Plants that can “bounce back” after disturbances like ploughing, flooding or drought are the most likely to be “invasive” if they’re moved to new parts of the world, scientists say.
Invasive plants cause harm to people, industry, livestock, wildlife and natural ecosystems worldwide – but predicting which plants could become invasive is very difficult.
A team of scientists from across Europe, led by the University of Exeter, developed and analysed a global database of plant life cycles to tackle this puzzle.
“What we found was a real surprise,” said senior author Professor Dave Hodgson, from the University of Exeter. “Invasive plant populations grow fast in their invaded range, but not in their native range. So you can’t use population growth to predict invasiveness. However, invasive plant species have an amazing ability to bounce back from disturbances, and we can see this in both their native range and their invaded range. Based on this finding, we should avoid the export of plant species that grow well in disturbed environments.”
PhD student and ecological consultant Kim Jelbert, lead author of the paper, said: “The kinds of species that bounce back from disturbance tend to be species that produce lots of seeds from large flowers.
“This is a real problem, because large flowers are popular with gardeners all over the world. These species should not be traded internationally.”
Access the paper: Jelbert, K. et al (2019) Demographic amplification is a predictor of invasiveness among plants (open access) Nature Communications volume 10, Article number: 5602 (2019)