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Getting Started




General Guidelines


One of the questions we get asked most frequently is: ďI think Iíd like to work in the countryside Ė do you have a job for me?Ē 

The first time you hear that you think, ďHow do I answer that?  Where do I begin?Ē   We have far too much information to present it all here and for you still to be awake by the time you get to the end.  So here is a general  reply.  If it doesnít answer your specific query please contact us and weíll do our best to point you in the right direction.


The countryside is a large place with an enormous variety of jobs, everything from tree surgeons to rights of way officers by way of wildlife officers not to mention rangers.  We recommend that people take a little while to think about exactly what it is they want to do and about how they want to spend their days.  Is a job outside in all weathers really the right one for you?  Do you have the patience to spend days counting plants or birds or to cope with several classes of small children asking the same questions over and again?  Would you get vertigo hanging from ropes at the top of a very tall tree?  Can you walk long distances over rough ground carrying a heavy pack?  A good way to find out what sorts of jobs there are within the countryside sector is to look at the job adverts, most of which have a brief description of what youíll be doing and this gives you a rough idea of what the job entails.  It is often much better to eliminate jobs you donít want than to look at the ones you quite fancy this way youíll reduce the range and focus your efforts much more effectively.  Donít be afraid to have a look at job descriptions on employer's websites this gives you greater details than in the advert; however, please donít send for application packs for jobs for which you have no intention of applying and for small charities youíre using hard earned funds.  If youíre still confused then have a look at CJS Focus, this is a periodic publication each edition looking at a different area of the sector with articles from people working Ďon the groundí highlighting specific issues.

Once youíve worked out roughly which sector seems most suitable then a good way to Ďtry before you buyí is to volunteer, we know this is not possible for everyone but even if itís only for a couple of days youíll get an idea.  By being a volunteer or shadowing someone you get to see the real job, not the pretty version presented in job adverts Ė recruiters are trying to attract applicants and do talk up the good stuff tending to bypass the not so favourable aspects.   Spending time with someone doing the job gives you the opportunity to ask questions (but not too many - remember youíre there to help, not hinder) and maybe ask a few of yourself too.  If you discover itís not for you then donít worry, a few volunteer days donít tie you to a career for life.


There are many ways to volunteer, join a work party for a practical day, take part in a survey, go on a residential holiday or sign up for a longer term placement.  Have a look at the organisations offering volunteer opportunities and also read the Focus on Volunteering published every February.


This works whether youíre just starting to think about your future career, newly graduated or looking to change your life.  If it is the latter then think about what skills you already possess and can offer a countryside employer and maybe be prepared to try for a job which is not your perfect post but one for which youíre suitable with a countryside employer and then youíll be better positioned to move sideways.


Now you know what job / area you want, how do you get started?. 

Look at the adverts, read them carefully.  Ask yourself the two cardinal questions:

Is it the job for me? 

Do I have the qualities the employer is seeking? 

If you answer Ďyesí to both look at the contact details; most adverts will detail where to obtain further information Ė follow this exactly, the easiest is usually to look online.  Read the job description and person specification and if you can still answer Ďyesí then itís time to put pen to paper (or fingers to keyboard).  Person Specifications often detail the perfect employee and employers hope for someone to Ďtickí all the boxes but they are realistic enough to know itís unlikely to find a 100% match.  So if you match the essential qualities and many of the desirable aspects then itís probably worth applying.


Your Application

Now comes the really hard bit, writing your application.  If itís online then either print out a blank copy or jot down the questions, this allows you to work on your responses.  Name and address should be quite easy but those bigger more vague boxes really deserve your full attention this is where you get the chance to outline exactly why youíre the person theyíve been waiting for.  Read the question, think about the job description and then draft a reply.  Read it back to yourself, does it really do you justice, cover the points raised and give the recruiter the information they really need?  Only when youíre absolutely positive itís right should you fill it in, if itís an online form then itís worth typing your answer in Word to spell check it (in English UK not US) and proof the text.  I regularly type fro instead of for and of course the spell check recognises it as a correct word but it makes complete nonsense, not a good impression on an application.  If itís a paper application then check the instructions; for example, does the ink colour matter?  If you can photocopy the blank application and make sure you can put all you want to say in the boxes whilst keeping it legible.  Once your application is complete save or print out a copy of an online application or take a photocopy of a paper application.  Then send it and keep your fingers crossed.  Itís helpful to keep your copy of the application, the information received and the original advert together so that if youíre lucky enough to be shortlisted for interview you have all the information together and donít need to phone us for a duplicate of the advert (youíd be surprised how many people do).



