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A round up of the top countryside, conservation, wildlife and forestry stories as chosen by the CJS Team.


Vibrant new parks set to benefit communities with government funding - Ministry of Housing, Communities & Local Government

Thousands of people are set to benefit from new pocket parks or the revival of rundown green spaces as Communities Secretary Robert Jenrick launched a £1.35 million fund today (27 October 2019).

Championing the crucial role parks and green spaces play at the heart of our communities, Mr Jenrick opened bidding for the pocket parks programme, which helps support communities to transform unloved, neglected or derelict urban spaces into new green spaces.

Community groups can now bid for new parks or reimagined spaces that will be used for everything from children’s play areas, to vegetable patches and community events, benefiting the mental and physical health of people who use them.

Funded projects will be led by community groups, in partnership with local authorities, to refurbish parks and encourage community activities. Those wanting to develop new parks can bid for up to £15,000. While up to £25,000 is available for plans to refurbish existing parks.

Parks Minister Lord Younger said: "Parks and green spaces are a key asset in towns and cities up and down the country and provide great value to our communities. The pocket parks programme has seen great success in supporting community-led groups to take over neglected and derelict spaces for the whole community to use. Our ambition is to extend its transformative effect with a further round of the pocket parks programme and ensure parks and green spaces remain at the heart of our communities. It is now for community-led organisations to take the lead and encourage everyone to apply." 

In addition to the pocket parks programme, the government has:

  • awarded £9.7 million of new funding to local authorities giving them the resources they need to better maintain, protect and increase their recreational spaces
  • awarded over a million pounds to the National Trust and The National Lottery Heritage Fund’s Future Parks Accelerator initiative to test new and innovative approaches to managing and funding parks
  • extended the Green Flag Award licence by a further five years meaning the people behind Britain’s best parks and green spaces will continue to be recognised and awarded for their tireless dedication
  • Alongside these crucial actions, the government will continue to work with the Parks Action Group, which represents leaders from across the parks sector and provide support and funding for community empowerment programmes, professional development for the parks workforce and alternative park management models to ensure our parks are fit for the 21st century.

Read the prospectus and find out how to apply for the funds: Pocket Parks: helping communities transform unloved, neglected or derelict areas into new green spaces


Local Government Association:  Responding to the Government’s Pocket Parks programme which provides £1.35 million funding for green spaces, Cllr Gerald Vernon-Jackson, Chair of the Local Government Association’s Culture, Tourism and Sport Board, said: ”The LGA has long made the case for the importance of green and outdoor spaces for people’s health and wellbeing. In the face of the current childhood obesity epidemic, green spaces are a key resource which are enjoyed by people of all ages across the country, and sit at the heart of local communities. However, it is important that councils can maintain their core leisure and green spaces so our residents can keep active, host community events, and enjoy top-quality, safe, children’s play areas, all of which benefit the mental and physical health of people who use them.  It is therefore important that the Government provides long-term, sustainable funding so they can continue to provide excellent services for their residents, including green spaces.”  


Climate change is affecting the way Europe floods, experts warn - University of Glasgow 

Climate change is disrupting the rhythms of spring growing and river flooding across Europe, which could pose new problems for biodiversity and food security in floodplains, scientists say.

New analysis of five decades of European flood and temperature data, published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters, demonstrates for the first time an increasing overlap between the onset of spring and the highest points of seasonal flooding.


Dr Thorsten Balke, of the University of Glasgow’s School of Geographical and Earth Sciences, is the paper’s lead author.  Dr Balke said: “Previous research has shown that climate-change-driven mismatches between the changing of the seasons and the biorhythms of wildlife is having a direct impact on ecosystems across Europe.  The question we set out to answer for the first time was whether a similar crossover was happening with seasonal floods, and quite clearly the answer is yes. The changes we’re seeing are actually quite drastic – there’s a clear pattern of flooding occurring more regularly in the growing season. That raises a lot of questions about the effect that might have on the European landscape."

Access the paper: Balke, T., & Nilsson, C. ( 2019). Increasing synchrony of annual river- flood peaks and growing season in Europe. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 10446– 10453.  doi: 10.1029/2019GL084612


ZSL London Zoo pledges 100,000 subsidised tickets to ensure accessible for all - ZSL  

ZSL London Zoo is pledging 100,000 subsidised tickets to ensure the Zoo is accessible to all – helping people who currently face barriers to visiting, the opportunity to connect with wildlife.

