much-needed affordable homes the funds were designed to encourage. CPRE estimates suggest that the Government’s

New Homes Bonus initiative will reward councils with £2.4 billion for the proposed 425,000 new homes.


Learning about bats on farmland thanks to National Lottery funding – GWCT

A new project that aims to improve the conservation of bats on farmland has been launched by a charity in Fordingbridge after getting the go-ahead for National Lottery funding.

Pipistrelle bat (wwwlauriecampbellcom)The Game & Wildlife Conservation Trust (GWCT) has received a grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund (HLF) worth £9,400, which will enable them to investigate agri-environment scheme habitat requirements of bats in Hampshire and Dorset.

Pipistrelle bat (wwwlauriecampbellcom)

This crucial work will be done through focused surveys on 15 farms and the findings will help to advance current knowledge of bat farmland ecology by identifying key habitats for farmland bat conservation.

Farmers, landowners and conservationists will be educated on ways in which to improve foraging habitats for bats as well as being provided with valuable information on the distribution and abundance of bats on farmland.

Bat populations declined significantly in the UK during the 20th century due to roosting and foraging habitat loss, these declines were in part caused by agricultural intensification.

Bat roosts in Britain are protected under legislation, but foraging sites are unprotected making them susceptible to land use changes.

But the GWCT strives to establish exactly which habitats on arable land are attractive to bats today and promote these habitats to farmers to aid bat conservation. 


Beetles on the Brink - BIAZA

The Deep launched a company and community-wide initiative to grow tansy plants in a bid to save a true Yorkshire gem.

The tansy beetle is an endangered species throughout its global range, with the largest population found along the banks of the River Ouse in Yorkshire. The Deep and other members of the Tansy Beetle Action Group (TBAG) are working with BugLife, an invertebrate conservation charity, to manage protected areas for this species and expand their range by planting more Tansy plants.

Tansy Beetle (BIAZA)Tansy Beetle (BIAZA)

Nicknamed the ‘Yorkshire Gem’ due to its stunning metallic green colour, this beetle is now a UK Biodiversity Action Plan (UKBAP) species, which means that government bodies have a duty to protect it. The tansy beetle is dependent on the tansy plant for survival, using it both as a food source and an egg laying site. It is only able walk a maximum of 200 metres and if a clump disappears, it can be a perilous journey for this flightless beetle to move from plant to plant.

Volunteers from the Environment Agency, the University of Hull Horticultural Department and staff from The Deep and The Deep’s Business Centre have kindly committed a windowsill, conservatory or greenhouse to raising these plants. Now nearly 400 have been successfully grown. These plants are currently being cared for by The Deep’s husbandry department until they are ready to be planted out later in the month.


National Meadows Day was on Saturday 1 July.

CJS In-DepthOur featured charity this year is Plantlife.

Wild flowers, plants and fungi play a fundamental role for wildlife, and their colour and character light up our landscapes. But without our help, this priceless natural heritage is in danger of being lost.

Plantlife is the organisation that speaks up for our wild plants, lichens and fungi. From the open space of our nature reserves to the corridors of government, we’re here to raise their profile, celebrate their beauty and to protect their future. Join us in enjoying the very best that nature has to offer.

Find out about Plantlife and read their articles here


New snorkel trail launched in North Harris – Scottish Wildlife Trust

A new snorkel trail has been created in North Harris to help visitors and local people experience life below the waves.

The North Harris Snorkel Trail showcases six stunning beaches and bays where beginner and advanced snorkellers can see an impressive Plumose anemones © Paul Tylervariety of marine life including crabs, jellyfish and starfish.

Plumose anemones © Paul Tyler

The self-led trail has been developed in partnership with the North Harris Trust as part of the Scottish Wildlife Trust’s Living Seas programme.

It is supported by the Esmée Fairbairn Foundation and the National Marine Aquarium, and has been inspired by the North West Highlands Snorkel Trail, which was launched by the Scottish Wildlife Trust in 2016.

