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A round up of the top countryside, conservation, wildlife and forestry stories as chosen by the CJS Team.


National Parks are England's nature hotspots – National Parks England

A new assessment by National Parks England has found that England’s ten National Parks are among the very best places in the country for wildlife, providing much-needed homes for many of our most rare and threatened plants and animals.

Statistics compiled by National Parks England show that while the National Parks cover less than 10% of England’s area, they contain much higher proportions of the most wildlife-rich habitats such as heaths, fens and ancient woodlands. Up to 80% of some habitats that have been identified as national priorities for conservation are within the National Parks.

It is not surprising, then, that National Parks are havens for our native plants and animals3. 87% of conservation priority butterfly species and 80% of priority orchid species can be found in England’s National Parks. Dedicated management and reintroduction projects are helping special species such as the fen raft spider, the freshwater pearl mussel and the barn owl to thrive and increase their range.

Secretary of State for the Environment, Rt Hon Liz Truss MP, said:  "Our National Parks are some of the UK’s most beautiful natural environments which we want everyone to enjoy. They are home to our native plants and spectacular wildlife, from the stunning orchids in the South Downs to the ospreys that return each year to breed in the Lake District. They boost our rural economies with visitors spending £4bn each year and bring together local communities helping the countryside and its businesses to thrive."

Read the assessment here 


Rare fish returns to South Yorkshire – Environment Agency

Sea lamprey found in River Don

A rare and protected fish has been caught in the River Don for the first time in recent history as water quality in the region’s rivers continues to improve.

Two sea lamprey were caught during an Environment Agency fish survey on the River Don at Crimpsall, Doncaster.

Lampreys are an ancient group of eel-like jawless fish that have lived on earth largely unchanged for 300 million years – appearing about 70 million years before the first dinosaur.

The young live in rivers before migrating to the sea. At sea, they use their suction-cup like mouths to attach themselves to the skin of fish, rasping away tissue with their sharp probing tongues and teeth. Adult sea lamprey return to rivers to spawn.

These fish are a good indication of the high quality of the river water. Breeding populations occur in North Yorkshire and scientists are currently trying to track down their spawning grounds.


RSPB-led study reveals extent of upland burning across Britain - RSPB

A new study led by the RSPB Centre for Conservation Science has revealed the extent of moorland burning across Britain’s upland areas. Burning on moorlands, a mixture of bog and heath habitats, is widely used to increase the numbers of red grouse that are available for recreational shooting. 

Burning was detected in 55 per cent of Special Areas of Conservation (SACs) and 63 per cent of Special Protection Areas (SPAs) assessed in the study, and significantly more burning took place within them than on comparable moorlands outside. These sites are designated under EU legislation for their conservation importance, and governments are charged with protecting them from damage and ensuring that they are restored to the best condition. However, many SACs and SPAs are in unfavourable condition, with burning identified by governments and statutory agencies as a primary reason for this poor status.

Dr David Douglas, Senior Conservation Scientist at RSPB Scotland and lead author of the study said: “Upland ecosystems are highly sensitive to burning practices. Knowing how much burning takes place and where is crucial to developing sustainable land management policies for these precious environments.”

Read the paper here. Douglas, D. J. T. et al (2015) Vegetation burning for game management in the UK uplands is increasing and overlaps spatially with soil carbon and protected areas. Biological Conservation. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2015.06.014


Rutland Osprey Project soars to new heights as 100th chick fledges – The Wildlife Trusts

The Rutland Osprey Project celebrated a major milestone this week, when the 100th osprey chick to fledge from a nest in the Rutland Water area took to the air for the first time.

Osprey chick preparing for first flight cpt Leicestershire & Rutland Wildlife Trust

Osprey chick preparing for first flight cpt Leicestershire & Rutland Wildlife Trust

The eight-week-old Osprey is one of 15 chicks to have flown from eight nests in a record-breaking summer for the project.  The fledging of the 100th chick is the latest landmark for a project that has successfully restored a population of these magnificent birds of prey to the skies of central England for the first time in over 150 years.  

Having been extinct in England since the mid-1800s, 64 six-week-old Scottish ospreys were released at the reservoir in England’s smallest county between 1996 and 2001 in a partnership between reservoir owners, Anglian Water, and the Leicestershire and Rutland Wildlife Trust.