Along with the subsidised tickets, the Zoo will be looking at other ways to improve accessibility, making sure a day out at ZSL London Zoo is accessible to people with all needs and abilities. The Community Access Scheme is being delivered in conjunction with the Snowdon Aviary restoration project supported by National Lottery players through £4.5m funding from The National Lottery Heritage Fund.

The Zoo will also be working with local people and specialist organisations to hear from visitors first-hand on how to make positive changes to ensure every visitor has a wonderful day out.

Charities, community-interest companies and groups working with older people, people with additional needs and disabilities and low-income families in Camden and Westminster will be able to apply for an allocation of tickets for their members from today (Friday 25 October) until 2023.

Kathryn England, Chief Operating Officer at ZSL London Zoo said: “Everybody should have the chance to experience the unique learning opportunity Zoos have to offer, getting up-close with animals, and feeling that little bit closer to the natural world. Through our local Community Access Scheme supported by The National Lottery Heritage Fund – we’ve realised there’s several underrepresented groups in society that currently feel unable to come to the zoo because of a number of barriers, but we want to change that."


Myriad of litter collected from fish pass - Environment Agency

The extent of littering was evident when an Environment Agency officer undertook some essential clearance of a fish pass this week.

Some of the rubbish found in the River Skerne, including a rubber duck and plastic containers (image: Environment Agency)Some of the rubbish found in the River Skerne, including a rubber duck and plastic containers (image: Environment Agency) 

Our officer found a diverse selection of litter and debris at at South Park on the River Skerne, south of Darlington.

Not only is litter damaging to the river but also to the fish that live and pass through the waters.

The items retrieved during the hour-long clear up included:

  • 67 single use plastic bottles
  • two oven trays
  • a flip-flop
  • a fridge door, and
  • a rubber duck

Paul Frear, Fisheries Technical Officer for the Environment Agency, said: "The North East is proud to have a number of beautiful rivers that provide a great natural resource for people, groups and wildlife. It was disappointing to find the pieces of debris and litter as each piece is a potential obstruction for the fish that live in our rivers. We would urge people to use public litter bins provided or to take their rubbish away with them and dispatch the content at home. "

Over the past two years other unusual items that have been found in rivers across the region include traffic cones, a deflated space hopper and a deck chair. 


Announcement of review of RSPB policy on gamebird shooting - Martin Harper, RSPB’s Global Conservation Director's blog on RSPB Community

At today’s [26 October] AGM, the Chair of RSPB Council, Kevin Cox, made the announcement (click through to read)

Martin says: "I shall say more on this subject in due course.  But if you do have any immediate reaction, please do get in touch as it would be great to hear your views."

Response: BASC urges RSPB to acknowledge shooting’s benefits during review - British Association for Shooting and Conservation

The RSPB announced at its AGM at the weekend that it would be examining its policy on game bird shooting and associated land management.

The review could take up to a year and the organisation has said it will consider the views of stakeholders. 

Caroline Bedell, BASC’s executive director of conservation, said “We have already made contact with the RSPB to ask how we can feed into this review. While there will be fears from some quarters within shooting that this review could lead to the RSPB creating a hard-line anti-shooting policy, BASC believes that the RSPB will in fact conduct the review in the manner expected of an evidence-based organisation"


Pioneering Study Maps Ocean Areas in Need of Preservation - Stony Brook University (The State University of New York)

A first-of-its-kind global marine mapping study provides a roadmap on where to place Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in accordance with United Nations goals for environmental preservation.

The study, conducted by a multidisciplinary team of researchers examined 10 diverse and internationally recognized maps depicting global marine priority areas. The findings, published in Frontiers in Marine Science, may serve as a roadmap for the goal set by the United Nations to create 10 percent of the ocean as marine protected areas (MPAs) by 2020.

There are numerous ongoing United Nations and nongovernmental initiatives to map globally important marine areas. Such areas may be identified because of their high biodiversity, threatened or vulnerable species, or relatively natural state. Criteria used for mapping vary by initiative, resulting in differences in areas identified as important. This paper is the first to overlay mapping initiatives, quantify consensus, and conduct gap analyses at the global scale.

The analysis found that 55% of the ocean has been identified as important by at least one of the mapping initiatives (58% of this area is within national jurisdiction and 42% is in the high seas). More than 14% of the ocean was identified as important by between two and four maps, and a gap analysis showed that nearly 90% of this area is currently unprotected. The largest of these important but unprotected areas were located in the Caribbean Sea, Madagascar and the southern tip of Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Coral Triangle region. Nearly all area identified by five or more maps is already protected as reported by the World Database on Protected Areas. Most (three quarters) nations protect less than 10 percent of the identified priority areas within their exclusive economic zones (EEZs).