North Harris Trust Ranger Daryll Brown said: “Every year we have an increasing number of people visiting Harris to see our abundant wildlife and this new snorkel trail is an exciting way to help create an even richer experience.

The trail is designed to show off our diverse range of marine life and habitats. I hope visitors and locals alike will explore the trail, have fun and be inspired to learn more about issues facing our marine ecosystems.”


Greening the city – a measurement for a mindful environment - University of Bradford

Scientists at the University of Bradford have developed the world's first Tranquillity Rating Prediction Tool (TRAPT), a scientific process for measuring how relaxing urban environments and public spaces are.

In a new paper published in the Urban Forests and Urban Greening journal, lead researcher Professor Greg Watts believes that the tool could help planners, architects and environmentalists to understand what the impact of ‘greening’ measures like introducing trees, hedges or additional vegetation could have on urban spaces. It is hoped that in time the tool could allow users to optimise green spaces as part of the property development process, all before a spade hits the ground or to rejuvenate run-down suburbs and town centres.
Studies have illustrated a clear link between tranquil environments and stress reduction, well-being and pain relief. While quiet, green spaces promote relaxation, litter, graffiti and road noise all have the potential to reduce it. Introducing vegetation into an environment to soften it - a process called ‘greening’ - is one way to improve tranquillity, but until now architects and planners have had to make assumptions as to the impact this will have.

Read the paper here: Watts, G. (2017) The effects of “greening” urban areas on the perceptions of tranquillity. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2017.05.010


The Mystery of the Yellow Fish – Surrey Wildlife Trust

Striking yellow fish stickers have been appearing on pavements in Surrey this week as part of a new campaign to raise awareness about pollution in the county’s waterways.

Children from St Martin’s C of E Primary School in Dorking helped fix the stickers on kerbs next to surface water drains in the Meadowbank area, which feed directly into the nearby Pipp Brook.

Image: Surrey Wildlife TrustThe ‘Yellow Fish’ initiative is a Surrey Wildlife Trust project, funded by the Environment Agency. The Trust is working with schools, businesses and community groups in the Dorking area to spread the word about the importance of good water quality for wildlife.

Image: Surrey Wildlife Trust

“The Yellow Fish campaign aims to highlight to people just how close their drains are to rivers, streams and ponds and to encourage them to think twice about pouring toxic things away,” said Glen Skelton, Surrey Wildlife Trust’s Wetlands Officer. “Even tiny quantities of some chemicals such as petrol or paint can have a huge effect on wildlife. When invertebrates in rivers or streams are impacted, there’s often a knock on effect for fish and bird populations. So look out for the yellow fish symbol in your local area and please remember – only rain down the drain!”


The Holkham Estate to manage the Holkham National Nature Reserve after receiving ‘Approved Body Status’ from Natural England - Holkham Estate

Natural England announced today (Monday 3 July) that one of the UK’s leading rural estates, the privately-owned, Holkham Estate, has been awarded Approved Body Status under Section 35 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act. This will make Holkham one of a select few privately owned estates in England to hold this status and follows a lengthy application process. This special status will enable the estate to manage the Holkham National Nature Reserve, which has until now been managed by Natural England.

National Nature Reserves (NNRs) include some of the best examples of England’s wildlife and geology. There are 224 National Nature Reserves in England covering 94,000 hectares. Natural England manages 143 of the National Nature Reserves on its own, or jointly with others, and the remainder are managed by Approved Bodies. Section 35 1(c) of the Wildlife & Countryside Act 1981 empowers Natural England to approve other organisations, known as Approved Bodies, to manage National Nature Reserves. The reserves were established under the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949, which specified that they were for “preserving flora, fauna or geological or physiographical features of special interest in the area and/or for providing opportunities for the study of, and research into, those features.” The Natural Environment & Rural Communities Act 2006 extended the role of NNRs to include the provision of opportunities for public enjoyment of nature and/or open-air recreation.