The first translocated Osprey returned to breed at its adopted home in 2001and the number of breeding pairs has gradually increased since then. Rutland Water Nature Reserve Manager, Tim Appleton, said: “Our long-term aim was to restore a self-sustaining population of ospreys to central England, and the fact that the 100th chick has fledged shows that it is working well. Several of this year’s breeding birds are second or third generation Rutland ospreys which proves that we now have a well-established population.” 


Bees and ants to flourish while the cuckoo flounders – Natural England

Climate change research reveals species most at risk.

Wasps, bees, ants and southern species including Dartford warbler and emperor dragonfly are likely to benefit from climate change in England. Further north and in the uplands, breeding birds such as curlew and our much-loved cuckoo, damp-loving mosses and liverworts will be put at great risk by rising temperatures, according to new research out today.

The report, which assesses the risks and opportunities for species in England as a result of climate change, has been published by Natural England in partnership with the British Trust for Ornithology, University of York, the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology and the RSPB.

Cuckoo, Tom Lee, Natural EnglandDescribing the potential shift in distribution of over 3,000 plants and animals that may occur in England in response to climate change, it’s the largest and most comprehensive assessment of its kind ever undertaken in this country. Looking at where suitable climatic conditions for different species are likely to be found in 2080, given a 2°C increase in average global temperature, over a quarter (27%) of species were at high to medium risk of losing a substantial proportion of their currently suitable ranges. Although just over half (54%) could potentially expand their ranges, this is not likely to be possible in many cases because of limited mobility or a lack of suitable habitats.


Cuckoo © Tom Lee via Natural England

A more detailed study of 400 species included information on population trends and took into account other factors that are known to make species more vulnerable to climate change, such as agricultural intensification or restriction to small, localised populations. This analysis found that the proportion of wildlife at risk from climate change was slightly higher at 35%, with 42% likely to have opportunities to expand. When looking at 155 species currently listed as being of high conservation concern, 38% were identified as being at risk, with 39% potentially benefiting from a changing climate, suggesting climate change may pose the greatest threat to species already threatened by other factors.

The results reflect the fact that there are more southerly-distributed species than northern species living in England, giving greater scope for southerners to flourish from climate warming. As a result, those at greatest risk are species which are of high conservation concern, often found in upland habitats, such as twite, golden plover and mountain crowberry. Other wildlife expected to suffer include seabirds such as the kittiwake, and some lowland species such as lapwing, rare spring sedge, orange ladybird and the triangle hammock spider. In contrast, further population increases are likely for birds such as avocet and the little egret. Other expected beneficiaries include the large wainscot and white line dart moths.


Controlling the cost of renewable energy - DECC

Renewable energy subsidies revised to ensure consumers are protected from higher energy bills.

Measures to deal with a projected over-allocation of renewable energy subsidies have been announced today.

Reducing energy bills for hard working British families and businesses and meeting climate goals in the most cost effective way are Government priorities. The measures set out today will provide better control over spending and ensure bill payers get the best possible deal as we continue to move to a low-carbon economy.

Announcing the changes to bring costs under control, Energy and Climate Change Secretary Amber Rudd said: “My priorities are clear. We need to keep bills as low as possible for hardworking families and businesses while reducing our emissions in the most cost-effective way. Our support has driven down the cost of renewable energy significantly. As costs continue to fall it becomes easier for parts of the renewables industry to survive without subsidies. We’re taking action to protect consumers, whilst protecting existing investment”.

Financial support for renewable technologies primarily comes in the form of subsidies which are paid for via energy bills. The total amount of subsidies available is capped via a mechanism called the Levy Control Framework (LCF).

Reactions: Controlling the cost of renewable energy  from DECC

We need a convincing low-carbon energy plan from the Government - CPRE

The Government's entire green subsidies narrative is nonsense – Friends of the Earth


Rare spider spotted at RSPB Scotland Loch Lomond is first record in twenty years - RSPB

A rare spider which hasn’t been found in Scotland in 20 years, has been spotted at RSPB Scotland Loch Lomond.

The great otter spider (Pirata piscatorious) was last recorded in Scotland in 1994 in an area near Crianlarich. Found mostly in wet and boggy areas, the species is thought to have declined in recent decades, particularly in the east of Britain, though it is also probably under-recorded.