Access the paper: Gownaris Natasha J., Santora Christine M., Davis John B., Pikitch Ellen K.  Gaps in Protection of Important Ocean Areas: A Spatial Meta-Analysis of Ten Global Mapping Initiatives.  Frontiers in Marine Science (2019) DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00650


Landmark Environment Bill moves forwards - Defra

Environment Bill passes second reading by MPs unopposed and will now progress to Committee stage.

The Government’s landmark Environment Bill to tackle the biggest environmental priorities of our time has moved a step closer to becoming law following its second reading by MPs (Monday 28 October).

After the debate, the Bill now progress to the Committee stage for further scrutiny and onto the next stages of the Parliamentary process for becoming law.

The transformative Environment Bill, introduced to Parliament two weeks ago, will help ensure that we maintain and improve our environmental protections as we leave the EU.

The Bill will build on the UK’s strong track record and sets out a comprehensive and world-leading vision to allow future generations to prosper. Environmental principles will be enshrined in law and measures will be introduced to improve air and water quality, tackle plastic pollution and restore habitats so plants and wildlife can thrive.

Legislation will also create legally-binding environmental improvement targets. A new independent Office for Environmental Protection will be established to scrutinise environmental policy and law, investigate complaints and take enforcement action against public authorities, if necessary, to uphold our environmental standards.

The office’s remit will include all climate change legislation, enabling the office to hold the government to account on its commitment to reach net zero emissions by 2050. By also championing nature-based solutions, the Bill demonstrates our commitment to tackle climate change.


Councils introduce PSPOs to protect moorland, wildlife and property - Oldham Council

Oldham and Tameside Councils have banned fires and barbecues on the moors above the local authorities.

Two Public Spaces Protections Orders (PSPOs) will be put in place from Friday to protect huge swathes of land – and wildlife – following a number of devastating fires over the last few years.

The orders come into force in time for the Bonfire period – traditionally one of the busiest times for the emergency services due to the number of fires and fireworks being set off.

We've introduced the orders following a consultation. We asked residents and interested parties and stakeholders, such as Unirted Utilities (UU) and the RSPB, for their views on the PSPOs and a large majority supported the proposals.

From November 1 anyone found lighting a fire, barbecue, or other objects such as fireworks and sky lanterns, will be given a fixed penalty notice of £100, or face prosecution.

Failure to pay any fixed penalty amount could also lead to prosecution.

There are exemptions for private residential areas but any land that has a public right of way or public access is included in the PSPOs.

Signage will now be put in place around the designated area to advertise the PSPOs, which are in place for three years.

Councillor Arooj Shah, Deputy Leader of Oldham Council and Cabinet Member for Social Justice and Communities, said: “Our moorland is some of the most beautiful countryside in England and must be protected".


(image: Foresty and Land Scotland)Enchanted Forest success leads to bat box boost - Forestry and Land Scotland

Partnership work to erect bat boxes in woodland near Loch Faskally has been a huge success!

A total of 30 boxes were funded by The Enchanted Forest Community Trust and installed in September 2017 by Tayside Bat Group volunteers in Woodlands near Loch Faskally.

(image: Foresty and Land Scotland)

Forestry and Land Scotland, which provided support funding, has been monitoring the boxes and has found them to be home to 44 soprano pipistrelle bats.

Ian Sim, Chairman of The Enchanted Forest Community Trust, said; “The Enchanted Forest is a huge annual event that goes from success to success and we are always looking to reinvest in the local community as a thank you for its continued support through the years. Funding the bat boxes was a great idea that we thought would help encourage and develop the forest’s wild ecosystem. We are really pleased that they have proved to be so popular!”

The mix of hand-made wooden, and ready-made woodcrete boxes are located in good habitat, close to Loch Faskally and well away from where The Enchanted Forest is held.

Gareth Ventress, for the FLS environment team in the area, said; “The boxes have increased the potential roosting sites for protected species within a working forest and our survey in September this year has revealed how successful they’ve been. Almost all of the bats have now been sexed, weighed and measured and some of them are nearing the upper end of the scale for their species, weighing in at 7.2g when their upper limit is around the 8g mark. That’s a really good sign that they thriving!”