Itís something everyone hates doing Ė writing your CV, but it really is worth putting in the effort.  This is your Ďshop windowí a place to demonstrate all your achievements and outline why you are the person the recruiter has been searching for.  A well crafted CV can make the difference between getting an interview or not.  Start out with a general document which you can then update and adjust as required.


Itís best to tailor your general document to the specific post making sure you highlight the areas mentioned in the job description and leave out other areas which although they may seem important to you simply take up space and donít really add anything to your application.


A few general guidelines: A CV should be clearly laid out with bold headings and ideally be no more than two sides of A4.

Donít include graphics or photos (unless requested). 

Donít go overboard on bold and italics.

Use a clear font, sans serif (like arial) is good, especially if your CV is to be submitted electronically and donít be tempted to drop the point size just to fit more in Ė remember quality not quantity.

Donít title it CV, use your name instead.  Likewise for electronic submission save it as your name and perhaps the date if you have lots of different versions (make sure you send the right one!)

Useful headings are:

Contact Details

Personal statement / professional profile or career profile



Employment History

Hobbies and Interests



Contact Details

Name, address, phone numbers (mobile and a land line), your email address all clearly and sensibly laid out.


Personal Statement

Your personal statement is the place to really stand out but keep it relevant an employer doesnít need to know your whole life history.  Ideally a Personal Statement is 5-10 lines and usually reads better in the third person. Mention a little about who you are and how you see yourself progressing the future.

e.g. ďFred is a popular effective ranger with a special talent for problem solving.  Having been in an assistant post for 3 years Fred feels ready to take on the challenge of overseeing a small ranger team.Ē


Professional Profile / Career Statement

This can be included in your personal statement or can be a separate section, again no more than 10 lines ideally.

Here you outline what you have already achieved and where you would like your career to go in the future.  Itís important that this section is tailored to the job for which youíre applying.  Itís no good saying how you would like to manage a nature reserve if youíre applying to the education team.



Keep to the main relevant qualifications, usually in reverse order, so the most recent first.  Itís helpful to split your qualifications into academic and practical / professional.   You can mention other qualifications not strictly relevant for the post but demonstrating your personality in the hobbies and interests section.



This section can be one of the hardest, working out which areas of your past history to include and which to leave out.  For new graduates with no or only a little experience it can be even more difficult but donít be tempted to pad it out to make it look good, be honest.  Itís important to be able to prove your claims.  A week long course on survey techniques does not qualify you to claim you have lots of experience.  If you have been on the course or completed a term as a volunteer keep records of when, where and what you did especially if the course is not certified.


Employment History

Like qualifications usually listed in reverse order.  Include a little more detail in the areas of your employment record which are relevant to the post.   Donít leave gaps in the history.  If you have been out of work emphasise what youíve done with the time Ė brushed up on skills, added a new qualification etc.  If youíve had long term sick leave or taken time out to care for relatives or children include it and the basic details eg dates.  Any irregularities will set the employer wondering and might just push you into the ĎNoí pile.


Hobbies and Interests

This is the place to outline your off duty activities and interests.  It is often the most revealing part and can be the area which pushes your application from the maybe into the yes or no piles.  Use it to your advantage to demonstrate a well-rounded personality and highlight skills which may be useful in your new role.  If youíve held a position of responsibility in a team or organisation (which you should already have mentioned) that shows you can organise and get things done which is only to be expected, however, if youíve blogged about it mention it here that shows your IT connections go beyond work skills.



Usually the last on your CV.  You can include full contact details for your referees or simply their name and organisation stating that references will be provided upon request.  Itís worth mentioning why they are your referees, eg a character reference from a voluntary group youíve previously assisted or a work reference from your current employer. For new graduates include your college tutor or someone who oversaw a project / thesis etc.  Donít include family even if youíve worked for them.  Donít include copies of already written references with your CV unless specifically requested by the employer.


As with job applications check your spelling and grammar.  Get a friend to read it Ė they know what youíre trying to say but they may read it completely differently from how you intended!


Like all industries, ours has its jargon and buzzwords, ensure you know them and that you understand exactly what each TLA1 means but limit their use to where itís essential.

(1 look it up)


Finally Ė Be Careful.

The internet never forgets!  So it might worth cleaning up your Facebook profile and checking your tweets.  If you refer back to your blog make sure it is suitable for potential employers.  In 2011 recruitment agencies admitted they regularly check Facebook profiles.  So google yourself and see what come up in the first few results.

On the plus side this can be an appendix to your application showing off all of those things for which there was no space.