RSPB Scotland assistant warden, Becky Austin, said: “We were down at our dragonfly pools running a training course, when I saw this spider just sitting on the surface of the water. It wasn’t something I recognised, and it looked unusual, with this really interesting velvety appearance. We snapped a couple of pictures and sent them off to one of our spider experts, who came back with the exciting news about how rare it was. I think it really shows just how important this site continues to be for wildlife in this part of Scotland, with the variety of habitats and niches available suiting many different species. It's also so interesting for us to be working in a place where there’s always a chance of finding things that we’ve never seen before.”

The record comes after the discovery of an equally rare beetle on the reserve last year, the wonderfully named horsetail sloth weevil, and other recent sightings including spotted crake, a migratory bird with a British population thought to be fewer than 200. 

Chris Cathrine, the South West Scotland area organiser for the British Arachnological Society Spider Recording Scheme, said: ''This is a fantastic find! As spiders are generally under-recorded in Scotland, you can make really interesting discoveries in your local area or even at home.  I'd encourage people to send their records to the Spider Recording Scheme.”


Owners urged to follow new dog walking code – Natural Resources Wales

As we enjoy sunny days and long, light, evenings, dog owners are being encouraged to follow a new dog walking code.

The new guide, facilitated by Natural Resources Wales (NRW) with input from a wide range of partners across the UK, gives practical advice for dog owners on how to make the most of their walks.

The Dog Walking Code – the first time such a document has been produced - will be available on-line, at a variety of visitor information sites in Wales and at the Royal Welsh Show in Builth Wells this week.

Rhian Jardine, Head of Sustainable Communities for NRW, added: “Dogs love to get out and play - half of all the visits people make to the outdoors in the UK are with dogs. This helps people get out and about so their dog is helping to keep people healthy and to enjoy the local area. And evidence shows that people are happier if they spend some leisure time outdoors in a pleasant environment. This simple, ten-point guide aims to influence how owners manage their dogs, showing respect and sensitivity towards the places they visit and to others who share the space with them.”

NRW has developed this general advice for dog walkers in partnership with a range of other organisations, each representing specific sectors. Natural England, Kennel Club, Forestry Commission, National Farmers’ Union, NFU Cymru, Ramblers, Ramblers Cymru, National Trust, Country Land and Business Association, Hampshire County Council, The British Horse Society and the British Mountaineering Council have all helped draft the Code. This cross-sector partnership has helped produce guidance that is both fair and accessible to dog owners. 


We should all have a right to beauty – Woodland Trust

People in woodland. Photograph WTPL via Woodland TrustToday we are pleased to support the publication of 'A Community Right to Beauty', a new report by think tank ResPublica.

The report's headline finding is that only householders earning at least £45,000 a year have full access to beauty, being able to live in areas with attractive buildings and green spaces with woods and trees.

People in woodland. Photograph WTPL via Woodland Trust

However, 81% of those surveyed by Mori for the report think that everyone should be able to access beauty regularly and, overwhelmingly, respondents said that they found beauty in the natural environment.

Beccy Speight, Woodland Trust CEO, said: “It’s unsurprising that the natural environment is top of the list when people are asked what they consider beauty to encompass. However, vitally, this report highlights peoples’ belief that access to beauty is a right, not a luxury. Along with the evidence of the benefits access to beauty brings, for example that even the sight of trees can reduce commuter stress, or that more attractive streets would encourage more people to get out walking, it’s clear that our green and pleasant land should not be taken for granted. We have long pushed for policy makers to look to increase access to nature and green space, whether that’s by creating more woods close to people, or by including trees in plans for new development. Not only would this make a huge difference to many peoples’ lives, it’s vital for the health and prosperity of the nation.” 

Download the publication from the ResPublica website


Oyster herpesvirus-1 microvariant disease outbreak confirmed in Essex - Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science

Oyster herpesvirus-1 microvariant (OsHV-1 µvar) has been confirmed in a shellfish fishery in the River Roach, Essex

An outbreak of Oyster herpesvirus-1 microvariant (OsHV-1 µvar) has been confirmed in Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) in the River Roach, Essex.

There are no implications for human health: the virus only affects Pacific oysters.

OsHV-1 µvar is a virulent viral disease affecting the Pacific oyster, also known as the rock or cupped oyster. This is the only species of shellfish that is currently known to be susceptible to this virus.

