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A round up of the top countryside, conservation, wildlife and forestry stories as chosen by the CJS Team.


Dolphin attacks on Moray Firth harbour porpoises - Sea Watch Foundation

Two dolphin attacks on harbour porpoises, a rare sight to actually observe in British waters, have been recorded by local photographers, Bottlenose dolphin tossing a harbour porpoise up in the air on May 9th. Copyright: Jamie MunyJamie Muny and Alister Kemp, close to the shore of Chanonry Point in the Moray Firth, NE Scotland!

Bottlenose dolphin tossing a harbour porpoise up in the air on May 9th. Copyright: Jamie Muny

Researchers at Sea Watch Foundation, a national charity that monitors the numbers and distributions of whales, dolphins and porpoises around the British Isles, have been alerted to a series of unusual sightings of bottlenose dolphin attacks upon porpoises in the Moray Firth this past week. Instantly, the staff at the research organisation realised that Jamie and Alister had managed to take some exceptional photographs.

Jamie and Alister have been photographing dolphins for over a decade and although they had heard about these attacks before, this was the first time they had witnessed something like that.  On May 9thand May 11th, pods of bottlenose dolphins were seen attacking harbour porpoises, with each attack lasting around 5 to 10 minutes. On both occasions, the photographers thought the dolphins were throwing a large salmon up into the air, as they often feed on this species of fish in the area. It was only when they reviewed their images afterwards that they realized it was in fact a porpoise. On May 9th, while being tossed in the air, the porpoise appeared motionless as the dolphin pushed it up out of the water with their beaks seemingly across the stomach. On one occasion, a dolphin appears out of the water with a porpoise resting on its beak.


Campaign branches out to protect UK's mighty oaks - Defra

Action Oak contributes to the Government’s 25-year Environment Plan by helping to protect the country's 121 million precious oak trees for future generations

A major new campaign to protect the UK’s mighty oak trees from threats including pests and diseases has been officially launched at the 2018 Chelsea Flower Show by Lord Gardiner, Defra’s Biosecurity Minister.

The Action Oak Partnership - made up of charities, environmental organisations and landowners – is seeking to raise £15 million for research and monitoring to help safeguard the 121 million oaks in UK woodlands.

Work will include capturing the first detailed picture of the current health of oaks trees, helping to gain a greater understanding of how to preserve their iconic position in our landscape for generations to come.

The campaign contributes to the Government’s 25-year Environment Plan, which was launched by the Prime Minister in January, by helping to strengthen biosecurity and build resilience to protect oaks for future generations. It also builds on the £37 million the Government is already investing in tree and plant health research.


Managed hunting can help maintain animal populations – University of Cambridge

Researchers studying the hunting of ibex in Switzerland over the past 40 years have shown how hunts, when tightly monitored, can help Alpine ibex Credit: Reto Barblan, Bergünmaintain animal populations at optimal levels. 

Alpine ibex Credit: Reto Barblan, Bergün

The international team of researchers, led by the University of Cambridge and the Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL), studied the hunt of Alpine ibex – a type of wild goat with long, curved horns – in the eastern Swiss canton of Graubünden by examining the horn size of more than 8,000 ibex harvested between 1978 and 2013, to determine whether average horn growth or body weight had changed over the last 40 years.

Their results, published in the Journal of Animal Ecology, reveal that unsurprisingly, ibex with longer-than-average horns are more likely to be shot than animals of the same age with shorter horns. However, due to tight controls placed on the hunt by the Swiss authorities, hunters tend to shoot as few animals as possible, to avoid violating the rules and incurring large fines.

Hunting for specific traits can place selective pressure on certain species, resulting in a negative evolutionary response. In their study, the researchers investigated whether the targeting of ibex with large horns would lead to a lower average horn size across the entire population.

They found that while even tightly-managed hunts cannot prevent hunters from targeting longer-horned animals, no long-term changes were found in the horn length of male ibex in Graubünden, which is most likely related to the fact that the numbers of ibex removed from the population by hunters is too small to have an evolutionary effect.


Securing the natural environment for future generations – British Ecological Society

The British Ecological Society and the UK’s statutory nature conservation agencies are holding a conference at Manchester Metropolitan University this week, bringing together policy officials, practitioners, natural and social scientists from across the UK and internationally to set a new direction of travel for nature conservation in the UK.