Appeal to drive with care and save New Forest animals in the darker nights - New Forest National Park Authority

Take extra care on New Forest roads to save the animals – that’s the message from New Forest organisations as the clocks go back and the evenings get darker.

Drivers are being asked to drive slowly and add three minutes to their journey – the extra time it takes to drive some of the most dangerous routes in the Forest at 30mph rather than 40mph.

63 animals were killed last year on Forest roads: ponies, cattle, donkeys, pigs and sheep. Sadly, the figure this year is up nearly 14% on the same period last year, with 67 animals having been involved in road accidents since January. Most of the drivers involved were local people on regular trips, with four main roads seeing the most accidents:

• Lymington - Beaulieu - Dibden Purlieu
• Brockenhurst - Sway
• Burley - Picket Post
• Cadnam - Godshill.

The winter campaign was launched at the Fighting Cocks pub at Godshill which is on the worst road for animal accidents. Five near-life-size animal silhouettes will be going on tour to prominent locations around the New Forest. They show the number of each kind of animal killed last year and provide an eye-catching reminder that winter evenings are the most dangerous time for accidents.

Records of accidents over the last five years show a big increase when the clocks change, with Thursdays and Fridays between 5pm – 6pm in November and December seeing a peak in animal deaths and injuries.


Forty-four projects from across Scotland have been shortlisted for the eighth Nature of Scotland Awards, hosted by RSPB Scotland and Scottish Natural Heritage - RSPB

The shortlist of nominees up for this year’s Nature of Scotland Awards were announced yesterday at a reception at the Scottish Parliament, hosted by Emma Harper MSP and sponsored by The Botanist.

This is the eighth year of this prestigious nature awards, and trophies will be presented in December.

A record number of projects were nominated for their achievements in the natural world all over Scotland.

There are nine different categories, and 44 entries have been shortlisted representing people, projects, and community groups across Scotland, from Shetland to South Lanarkshire, Aberdeen to Stirling, with the youngest nominees still at school. All those shortlisted are invited to the awards ceremony later this year.

The winners will be announced on Wednesday 4 December in Edinburgh, at a black-tie presentation dinner, which this year is hosted by Scottish wildlife presenter and natural history filmmaker Gordon Buchanan, and BBC Scotland radio and TV presenter, and wildlife expert, Euan McIlwraith. The dinner will be held at the Sheraton Grand Hotel in Edinburgh.


Landmark survey reveals moorland birds are thriving - Moors for the Future Partnership

A new survey of breeding birds in the Peak District National Park has shown a positive trend in numbers of endangered species.

Populations of 16 bird species in the Peak District are up, in contrast to national trends from the UK Government’s State of Nature 2019 report.

(image: Moors for the Future Partnership)Out of the 29 species sighted, the numbers of 21 species – notably golden plover, snipe and lapwing – have increased.

The curlew, which experienced a decline of 48% nationally between 1995 and 2017, increased 252% between 1990 and 2018 in the Peak District.

(image: Moors for the Future Partnership)

There was a dramatic increase in sightings of buzzard throughout the area, from one sighting in 1990 to 239 in 2018. Equally remarkable was a rise in raven sightings from 0 to 157 in the same period.

Traditional hill grazing, grouse moor management and peatland restoration have all played their part in these success stories.

The survey, which took place in 2018, and previously in 1990 and 2004, was carried out by Moors for the Future Partnership, in collaboration with Peak District land owners and land managers. The survey was funded by Natural England, the Moorland Association, National Trust, RSPB, Severn Trent, United Utilities and Yorkshire Water.

The Peak District and South Pennine moors are a vital and unique habitat for moorland birds. Their population numbers provide a key insight into the health of these moorlands. The purpose of the survey was to discover how moorland birds were faring and whether interventions that will enhance their habitat are having a positive impact.

The surveyed area covered 500 square kilometres in the South Pennine Moors Special Protection Area (SPA), roughly equating to the size of 70,000 football pitches. The British Trust for Ornithology analysed the survey results and drew comparisons to the previous two surveys to give an insight into breeding bird populations, and the influence of key factors. These factors include land use, land management and habitat conditions and types.


Climate change impact on butterflies revealed - Scottish Natural Heritage

Butterfly populations remain stable in Scotland but climate change is having a variable impact on different species.

The latest Scottish Biodiversity Indicator published by Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH) examines the long-term trend for butterflies since 1979.