New app created to engage new audiences with wildlife conservation – People’s Trust for Endangered Species

A new Mammals on Roads app for iOS9 and above, and Android 7, has been created to enable sightings of Britain’s mammals to be recorded on the move, allowing wildlife charity People’s Trust for Endangered Species (PTES) to identify changes in population numbers and help conservation.

The app is free, easy to use, and boasts charming graphics of a whole host of mammals, from hedgehogs and hares, to badgers and bats. There are also informative audio descriptions, providing useful background information and insights into the lives of these creatures.

David Wembridge, Surveys Officer at PTES explains: “Data gathered from Mammals on Roads is vital to conservation work. The survey has been running for over 15 years, which allows us to compare data year on year, and identify where we need to focus our conservation efforts.”

The new app is part of PTES’ Mammals on Roads survey, which takes place annually between July and September. To take part, members of the public are asked to record sightings of Britain’s mammals – dead or alive – during car journeys of 20 miles or more on a single day, outside of built up areas – perfect for summer road trips or family holidays!


Wildlife project is great for young people’s health – Lancashire NHS Trust

Wildlife project is great for young people’s health

Young people in Lancashire can get involved in an exciting project that will boost their mental health and physical wellbeing whilst improving green spaces in the local community.

Myplace is an exciting and innovative collaboration between Lancashire Care NHS Foundation Trust and The Lancashire Wildlife Trust and is funded by close to £1m in Big Lottery Funding that is administered by the national ‘Our Bright Future’ campaign for young people.

The Myplace project encourages young people aged 13 – 24 years old to explore the environment by offering opportunities to participate in eco-therapy based activities where they can develop new skills, increase their self-esteem, build resilience and improve their own self-confidence. By getting involved in activities outdoors young people can reduce their stress levels, prevent mental health problems and improve their concentration and mood.

Sue Moore, Chief Operating Officer at Lancashire Care NHS Foundation Trust said: "There is evidence to suggest that getting outdoors has a positive impact on mental health and physical wellbeing and the Myplace project is all about embracing that. We really want to give young people the opportunity to connect with each other and their local environments to explore the outdoor elements of childhood that are often missed out on. This partnership is extremely special and I'm really looking forward to watching it develop."


It’s not easy being green – London Assembly

image: London AessemblyLondon’s parks and green spaces face an uncertain future due to limited funds.

The capital’s green spaces provide environmental, physical, mental, social and economic benefits for Londoners.

Image: London Assembly

The Mayor has committed to improving access to green space – in his election manifesto he pledged to make more than 50 per cent of the city green and to ensure that all children have access to nature.

The London Assembly Environment Committee launches the report, ‘Park life: ensuring green spaces remain a hit with Londoners’ today (Tuesday 4 July) which looks at what measures should be taken to protect and improve the capital’s green spaces.

Read the report here


Updated standard for forest management – Forestry Commission

The governments of the UK have today published their updated standard for sustainable forest management.

The UK Forestry Standard (UKFS) - the reference standard for forest management in the UK - sets out requirements and details the conditions that must be met when felling trees, carrying out woodland operations, and receiving grants.

It applies to all woodland, irrespective of who owns or manages it.

The Standard ensures that international agreements and conventions on areas such as sustainable forest management, climate change, biodiversity and the protection of water resources are robustly applied across the UK.


Government approval secured for employer led and designed Arborist Apprenticeship standard – Arboricultural Association

Industry leaders congratulated on launch of employer led and designed Apprenticeship standards

With Government approval secured for the new Trailblazer Apprenticeship standards for arboriculture, forestry, horticulture and landscaping, those employers involved in the initiative are being congratulated on their success. Businesses from across the four sectors have developed a suite of new apprenticeships that meet the needs of today’s and tomorrow’s arboriculture, forestry, horticulture and landscape sectors.

Since the start of the project in 2015 more than 40 employers, 8 industry bodies and 18 training and assessment organisations have successfully worked together under the leadership of Richard Trippett of Bartlett Tree Experts, Geraint Richards of the Duchy of Cornwall and Neil Huck of Ground Control to develop the standards for the Arborist, Forest Operative, and Horticulture/Landscape Operative apprenticeships. In addition, a new standard for Horticulture and Landscape Supervisor has been approved and their assessment plans and training specifications are being developed.