Climate change, population growth, increasing land use and competition for resources all impact heavily on nature and wildlife. The changing political landscape in the UK, which is in part driven by Brexit, creates additional uncertainties and opportunities.
Where does nature conservation sit in relation to these changes? Who is nature conservation for and what should be our policy and delivery priorities?

Along with a host of invited speakers, delegates will be presenting their conservation and biodiversity research and taking part in debate sessions to address these challenges.


New Clean Air Strategy has been launched by Environment Secretary Michael Gove - Defra

Today (Tuesday 22 May) Environment Secretary Michael Gove has launched an ambitious new clean air strategy to tackle air pollution.

Today the Environment Secretary Michael Gove has published a Clean Air Strategy which aims to cut air pollution and save lives, backed up through new primary legislation.

Air pollution is the fourth biggest threat to public health after cancer, obesity and heart disease and the new government strategy sets out how we will go further and faster than the EU in reducing human exposure to particulate matter pollution. These proposals are in addition to the government’s £3.5 billion plan to reduce air pollution from road transport and diesel vehicles, set out in July last year.

It is estimated that the action set out will reduce the costs of air pollution to society by an estimated £1 billion every year by 2020, rising to £2.5 billion every year from 2030.

The new strategy, which is now out for consultation, is a key part of our 25 Year Plan to leave our environment in a better state than we found it.


Scotland leads the way in international nature targets – Scottish Natural Heritage

On International Biodiversity Day, Scotland is leading the way in progress towards meeting international nature targets.

Positive results in key areas that tackle decline in Scotland’s nature are revealed in the Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH) report, ‘Scotland’s Biodiversity Progress to 2020 Aichi Targets’.

Scotland has exceeded nature targets in key areas, including:

Scotland is a world leader in developing the concept of natural capital -  Scotland’s stocks of natural assets which include geology, soil, air, water and all living things - with nature values integrated into Scotland’s mainstream planning, policy and reporting frameworks.

Bringing nearly one-fifth of Scotland’s seas area into the Marine Protected Area network

Restoring some of Scotland’s most threatened habitats, including rivers, and some 10,000 ha of peatlands since 2012

Increasing awareness of the value of nature to two-thirds of the Scottish public

Across the world, countries are dealing with species declining 1000 times faster than expected in normal ecological conditions. In Scotland, the report shows the nation is on track to meet seven of the targets, with a further twelve needing further action to reduce key pressures on nature arising from pollution, land-use change, the spread of invasive species and climate change.


In a New Biomass Census, Trees Rule the Planet – Weizmann Institute of Science

The study reveals, among other things, our impact on the Earth’s biosphere

(l-r) Yinon Bar-On and Prof. Ron Milo compiled a biomass distribution for all life on Earth(l-r) Yinon Bar-On and Prof. Ron Milo compiled a biomass distribution for all life on Earth

What are the most abundant animals on Earth? How do plants stack up against fungi, animals or bacteria? How does the mass of life in the oceans compare to that on land? A new type of global census based on the total biomass of different life forms on Earth suggests that much of what we think we know about such questions is based on outdated research, incomplete estimates or simply unfounded anecdotes. In addition to providing answers to such questions, the biomass census can help researchers address larger issues, for example, about the way that carbon cycles through the environment. This study was conducted at the Weizmann Institute of Science and published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).

Yinon Bar-On, a research student in the group of Prof. Ron Milo of the Weizmann Institute’s Plant and Environmental Sciences Department began this study with a different research project for which he wanted to compare certain proteins in various organisms and their overall influence on the biosphere. So he went to the existing literature, but the figures he needed were lacking.


Wildlife in Common – Norfolk Wildlife Trust

A two year project celebrating Norfolk’s commons and their wildlife and heritage has begun,  run by Norfolk Wildlife Trust in partnership with Norfolk County Council and University of East Anglia. It will empower local people to connect with their common land, and ultimately may lead to the creation of new commons in Norfolk.
Wildlife in Common has been made possible by National Lottery players thanks to £58,800 from the Heritage Lottery Fund (HLF), with additional support of £7,750 from Essex & Suffolk Water Branch Out fund.
NWT will enlist volunteers to help collect wildlife records on commons, allowing it to truly evaluate the importance of these places for wildlife. Through the project, help will be on hand for communities taking practical action to protect and conserve commons, whilst events involving schools, artists and museums will raise the profile of common land across Norfolk.
A major element of this National Lottery funded project will be to support communities in researching the history of their common. This will involve collaboration with the University of Anglia and the Norfolk Record Office at Norfolk County Council.
NWT will also explore the potential to create new commons for the future, including establishing new common rights, perhaps in the form of community orchards or coppice woodlands, allowing residents to have a real stake in the land. These would be informal open spaces with wildlife habitats, used for walking and enjoying wildlife. This is a bold step and an innovative approach to public open space that has not yet been explored in Britain.