The virus is notifiable under the Aquatic Animal Health (England & Wales) Regulations 2009. Where notifiable diseases are suspected or confirmed disease control measures are applied in the form of a designation notice to movements of live and dead aquatic animals, (including their eggs and/or gametes) and to certain site activities. The purpose of the movement controls is to restrict the spread of the disease to other parts of the coast.


Record number of parks achieve the Green Flag Award

Green Flag AwardToday (23 July), the Green Flag Award scheme has unveiled this year's Award winners - the mark of a quality park or green space.

In total, 1582 parks, cemeteries, universities, shopping centres and community gardens in the UK have met the high standard needed to receive the Green Flag Award or the Green Flag Community Award.

Green Flag Award

The Green Flag Award scheme is also extending internationally, including  Holland, Australia and New Zealand. For the first time this year, three parks in the United Arab Emirate of Abu Dhabi have achieved their Green Flag Award. The award was also piloted this year in the Republic of Ireland by An Taisce. 

The Green Flag Awards are judged by an army of more than 700 green space experts, who volunteer their time to visit applicant sites and assess them against eight strict criteria, including horticultural standards, cleanliness, sustainability and community involvement. 

International Green Flag Award scheme manager Paul Todd said: "We are delighted to be celebrating another record-breaking year for the Green Flag Award scheme. All the flags flying this year are a testament to the efforts of the thousands of men and women, both staff and volunteers, who work tirelessly to maintain the high standards demanded by the Green Flag Award."


HS2 Select Committee recommends tunnel extension that would save three ancient woods – Woodland Trust

Mantle's Wood, Buckinghamshire. Photograph by Paul Glendell via Woodland TrustFollowing evidence heard over the previous two weeks in relation to options for further Chilterns tunnelling on HS2 Phase 1, Mr Robert Syms MP, Chair of the High Speed Rail Bill Select Committee, has made a statement. In it, the Committee concludes that not enough evidence has been heard to make the case for a long tunnel through the Chilterns but a further option to extend an existing proposal for a bored tunnel to South Heath Green may be possible.

If confirmed, such an extension at South Heath Green would save three ancient woods – Mantle’s Wood, Sibley’s Coppice and Farthings Wood in Buckinghamshire. 

Mantle's Wood, Buckinghamshire. Photograph by Paul Glendell via Woodland Trust

These woods are part of the Chilterns Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB), which provides habitat for the rare stag beetle, red kites, butterflies such as the orange tip and speckled wood as well as bluebells. Without the extension, 6.2 hectares of ancient woodland would be lost at Mantle’s Wood alone  – the largest single loss on the whole route - with additional losses at Sibley’s Coppice and Farthings Wood adding up to a further 3 hectares. Overall, this tunnel extension could save approximately 9.2 hectares (equivalent to approximately 25 football pitches) of the 44 hectares threatened by Phase 1.

The Committee has asked HS2 Ltd to carry out further work to assess this option which, if considered "satisfactory", would lead to confirmation that these three woods are safe.

The Woodland Trust’s current estimate is that another 94 ancient woods will suffer loss or damage due to Phase 1 and 2 of HS2 combined.


Rare floating water plant at risk – Canal & River Trust

Volunteers are being invited to support a vital ecological project across the Rochdale and Huddersfield Canals in a bid to protect the increasingly rare Floating Water Plantain, Luronium natans.

Floating water-plantain via Canal & River TrustFloating water-plantain via Canal & River Trust

Native only to Europe, its populations are thought to be in steady decline since the turn of the century as many of its natural habitats have been lost or lacked management.

Canals in the north west of the UK are now one of its remaining strongholds after it spread along the canal system during the 19th century. Both the Rochdale and Huddersfield Narrow Canals are designated as Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) due to their varied plant populations. The Rochdale Canal is also designated a Special Area of Conservation due to the presence of Floating Water Plantain.

We are now on the search for volunteers to help carry out ecological surveys of the canals, including identifying invasive species, mapping reed fringes and areas of shading and discharge surveys to monitor water quality.

Peter Birch, national environment manager added: “Manmade canals now provide one of the few areas where we can maintain the conditions for plants like this to thrive and to support a whole range of wildlife. One of the main threats to Floating Water Plantain is competition by invasive species which compete with our native species for light, space and nutrients so it’s vitally important we eradicate them from the sites before they kill at risk species such as Floating Water Plantain.”