Climate change impact on butterflies revealed: Orange-tip butterfly ©Lorne Gill SNHThe warming summer climate has pushed the distribution of some species northwards, but this has been balanced out by the negative effects of warmer and wetter winters and poor land management practices in some habitats.

Populations of orange-tip, small heath, ringlet, small pearl-bordered fritillary and red admiral butterflies have all experienced significant increases.

Climate change impact on butterflies revealed: Orange-tip butterfly

©Lorne Gill SNH

Meanwhile there have been decreases in the numbers of grayling, small tortoiseshell and small copper butterflies.

Habitat loss, climate change, urban development and increased nitrogen deposition have all been linked to declines.

Recent research has shown that milder wetter winters in particular are having a negative impact on some species including the small tortoiseshell.

Simon Foster, SNH Trends and Indicators Analyst, said: “While butterfly populations in Scotland have remained stable overall, a closer look at the data reveals that climate change is impacting differently on different species. While the range of some established or expanding butterfly populations has been pushed northwards as a result of warming summers, other species are struggling to cope. We know that nature-based solutions are crucial to helping us tackle the climate emergency, and together with partners we are working on a range of projects to help pollinators such as butterflies. Members of the public can also do their bit – for example planting butterfly-friendly native plants can help populations locally, and leaving nettles alone will ensure an essential food plant for small tortoiseshells. Providing a nice dry area such as a log pile or an old shed left partly open can also provide essential overwintering conditions for small tortoiseshell and peacock butterflies.”


2019 Arboriculture and Horticulture Results Published - Arboricultural Association

The results of the Arboriculture sector skills survey carried out in Spring 2019 have now been published. The new report provides evidence of many long-term issues facing the sector.

The survey found that most Arboricultural businesses expect environmental opportunities and Health & Safety to be the main driver of change within the industry, as well as shortages of skills, particularly at technical and supervisor level, and access to labour which many within the sector are already experiencing. 

The key results include:

  • Arboriculture is facing a skills shortage. Primarily in skilled professional and technical occupations and supervisory positions. Recruits to the sector often lack basic skills.
  • Growth is being restrained by the availability of skilled staff
  • There is low take up of apprenticeship schemes by the industry
  • Most Arboricultural businesses, being micro or small sized, do not understand apprenticeship offerings nor the available apprenticeship funding.
  • Environmental Awareness and Soft Skills are cl early identified as key training areas going forward.
  • There is a lack of appropriate training provision and a lack of signposting to existing training provision.

Skills and Labour Issues Highlighted

  • Skills and labour issues are of key concern for the entire sector in the near to medium term. There are significant skills issues (skills gaps and shortages) which were highlighted by the sector through the survey and workshops and which need to be addressed for both the sector as a whole and for specific sub-sectors.
  • Arboriculture-skills shortages
  • There is an overall shortage of apprentices in the industry. Recruiting apprentices is relatively easy, their retention proves more difficult. This may be related to little awareness of the true nature of the profession and its physical demands. Aspiring candidates seem to be aware of exciting Arb features like climbing, but underestimate the physical demands and menial tasks involved. Work ethics and behaviours are also issues.
  • Knowledge of the sector and the knowledge of trees should be promoted in schools and teachers should be engaged as well. Horticulture skills should be included in career days. The pathways and career progression routes and a pride in the profession also should be promoted.

Read the Arboriculture subsector report (pdf)  


Rural businesses to benefit from £35m government fund - defra

Grants of up to £750,000 available to rural firms to boost productivity and create local jobs

Rural businesses across the country are set to benefit from a guaranteed £35 million in government funding to create new jobs, boost tourism, and unlock growth in rural areas. This figure could be increased to £50 million if there are enough high-quality applications.

The government’s Growth Programme, which opens for expressions of interest on Monday 4 November, provides grants for rural start-ups and businesses to purchase state-of-the-art equipment and machinery to grow their business or open up opportunities for tourism.

The scheme has already granted £99 million to 546 local businesses across England, creating 3,771 new jobs in rural areas.

Paul Caldwell, Chief Executive of the Rural Payments Agency, said: "The Growth Programme provides funding to the 98% of the rural economy in England that isn’t directly engaged in farming. From heritage railways to creameries and vineyards, small and micro-businesses have benefited from the investment available under the Growth Programme in recent years.  We are looking to support applications from businesses with ambitious plans to grow their business and provide wider benefits to their local community. I would urge all interested applicants to submit their expressions of interest as soon as possible to ensure they have plenty of time to complete a full application if their project is assessed to be eligible."