LinkedIn is a good way to make contact with people already in the field, get your name known so that when the application is seen an employer might already have some knowledge of you.  Likewise interact with groups, staff and whole organisations across the social media spectrum.



Finally the letter arrives inviting you to interview.

Read it carefully and if required acknowledge receipt confirming your attendance.  Then get out your copy of your application re-read it and the job description to re-familiarise yourself with what the job entails.  Check where the interview will be held, itís no good going to the reserve if the interview is at headquarters.  Ensure you know how to get there, it sounds basic but itís important.  If youíre travelling by public transport check timetables.  If youíre driving check parking arrangements, if the site has a car park phone reception to ensure there will spaces available on the day.

If you donít already know then now is the time for some background reseach into the job, is it a newly funded post, are you taking over from a current employee.  Look at the organisation, not just your department, and at how your role will fit into the whole company structure.  Think about questions youíre likely to be asked and although you donít want to sound over-rehearsed practise your answers and practice out loud something that sounds sensible in your head might sound wrong when you come to say the words and itís better to do that at home rather than stumble in an interview.

An interviewer will often ask if you have any questions for them, prepare a couple in advance.  The first one should always be to enquire if there is ďanything you would like me to clarify or explain in more detail?Ē  Interviewers are human too and may have a page of scribbled notes that need more detail.  You can demonstrate your research here by enquiring, for example, how your role might interact with another project within the organisation.


The day arrives.

Dress smartly and appropriately and that isnít simply ruling out fancy dress!  If youíre getting a guided tour of the site take your waterproofs and boots with you.  Take copies of your CV, references and application as well as a notebook and pen showing that youíre organised and taking the interview seriously.

Arrive ten minutes early.  If youíre held up do phone to explain; interviewers understand about unforeseen events outside our control and will make allowances as long as you tell them.  Donít arrive in a flap with a flurry of excuses.

Greet everyone with a smile and, if appropriate, a handshake.  First impressions do matter.

If you stumble over an answer take a deep breath, apologise and ask if you can start again.

If youíre changing jobs be honest about the reasons but donít be negative about your current employer or your colleagues it reflects badly on you not them and will make an interviewer think twice about you.

Remain calm and composed.

At the end of the interview donít bolt for the door, but thank the interviewers for the opportunity and re-iterate your interest in the role.


Fingers crossed you get the job but if youíre unlucky most organisations, not all, will give you feed back if you request it.  Before you phone, think over the interview and ask for constructive feedback such as what the interviewer thought you could improve donít just ask ďWhy didnít you give me the job?Ē, phrase your questions carefully remember you may be back for a different post.


A few guidelines to help you make the right impression:

1. Donít phone or email if it says write.

2. If they ask for a SAE make sure you use the right size envelope with the correct postage.

3. Donít send your CV unless itís requested.

4. If there is a contact for informal discussion think about your questions before you pick up the phone.

5. If you phone for further details make sure you leave a clear concise message detailing exactly which post, giving any reference numbers, spell out any unusual words in your address and your post code too, you want the package to reach you and not Fred down the road.  Itís helpful if you leave a contact number then if there are any questions the employer can contact you for clarification.

6. Email addresses, many people have a quirky address which makes perfect sense to them but may not be easy for everyone else and your potential employer may think twice about taking on someone with the address fluffybunnies@emailbox

7. This is an application for your perfect job not a text to a friend, so keep it formal.


In November 2018 CJS produced a Focus on Employability, read the great articles covering everything from networking to interview techniques:

Why a hands-on approach to training could benefit your career, Lantra

Job Search Networking with the Countryside Management Association, CMA

Our Bright Future: a stepping stone to employment for young people

Transferable skills as a boost to employment, Merseyside Biobank

Tips of the bright green trade - how to maximise your career chances, Groundwork

A focus on writing 'for free', New Nature

Interview Skills, Contract Ecology Ltd

Making the leap into self-employment, Ecology on Demand


In September 2019 CJS produced a Focus on Countryside Management which carried a few articles about how to get in to the sector

The perfect Countryside Ranger applicant - is there one? SCRA

Applicant vs employer - the difference of opinion

How did you get into that? Questions Rangers get asked, National Trust


Published in October 2019 on the in depth section:


logo: BCP CouncilConservation - an accessible industry?

By Brian Heppenstall, Senior Ranger, Hengistbury Head

Brian discusses some of the hurdles to paid employment in the conservation sector and investigates why these are in place and how they can be overcome with the use of better practical experience, course provision, clearer careers advice along with job descriptions and employer expectations.


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