World’s biggest fisheries supported by seagrass meadows – Swansea University

Scientific research, led by Dr Richard Unsworth at Swansea University, has provided the first quantitative global evidence of the significant role that seagrass meadows play in supporting world fisheries productivity.

The study provides evidence that a fifth of the World’s biggest fisheries, such as Atlantic Cod and Walleye Pollock are reliant on healthy seagrass meadows. The study also demonstrates the prevalence of seagrass associated fishing globally.

image: Swansea UniversityThe study, carried out in partnership with Dr Leanne Cullen-Unsworth at Cardiff University and Dr Lina Mtwana Nordlund at Stockholm University, demonstrates for the first time that seagrasses should be recognised and managed to maintain and maximise their role in global fisheries production.

image: Swansea University

Dr Cullen-Unsworth said: “The chasm that exists between coastal habitat conservation and fisheries management needs to be filled to maximise the chances of seagrass meadows supporting fisheries, so that they can continue to support human wellbeing”.

Seagrasses are marine flowering plants that form extensive meadows in shallow seas on all continents except Antarctica. The distribution of seagrass, from the intertidal to about 60m depth in clear waters, makes seagrass meadows an easily exploitable fishing habitat.

Dr Richard Unsworth from Swansea University’s Biosciences department said: “Seagrass meadows support global fisheries productivity by providing nursery habitat for commercial fish stocks such as tiger prawns, conch, Atlantic cod and white spotted spinefoot”.


Environment Agency calls for action on water efficiency - Environment Agency

Rivers and wildlife could be left without sufficient water unless action is taken to reduce water use and wastage, according to an Environment Agency report published today.

The first major report on water resources in England states that climate change and demand from a growing population are the biggest pressures on the availability of water. Without action to increase supply, reduce demand and cut down on wastage, many areas in England could see significant supply deficits by 2050 – particularly in the south east.

The State of the Environment: Water Resources report highlights unsustainable levels of water abstraction, leakage from water companies – currently estimated at 3 billion litres per day – and demand from industry and the public as three of the issues to tackle in order to protect the water environment.

Emma Howard Boyd, Chair of the Environment Agency said: “We need to change our attitudes to water use. It is the most fundamental thing needed to ensure a healthy environment but we are taking too much of it and have to work together to manage this precious resource. Industry must innovate and change behaviours in order to reduce demand and cut down on wastage – and we all have a duty to use water more wisely at home. With demand on the rise, water companies must invest more in infrastructure to address leakage instead of relying on abstraction and the natural environment to make up this shortfall”.

The report shows that current levels of water abstraction are unsustainable in more than a quarter of groundwaters and one fifth of rivers, leading to reduced flows which could damage local ecology and wildlife.


‘Virtual safe space’ to help bumblebees - University of Exeter

The many threats facing bumblebees can be tested using a “virtual safe space” created by scientists at the University of Exeter.

‘Virtual safe space’ to help bumblebees (Photo credit Matthias Becher) Bumble-BEEHAVE provides a computer simulation of how colonies will develop and react to multiple factors including pesticides, parasites and habitat loss.

‘Virtual safe space’ to help bumblebees (Photo credit Matthias Becher) 

The tool lets researchers, farmers, policymakers and other interested parties test different land management techniques to find out what will be most beneficial for bees.  Field experiments can be very timely and costly, so results from Bumble-BEEHAVE can help refine and reduce the number of experiments needed.

Bumble-BEEHAVE – which is freely available online – is a powerful tool that can make predictions, according to a new study.

“We know that pollinator decline is a really big problem for crops and also for wildflowers,” said Dr Grace Twiston-Davies, of the Environment and Sustainability Institute at the University of Exeter’s Penryn Campus in Cornwall. “Bumble-BEEHAVE takes into account the many complicated factors that interact to affect bumblebees. This provides a virtual safe space to test the different management options. “It’s a free, user-friendly system and we’re already starting to work with land managers and wildlife groups on the ground.”