£600,000 boost for rare wildlife on Orkney – RSPB

RSPB Scotland gives thanks to funders, supporters and local community

Some of the UK’s rarest wildlife has been given a big boost, it was announced today, thanks to funding from Coastal Communities Fund, Orkney LEADER and Highlands and Islands Enterprise, for an ambitious project on one of Orkney’s islands.

Curlew (image: Steve Round)The project, led by RSPB Scotland, aims to start a wildlife-friendly farming operation on Egilsay to increase numbers of rare and threatened species such as corncrakes, curlews, lapwings and great yellow bumblebees.

Curlew (image: Steve Round)

Along with helping improve the way the land is managed to better support wildlife on RSPB Scotland’s Onziebust reserve, the project will provide a training programme to enhance skills in wildlife-friendly land management throughout the county. It will create four new job opportunities and a residential volunteering scheme on the island. In addition, through improved access, interpretation and a range of public events, it will raise awareness of the importance of Egilsay for wildlife and contribute to the hugely important wildlife tourism sector in Orkney.

Sarah Sankey, RSPB Scotland’s Orkney Manager, said: “We are really grateful for all the funding and support we have received for this ambitious project. Starting a wildlife-friendly farming operation at Onziebust on Egilsay will help to safeguard the future of rare and threatened wildlife such as corncrakes, curlews, lapwings and great yellow bumblebees. But we are also excited about the unique opportunities the project will provide for local people to learn, volunteer and experience wildlife on Egilsay including enhancing their skills in areas such as wildlife-friendly land management and wildlife recording through the training programme. We hope that the project will help to raise awareness of the importance of Egilsay and all of Orkney for wildlife and contribute to the hugely important wildlife tourism sector. We look forward to working with groups and individuals across the county in the coming months”.

Orkney is also an incredibly important home for breeding waders, including curlews, redshanks, lapwings, oystercatchers and snipe. Despite accounting for less than 0.5% of the UK’s land area, Orkney is home to more than 10% of the breeding population of some species.


Badger vaccination resumes - Berks, Bucks & Oxon Wildlife Trust

Three Wildlife Trusts, including the Berks, Bucks & Oxon Wildlife Trust (BBOWT), have resumed the vaccination of badgers against bovine tuberculosis (bTB), one year after vaccine supplies dried up.

A new supply of vaccine has been obtained by BBOWT, Derbyshire Wildlife Trust and Nottinghamshire Wildlife Trust following several months negotiating supplies and obtaining permission from the Veterinary Medicines Directorate to import the InterVax TB vaccine.  Badger released after vaccination. (image: Tom Marshall)BBOWT set up a Mammal Project in April 2014 to vaccinate badgers on key BBOWT nature reserves. Several BBOWT staff trained with the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) to be able to carry out badger vaccinations in a safe and humane way.

Badger released after vaccination. (image: Tom Marshall)

BBOWT’s badger vaccination programme resumed this week and will continue through the remainder of the vaccination season, which runs until November. Badgers will be trapped and vaccinated in a 15km2 project area around the nature reserve at Greenham Common in West Berkshire, before the team moves to nature reserves in west Oxfordshire. Find out more about BBOWT's badger vaccination programme.

Defra is committed to securing vaccine for badger vaccination programmes in 2018 and Trusts will be discussing this renewed support this summer.  More about badger vaccination. The Wildlife Trusts are firmly opposed to the badger cull.

In December 2015, the World Health Organization announced that there was a global shortage of TB vaccine for humans. This meant that The Wildlife Trusts had to suspend their badger vaccination programmes during 2016.

Derbyshire Wildlife Trust has been carrying out the badger vaccination programme across Derbyshire since 2014, working with farmers and landowners. Nottinghamshire Wildlife Trust will begin vaccinating badgers on a large area on the Nottinghamshire/Leicestershire border imminently. Vaccination will continue until autumn and will build on previous work which began in 2015 to build TB immunity in Nottinghamshire’s badgers.