The survey will run throughout August and is part of a wider project to link isolated populations of plant species to create habitats more resilient to environmental change, removing invasive and non-native plant species and improving water quality.


Spring 2015 Monitoring Report Published – Red Squirrels Northern England

We've just released our spring 2015 monitoring report. Firstly, a massive thank you to all our volunteers for your efforts…we have once again completed our programme of squirrel surveys across northern England. 290 sites surveyed by 148 people in 13 weeks. Huge! We cannot understate what a gigantic team effort this has been once more. 
Red squirrels were detected in 43.7% of all surveys (127 out of 290), which is a good result, although slightly disappointing compared to the massive 53.6% in 2014. In contrast detection of greys increased from 38.4% in 2014 to 46.5% (135 out of 290) this year.
We predicted this before the programme started, so the good result for greys is not at all unexpected. Many of you will be able to testify that greys are abundant this year, and I hope you agree that the survey results do reflect the actual picture. 

A second mild winter, and an incredible natural food crop, particularly of beech and hazel, has led to extremely favourable conditions for greys. In this context, it is a great result that red detection only dropped slightly. No doubt this is down to the hard work of so many people involved in red squirrel conservation, removing grey squirrels, and creating the space for reds. Without such intervention, greys gain the competitive edge to the detriment of red populations, as has been the pattern for so many years. 
Read the full report on our website by clicking here (pdf)


England Natural Environment Idicators Defra  

England natural environment indicators - Defra

This publication covers the indicators developed to assess progress against the Natural Environment White Paper, published in 2011 under the 2010 to 2015 Coalition Government.

Download England Natural Environment Indicators 2015 (PDF, 3.1MB, 63 pages)


Don’t undermine the laws that protect nature, say nearly half a million Europeans - Wildlife Trust

Calls to defend nature beat the record for responses to European public consultations

Don’t undermine or wreck the laws protecting nature.  That’s the clear and powerful message to the President of the European Commission and his Commissioners from the majority of nearly half a million people  across Europe (with around one in five of those coming from the UK) who have so far responded to the consultation on the future of two of Europe’s nature laws: the Birds and Habitats Directives.

As the three-month consultation draws to a close at midnight on Sunday, conservation and wildlife groups across Europe are delighted with the level of public support which has exceeded all previous consultations on any other European law.

In Europe, four environmental networks, comprising WWF Europe, BirdLife International, the European Environmental Bureau and Friends of the Earth Europe, came together in May launching the Nature Alert campaign  in response to the EU Commission’s suggestion to evaluate whether the existing EU nature laws should be changed.

In the UK, 100 organisations came together under the Joint Links  umbrella: Wildlife and Countryside Link, Scottish Environment Link, Northern Ireland Environment Link and Wales Environment Link to collect and submit evidence in support of these vital laws.

Geneviève Pons, Director of WWF European Policy Office said on behalf on the Nature Alert NGO coalition: “At a time when the European Union is severely tested, the overwhelming support from all corners of the continent for Europe’s nature laws demonstrates that people can get together and defend what really matters to them.  Europeans care about their nature, and the Union’s laws that protect it. Now, it is time for the Commission to listen to the evidence and draw up a plan for nature protection based on more funding and stronger law enforcement.”

Dr Elaine King, Director at Wildlife and Countryside Link, said: “Threats to the laws that defend nature across the European Union have been met with a truly staggering response from the public.  This shows how much people care about nature and its future. Wildlife groups across Europe have campaigned on the potential threats to nature from reforming these pivotal laws, and Europe’s citizens have heeded the call and responded.  The European Commission must listen to what the public has said.”


Combatting climate change: a vital safety net for families and businesses - DECC

Energy and Climate Change Secretary Amber Rudd sets out why action on climate change matters to households and the economy.

In her first major speech as Energy and Climate Change Secretary, Amber Rudd today (24/7/15) set out the Government’s commitment to tackling climate change while keeping bills down in order to deliver lasting economic security for hardworking families and businesses.

She said that the Government’s approach will help to protect the economy because failing to act would risk leading to lower growth, fewer jobs and higher prices. She added that this approach will see action taken in a way that keeps consumer bills down and encourages businesses to innovate, grow and create employment, so it does not come at the expense of prosperity today.