Disentangling the many factors that affect bumblebee colonies is incredibly complicated, meaning real-word testing of different methods by land managers is often not feasible.  This problem prompted the Exeter scientists to create the BEEHAVE (honeybees) and Bumble-BEEHAVE computer models. Bumble-BEEHAVE can simulate the growth, behaviour and survival of six UK bumblebee species living in a landscape providing various nectar and pollen sources to forage on.

Read the paper: Matthias A. Becher, Grace Twiston-Davies, Tim D. Penny, Dave Goulson, Ellen L. Rotheray, Juliet L. Osborne.  Bumble-BEEHAVE: A systems model for exploring multifactorial causes of bumblebee decline at individual, colony, population and community level Journal of Applied Ecology https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.13165  


Supermarkets challenged to act faster on plastic, as new survey launches to rank their efforts - Greenpeace

The Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) and Greenpeace UK are conducting a survey of major UK grocery retailers, their use of single-use plastic packaging and their targets to reduce it. The results, due in the autumn, are expected to reveal the volume of single-use plastic packaging each retailer puts onto the market every year, their targets to reduce plastic packaging, and their approach to tackling plastic pollution across their supply chains.

The detailed survey, which is believed to be the largest ever survey of UK grocery retailers and plastic, has been sent to the 11 largest supermarkets by market share and grocery retailers with more than 1000 stores across the UK. The results will provide a benchmark for current commitments and actions on curbing plastic pollution.

As well as collecting data about volumes of plastic and reduction targets, the survey intends to look at how retailers are planning to meet their targets, and to reveal some of the challenges faced by retailers and solutions that are being developed. The results will also highlight where further innovation is needed.  

Sarah Baulch, Senior Ocean Campaigner, Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA), said: “Single use plastics and packaging are a major contributor to the plastic pollution that is having a devastating impact on our oceans. Retailers need to take a lead in reducing the amount that they’re putting into the market. Our survey will highlight those supermarkets who are demonstrating leadership by reducing their plastic footprint and conversely those who are lagging behind.”


Puffin numbers may be down 12 per cent on Farne Islands as census begins – National Trust

Puffin numbers on Britain's remote Farne Islands may have fallen by an average of 12 per cent in potentially grim news for the struggling seabird, according to early figures in the National Trust's five-yearly count.

Initial numbers suggest the population has fallen by up to 42 per cent on one of the islands – much worse than expected since the last count in 2013 when nearly 40,000 breeding pairs were recorded.

Puffins return to the Farne Islands for breeding season (National Trust Images / Paul Kingston & NNP)The Trust, which has been looking after the islands for 93 years, will step up monitoring in a bid to help better understand the alarming decline.

Puffins return to the Farne Islands for breeding season

(National Trust Images / Paul Kingston & NNP)

The puffins have also returned four weeks later than usual to their nesting grounds on the windswept islands off the Northumberland due to the prolonged, harsh winter.  Ranger, Tom Hendry says: “Initial findings are concerning.  Numbers could be down due to stormy or wetter weather as well as changes in the sandeel population, which is one of their staple foods.

“So far we’ve surveyed four of the eight islands where we conduct the census[1].  Figures from the two largest islands are vastly contradictory with numbers on Brownsman 42 per cent down, while recordings on Staple show an 18 per cent increase.  We will now do some further investigations as to why this might be. Figures across the two smaller islands are more consistent, but numbers are still down by up to 33 per cent.  We will hopefully have a much clearer picture towards the end of the count in late June. If the final results reflect this drop, this will increase the need for us to monitor these beautiful ‘clowns of the sea’ more frequently.”


Extinct butterfly flies again – Butterfly Conservation

The first Chequered Skipper collected in 2018 (image: Dan Hoare)A previously extinct butterfly will fly in its former English stronghold for the first time in more than 40 years as part of the ambitious conservation project, Back from the Brink.

Wildlife charity Butterfly Conservation, working in partnership with the Forestry Commission has released Chequered Skipper butterflies at a secret location in Rockingham Forest, Northamptonshire, as part of the project.  It is anticipated that these butterflies will mate and lay the foundations of a new English population of Chequered Skipper in the forest.

The Back from the Brink project, made possible thanks to the National Lottery and People’s Postcode Lottery, aims to save 20 species from extinction and benefit over 200 more through 19 projects that span England. 