Bringing an ancient landscape back to life – London Wildlife Trust

London Wildlife Trust receives £699,000 from National Lottery players to revive the Great North Wood

Throughout the Middle Ages, across a large swathe of south London, an ancient wooded landscape provided timber, charcoal and firewood for the capital, and a home to wildlife and nature.

Sydenham Hill Wood (credit Daniel Greenwood)The Great North Wood once covered the high ground between Deptford and Selhurst, and while much has been lost to urban development over the last century or so, echoes of the Wood still exist as a series of small woodlands, parks, cemeteries, sports grounds, railway embankments, and even back gardens. Sydenham Hill Wood (credit Daniel Greenwood)

Although these sites no longer form one continuous natural habitat as they once did, all of them still provide a home for London’s wildlife.

Now falling under the ownership and control of many different landowners and managers, the Great North Wood is subject to a variety of modern pressures such as overuse, fly-tipping and inconsistent management – but the Trust is determined to ensure that this special Living Landscape* is recognised and valued, before it is lost forever.  Over four years the Trust will work with volunteers, community groups, landowners, and local councils, in a collaborative project reviving and reimagining the Great North Wood as a home for nature and people – in a modern urban landscape. It will raise awareness of this largely forgotten woodland, encouraging people to explore, enjoy and value the natural wealth on their doorsteps.

With strong community involvement, this project will focus on resident woodland species such as woodpeckers, purple hairstreak butterflies, stag beetles, oak and hornbeam trees; with surveying, guided walks, and family activities such as minibeast hunts and teddy bear picnics. Conservation work will also enhance ancient woodland areas and help people discover them.

The Great North Wood project is only possible thanks to support from National Lottery players through a £699,000 grant from Heritage Lottery Fund (HLF), with further support from the Mayor of London, Veolia Environmental Trust, the Dulwich Estate, and Dulwich Society. London Wildlife Trust will be working closely with borough councils in Bromley, Croydon, Lambeth, Lewisham, and Southwark, throughout its duration.


New survey reveals the mysterious creatures living in your garden – RSPB

The RSPB is calling on people to get outside this summer to uncover the mysterious creatures that are living in their back gardens by taking part in the Wild Challenge. 

Latest wildlife survey shows that hedgehog, foxes and moles were among the most common creatures seen in gardens across the UK last year.  Other species such as slow worm, grass snake, stag beetle and great crested newt were seen by a lucky few.

A new survey has revealed that hedgehogs, foxes and moles are among the most common creatures that are making their homes in back gardens across the UK, with the RSPB calling on people to get outside this summer to uncover the mysterious creatures that are living in their outdoor spaces.  

Results from the survey of more than 139,000 UK gardens revealed that hedgehogs had been seen in over 60 per cent. Worryingly, one-quarter of gardens didn’t record a sighting of the spiny mammal throughout the whole of last year. This pattern was apparent across all four countries, with the figure rising to around 30 per cent in Scotland and Northern Ireland.

Moles spend most of their lives alone, either digging extensive networks of tunnels or hunting for food only occasionally coming to the surface. Unsurprisingly these elusive creatures escaped the gaze of the majority of participants, with close to half not recording a sighting of one or one of their more familiar mole hills. Great crested newts followed a similar pattern with the secretive reptile being spotted in only five per cent of lucky gardens.  

Foxes were the most common visitor to gardens across the UK with one being recorded in 70 per cent of gardens, while other creatures like slow worm, grass snake and stag beetle were seen by far less. 

Daniel Hayhow, RSPB Conservation Scientists, said: “Often the wildlife we see in our garden is the first experience we have with nature – whether it’s a robin perched on the fence or a hedgehog snuffling around looking for its next meal. Unfortunately, the sights and sounds of wildlife that was once common to us are sadly becoming more mysterious to people. 