Gannets learn to hunt by following their elders - University of Glasgow

Flock of gannets over Bass Rock (image: Adrian Kirby / pixabay)Gannets, the largest seabirds in the North Atlantic, can travel hundreds of miles from their homes just to catch food for their chicks. However, with around a million square miles of ocean to choose from, it has always been a mystery how they decide where is best to search for fish.

Now, new research led by the University of Glasgow and published today in the Journal of Avian Biology, offers new insights into why these iconic shaped seabirds choose to hunt the way they do.

Scientists recorded thousands of gannets commuting to and from the Bass Rock, in the outer part of the Firth of Forth in Eastern Scotland. The Bass Rock houses the world’s largest northern gannet colony, with an estimated 75,300 breeding pairs calling it home. 

Flock of gannets over Bass Rock (image: Adrian Kirby / pixabay)

They found that travelling as part of a flock appeared to be about more than just gaining aerodynamic benefits. The researchers were able to show that the more experienced adult birds were often found at the front of commuting flocks, with younger birds following behind. The results add weight to the theory that gannets learn to hunt by following their elders.

Dr Ewan Wakefield from the University of Glasgow’s Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, said: “Our research offers a more detailed insight into how and why gannets search for food in the way they do. With such a large expanse of ocean to choose from it has always been a mystery as to how they know where fish are most likely to be found. 

Read the paper:

Wakefield, E. D., Furness, R. W., Lane, J. V., Jeglinski, J. W. and Pinder, S. J. (2019), Immature gannets follow adults in commuting flocks providing a potential mechanism for social learning. J Avian Biol, 50:. doi:10.1111/jav.02164


And finally finishing the week with an "aw!"

One big happy family! First footage of mother otter and cubs delights wildlife lovers - South Downs National Park

Adorable footage of a mother otter and her two cubs provides the first definitive proof that the iconic creatures are breeding on the River Meon.

Thought to be locally extinct in Hampshire until a few years ago, the incredible video is further evidence of reductions in river pollution that is allowing the secretive mammals to thrive.

The otter family was captured under the cover of darkness by a wildlife camera installed by the South Downs National Park Authority.

image: Karen Arnold / pixabay)The mother, with gleaming bright eyes, is seen climbing on to a raft – a device used to monitor river-dwelling species. Her two curious cubs are then seen following in her tracks before the trio glide back into the water.

image: Karen Arnold / pixabay)

Monitoring the wildlife camera was Dave Strutt, who is a Volunteer Ranger for the South Downs National Park.

Dave, who lives in Horndean, said: “We have a few of these wildlife cameras dotted around the Meon Valley and we sometimes see foxes, badgers, deer and hare.

“To see an otter is incredibly rare – let alone a mum and her two cubs. After watching hours and hours of waving leaves and reeds, it was a delightful moment to see this otter family appear on the screen. It’s a rare treat for any nature lover!” 

Click through to view the footage.


Scientific Publication

Waggitt, J. , et al  (2019), Distribution maps of cetacean and seabird populations in the North - East Atlantic. J Appl Ecol. Accepted Author Manuscript. doi:10.1111/1365-2664.13525


Phillip A. Wisocki, Patrick Kennelly, Indira Rojas Rivera, Phillip Cassey, Mark L. Burkey & Daniel Hanley, The global distribution of avian eggshell colours suggest a thermoregulatory benefit of darker pigmentation, Nature Ecology & Evolution (2019) doi.org/10.1038/s41559-019-1003-2


Marie Hébert, Elisabetta Versace, Giorgio Vallortigara, Inexperienced preys know when to flee or to freeze in front of a threat Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Oct 2019, 201915504; DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1915504116


Rose, P.E., Brereton, J.E., Rowden, L.J. et al. What’s new from the zoo? An analysis of ten years of zoo-themed research output. (open access) Palgrave Commun 5, 128 (2019) doi:10.1057/s41599-019-0345-3


Prashant Kumar, Angela Druckman, John Gallagher, et al.  The nexus between air pollution, green infrastructure and human health, Environment International, doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.105181


Broughton, R. K. (2019), Current and future impacts of nest predation and nest‐site competition by invasive eastern grey squirrels Sciurus carolinensis on European birds. Mam Rev. doi:10.1111/mam.12174


Chantel J. Taylor, Jayne E. Yack Hearing in Caterpillars of the Monarch Butterfly (Danaus plexippus) Journal of Experimental Biology doi: 10.1242/jeb.211862


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