The first Chequered Skipper collected in 2018 (image: Dan Hoare)

The Chequered Skipper, although always scarce, became extinct in England in 1976 as a result of habitat loss due to changes in woodland management that saw a decline in coppicing and management of long, narrow tracks (rides) and an increase in conifer plantations which were unsuitable for the butterfly.  In England the butterfly was historically found in a band of woodlands and limestone grassland from Oxfordshire to Lincolnshire and Cambridgeshire. Although the Chequered Skipper is found in parts of Scotland, conservationists always hoped to reintroduce it to England if suitable habitat conditions could be recreated.


Commitment to net-zero greenhouse gas emissions – Scottish Government

New legislation set to be ‘toughest in the world’. 

Scotland will become one of the first countries to achieve a 100% reduction in carbon emissions, Climate Change Secretary Roseanna Cunningham has said.

The new Climate Change Bill will immediately set a target of a 90% reduction by 2050, which the UK Committee on Climate Change (UK CCC) states is currently “at the limit of feasibility.” The draft Bill sets out that the Scottish Government intends to go further still and achieve a 100% reduction in emissions, known as ‘net-zero’, as soon as possible.

Ministers will be legally required to keep the net-zero target date under review by seeking expert advice on the issue every five years. The target date will become legally-binding, subject to the consent of the Scottish Parliament, as soon as there is sufficient evidence to demonstrate the date is credible and achievable.

As well as increasing long term ambition, the new Bill also includes the most ambitious interim targets in the world, as well as stretching annual targets for every year between now and 2050.  This means action will need to increase immediately, across every sector of the Scottish economy. It will also require action by individuals, communities and businesses – as well as government.


Exciting osprey news from Kielder – Northumberland Wildlife Trust

Following a slow start to the Kielder Water & Forest Park osprey season, hampered by the Beast from the East, the breeding season is well underway with three eggs in each of the four nests.

There was a question mark over whether this would happen as unfortunately, the male from nest three did not return from migration. However, a new male found the nest and has formed a successful new partnership with the female.

Joanna Dailey, Kielder Osprey expert volunteer, said, “Sadness at the loss of the original Nest three male is tempered by the arrival of an unringed male, who is doing well as a probable first time breeder. Sometimes, a new pairing will have only two eggs, so we’re thrilled to see the three eggs on Nest 3.”

The first eggs will begin hatching at the end of May and into June. 


Woodland Trust slams HS2 tunnel decision - Woodland Trust

The Woodland Trust has slammed a decision to plough ahead with proposals for two tunnels on Phase 2a of HS2 that will destroy nearly seven hectares of ancient woodland.

Whitmore Wood (Photo: Luci Ryan/WTML)Some 6.7 hectares of irreplaceable habitat will be destroyed as a result of two separate twin-bore tunnels being built between Whitmore and Madeley in Staffordshire, with six hectares lost at Whitmore Wood alone.

Whitmore Wood (Photo: Luci Ryan/WTML)

The conservation charity had instead backed alternative plans for a continuous 6.4km twin-bore tunnel that would eliminate most of this loss, reducing the overall destruction of ancient woodland on Phase 2a by over 60%.

Trust ecologist Luci Ryan said: “This decision has signed the death knell for irreplaceable ancient woodland. How on earth can they have come to this decision at a time when Government is pushing for greater protection of ancient woodland as part of its consultation into the revised National Planning Policy Framework? It beggars belief.  This is the single biggest loss of ancient woodland on the entire route and results in Phase 2a destroying more ancient woodland per kilometre than Phase 1.”


New quarantine proposals to protect England's trees - defra

Environment Secretary launches first Tree Health Resilience Strategy to protect England’s trees from pests and diseases for generations to come.

woodland (Natural England)(Image: Natural England)

Proposals to consult industry on new quarantine arrangements for high-risk plants are among the measures set out today (Friday 25 May) in the Government’s plan to protect the UK’s precious trees.

Currently quarantine is used by some horticulture businesses as part of strong biosecurity measures against high-risk species. We want to explore how this targeted approach can be broadened out so we have better protection against harmful pests and diseases right across the industry.

Once we leave the EU we will have the chance to tighten biosecurity measures further and take swifter, more targeted action against serious threats like Xylella.

The Tree Health Resilience Strategy, the first major publication to come out of the 25-Year Environment Plan, sets out a new proactive approach to tree health, with landowners, charities, the public and government working together to take actions to build resilience against pests and diseases to protect the nation’s trees – worth an estimated £175billion.