Read the full speech


IUCN’s bumblebee campaign – what’s all the buzz about? - IUCN

bumblebee (creative commons, via IUCN)There’s been a lot of buzz recently around IUCN. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ has launched a new campaign – this time to benefit bumblebees. In Europe, there are 68 species of bumblebee, of which a whopping 24% are threatened with extinction. This is alarming as bumblebees are critical in protecting our food security through the pollination of crops such as tomatoes, peppers, and other fruits and vegetables.

bumblebee (creative commons, via IUCN)

The IUCN Red List is the key to understanding the status and trends of bumblebees, identifying those species that are threatened with extinction so that appropriate conservation action can be taken. While we have a fairly good idea of the situation of bumblebees in Europe, our global knowledge of their conservation status is still patchy, and of 250 species of bumblebees globally, more than 200 still require assessments.

To move forward with these important assessments, the IUCN Red List is aiming to raise $25,000. Funds will be used to mobilize experts to gather data on the status and trends of bumblebees worldwide, creating a database that informs and then fuels conservation action. It will also help IUCN to reach its overall goal of assessing 160,000 species worldwide by 2020.


Neonics emergency use application approved - NFU

The NFU has secured the emergency use of neonicotinoid seed treatments providing much needed protection from the pest cabbage stem flea beetle for five per cent of the oilseed rape crop in England amounting to around 30,000ha.

The products which farmers will be able to have access to are Modesto (Bayer) and Cruiser OSR (Syngenta). The emergency use has been granted for 120 days. Discussions on the logistics of distributing the seed are underway.

NFU Vice President Guy Smith said: “The NFU has worked relentlessly to submit a robust application and we’re glad to finally see a positive result. However, we know that this isn’t enough – flea beetle threat is widespread problem on a national scale and the extremely limited nature of this authorisation is unfortunately not going to help the vast majority of farmers in need of the protection. 

dead bee, buglifeReactions

Pesticide approval strikes blow for bees - Buglife 

Buglife are outraged at the news that the Government will be allowing the planting of oilseed rape seeds, treated with bee-killing neonicotinoid insecticides this autumn. These toxic chemicals not only kill our essential pollinators such as bumblebees and honeybees, but also useful insects, such as ladybirds, which help keep crop pest numbers down.

Paul Hetherington, Buglife’s Fundraising and Communications Director said “Although the Government has only allowed these chemicals to be used on 5% of land grown for oilseed rape, it shows a blatant disregard for our wildlife and the rules that we have in place to protect the environment”.

Earlier in the year, the National Farmers Union had initially put in an application for neonic-treated oilseed rape seeds to be grown this year but on a larger scale, a request which was subsequently dismissed by the Government’s own Expert Committee on Pesticides (ECP). 


Update on the Government’s decision to allow the use of banned neonicotinoid seed treatments - Bumblebee Conservation Trust

The Bumblebee Conservation Trust is disappointed to learn that the Government has agreed to allow farmers to plant oilseed rape seeds treated with the currently banned neonicotinoid pesticides this autumn, albeit on only 5% of the total OSR area.


Scientific publications 

Galla, E. A. et al (2015) Implementation of a new index to assess intertidal seaweed communities as bioindicators for the European Water Framework Directory. Ecological Indicators. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.06.035


Siddiga, A. H., Ellison, A. M., Ochs, A., Villar-Leeman, C. & Lau, A. K. (2015) Review: How do ecologists select and use indicator species to monitor ecological change? Insights from 14 years of publication in Ecological Indicators. Ecological Indicators. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.06.036


Laidlaw, Rebecca A., Smart, Jennifer, Smart, Mark A. & Gill, Jennifer A.  The influence of landscape features on nest predation rates of grassland-breeding waders. Ibis

DOI:  10.1111/ibi.12293


One for the rewilders: Milanesi, P., Caniglia, R., Fabbri, E., Galaverni, M., Meriggi, A. & Randi, E.  Non-invasive genetic sampling to predict wolf distribution and habitat suitability in the Northern Italian Apennines: implications for livestock depredation risk European Journal of Wildlife Research  DOI: 10.1007/s10344-015-0942-4


Nanxiang Jin, Simon Klein, Fabian Leimig, Gabriela Bischoff and Randolf Menzel The neonicotinoid clothianidin interferes with navigation of the solitary bee Osmia cornuta in a laboratory test.  Journal of Experimental Biology  doi: 10.1242/​jeb.123612


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