“There are simple things we can all do to make our gardens perfect of wildlife. From creating a feeding station for birds or hedgehogs to digging a small pond to help amphibians, these easy activities can help turn your garden into a wildlife haven.” 

To learn more about the RSPB Wild Challenge and to see how you can take your firsts steps on your own wildlife adventure, visit www.rspb.org.uk/wildchallenge  


Transport Investment Strategy for England shows no sign of prioritising cycling and walking - Sustrans

Today (Wednesday 5 July) the Government announced its new Transport Investment Strategy for England.

Responding to the announcement Jason Torrance, our Policy Director said: “Whilst balancing investment between strategic and local roads is welcome, the Transport Investment Strategy for England shows no sign of the UK Government prioritising everyday travel choices and increasing levels of cycling and walking, leaving Local Authorities to pick up the mantel of improving air quality, health and congestion with alternatives to car travel.”


Mystery of birds’ movements at sea solved - RSPB
New research reveals unprecedented insights into where British and Irish breeding seabirds go when they’re not on land, providing critical information to inform future management of UK seas post-Brexit

The five year project GPS-tracked over 1300 breeding seabirds of four species from a number of colonies in Britain and Ireland allowing conservationists to predict where seabirds from all of the region’s colonies go to find food

The new maps will be used to assess potential impacts from offshore wind farms, pollution and other human activities on breeding seabirds, helping to protect these threatened species

Experts have used GPS-tracking and computer models on an unprecedented scale to map where British and Irish breeding seabirds go to feed, revealing unique insights into the distribution of these enigmatic species.   
New research, published in a leading science and conservation journal Ecological Applications, used five years of seabird GPS tracking data and powerful computer modelling methods to estimate the areas of sea used by four of Britain and Ireland’s breeding seabird species. This has enabled scientists to predict, for the first time on a national scale, where birds go at sea when they leave their nests on land to find food. 
This comes as UK administrations are considering the creation of protected sites at sea to safeguard key seabird feeding areas, as well as planning future fisheries policy for UK territorial seas once outside of the EU's Common Fisheries Policy. These new findings will provide critical information to inform future management of the marine environment post-Brexit. 


NFU joins call to put rural issues on government agenda – NFU

Government needs to focus on developing rural-proofed policies both now andimage: NFU post-Brexit, according to leading rural campaign groups including the NFU.

Image: NFU

The Rural Coalition has organised a parliamentary reception to launch its 2017 Rural Coalition Statement on Thursday. It is letting government know that it is available as a sounding board for government policy.

Above all, its members want a Brexit deal and domestic policy agenda that works for rural communities.

NFU Deputy President Minette Batters, who will be attending the event, has highlighted the importance of a government which works for both farmers and growers and their rural communities. She said: “The strength of the Rural Coalition is that it brings together key rural partners where we have common goals to promote more effective rural policy and where we can act to share good practice.”


Scientific publications

Shwartz, A. et al (2017) Scaling up from protected areas in England: The value of establishing large conservation areas. Biological Conservation. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2017.06.016

Narango, D. L. Tallamy, W. W. & Marra, P. P. (2017) Native plants improve breeding and foraging habitat for an insectivorous bird. Biological Conservation. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2017.06.029


Whytock, R. C. et al (2017) Bird community responses to habitat creation in a long-term, large-scale natural experiment. Conservation Biology. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12983


Nichols, P., McCallum, A. & Lucke, T. (2017) Using Ground Penetrating Radar to Locate and Categorise Tree Roots Under Urban Pavements. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2017.06.019


Wilkes, R. et al (2017) Intertidal seagrass in Ireland: Pressures, WFD status and an assessment of trace element contamination in intertidal habitats using Zostera noltei. Ecological Indicators. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.06.036


Mitchell, R. J. et al (2017) Forty years of change in Scottish grassland vegetation: Increased richness, decreased diversity and increased dominance. Biological Conservation. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2017.06.027


Kortmann, M. et al (2017) Beauty and the beast: how a bat utilizes forests shaped by outbreaks of an insect pest. Animal Conservation. DOI: 10.1111/acv.12359


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