As part of this approach, a new senior cross-industry Plant Health Alliance to strengthen biosecurity practices across industry has been established. The Alliance brings together the country’s leading nurseries, retailers, tree suppliers, landscapers, foresters, the RHS and Defra to ensure an effective response to threats such as Xylella and Emerald Ash Borer.


Tree health resilience strategy 2018 - defra policy paper

This strategy explains how the government will work with others to protect England’s tree population from pest and disease threats.

This strategy sets out plans to reduce the risk of pest and disease threats. It also sets out how we will strengthen the resilience of our trees to withstand threats.

This strategy includes a National Action Plan. The plan sets out what we’re already doing and what we and others will need to do to protect our trees and the important services they provide.

In “our goals”, we’ve summarised what we hope to achieve over the next 5 years.

Access: Tree health resilience strategy: our goals 

Download Tree health resilience strategy report (PDF)


A Blooming Future for Green Angels: Award-winning and free environmental training programme hailed a success in South Yorkshire - The Land Trust

National land management charity the Land Trust, introduced its award-winning, Green Angels, environmental training programme to adults across South Yorkshire in the autumn, giving them the chance to gain practical skills through hands-on learning.  8 trainees joined the Green Angels course in Environmental Education which was delivered by the Land Trust in partnership with The Conservation Volunteers (TCV).   

The course explores the practicalities of working with children, from lesson planning to risk assessment, and considered environmental education initiatives such as Eco-Schools and Forest School.   All trainees received DBS certificates and a highlight of the course was working outdoors with children from the local primary school, where trainees made their own lunch over a camp fire and crafted tools and Christmas decorations from logs and twigs. 

Since completing the environmental education course many Green Angels trainees have developed their new skills further and are helping with Forest School and family activities with TCV. One trainee has been offered formal training at the local primary school. 

You can read more about the Green Angels programme and its success in Liverpool in this article written by The Land Trust which was published in CJS Focus on Volunteering: Green Angels create magic in Liverpool Park 


Rare eggs hatch after spring flooding rescue - Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust

A total of 15 godwit eggs rescued from muddy farmland in East Anglia have hatched successfully so far.

Chicks in brooders (image: WWT)Conservationists, trying to protect the rare black-tailed godwit, teamed up with local farmers to save the eggs, which were found in poor condition due to heavy spring downpours.

Godwit chicks in brooders (image: WWT)

Collecting eggs for rear and release, known as head-starting, was already planned in the area as part of a five-year EU funded project. When flooding forced wild birds to nest away from the safety of their wetland habitat in the Nene Washes, the project team launched a rescue operation to help even more eggs.

Rebecca Lee, Principal Species Conservation Officer at WWT, welcomed the news. She said: “Conditions were so bad that we were concerned that they might not survive. A number of the eggs that we did manage to collect were in such bad condition that they resembled muddy potatoes. Thankfully, the majority of these eggs have shown signs of life and many have hatched successfully despite our reservations. Flooding forced our ground-nesting birds off important nesting areas and they have been laying their eggs on nearby farmland where mud is widespread and tall crops can hide potential predators. Thankfully we have been able to work together with the landowners in the area to avoid the worst outcome.”

A total of 32 eggs were collected from farmland as part of the pioneering nature-conservation scheme Project Godwit – a partnership between WWT and RSPB, which aims to restore the UK breeding population.

Hannah Ward, RSPB Project Manager at Project Godwit, added: “The decision to intervene was not taken lightly. The extreme weather and the dire state of these precious, rare eggs meant they had almost no chance of survival in the wild. Luckily, as our project already includes helping godwits by collecting eggs and head-starting chicks, we were in a position to also help these extra eggs. With less than fifty pairs of godwits breeding in the UK, every egg that successfully hatches could be critical for the future of the population. This was a real team effort and we thank the farmers who worked closely with us to rescue the eggs.”


Scientific Research 

Martín, B., Perez-Bacalu, C., Onrubia, A. et al. Impact of wind farms on soaring bird populations at a migratory bottleneck. Eur J Wildl Res (2018) 64: 33. Doi: /10.1007/s10344-018-1192-z


Scientific publications

Fuller, L., Shewring, M. & Caryl, F.M. A novel method for targeting survey effort to identify new bat roosts using habitat suitability modelling Eur J Wildl Res (2018) 64: 31. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10344-018-1191-0


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