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A round up of the top countryside, conservation, wildlife and forestry stories as chosen by the CJS Team.


Snake fungal disease identified in wild British snakes for first time - ZSL

Europe’s wild snakes could face a growing threat from a fungal skin disease that has contributed to wild snake deaths in North America, according to an international collaborative study, led by conservation charity ZSL (Zoological Society of London) alongside partners including the U.S. Geological Survey. The new study is published in the journal Scientific Reports. 

A healthy grass snake (image: ZSL - Philip Parker Associates)A healthy grass snake (image: ZSL - Philip Parker Associates)

Caused by the fungus Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola, snake fungal disease (SFD) can lead to symptoms including skin lesions, scabs and crusty scales, which can contribute to the death of the infected animal in some cases. SFD was first recognised in wild snakes in eastern North America around a decade ago. Prior to this study, the only wild populations found to be affected had been those in the central and eastern United States. 

Now, an analysis of samples collected from wild snakes in the United Kingdom and the Czech Republic between 2010-2016 has confirmed the presence of the pathogen and SFD in Europe for the first time. While the disease poses no known risk to humans or livestock, scientists are calling for further research to fully understand the significance of SFD to Europe’s snake populations.  

Lead author and wildlife veterinarian Dr. Lydia Franklinos said: “Our team at ZSL found evidence of SFD in grass snakes (Natrix natrix) from the UK and a single dice snake (Natrix tessellata) from the Czech Republic. The analysis found that the fungus strains from Europe are different to those previously identified in North America – suggesting that rather than being introduced across the Atlantic, or vice versa, the disease could have been present below the radar in European snakes for some time.

Read the paper (open access): Lydia H. V. Franklinos, et al Emerging fungal pathogen Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola in wild European snakes. Scientific Reports 7, Article number: 3844 (2017)    doi:10.1038/s41598-017-03352-1


£200,000 makeover for Longdendale Valley trails to increase accessibility - Peak District National Park

Walkers, cyclists and horse riders in the Longdendale Valley can look forward to more beautiful views and greater levels of accessibility in the coming years. Three national trails are set to receive an upgrade courtesy of a £200,000 grant secured by the Peak District National Park Authority to help enhance access by creating disabled friendly circular routes and to reduce the visual impact of electricity transmission lines running through the valley.

Views and access in the Longdendale will be improved with a grant from National Grid (image: Peak District National Park)Views and access in the Longdendale will be improved with a grant from National Grid (image: Peak District National Park)

The grant has been allocated as part of National Grid’s Landscape Enhancement Initiative (LEI), which has set aside up to £24 million to support small-scale landscape projects in the 30 Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONBs) and National Parks across England and Wales that contain existing National Grid electricity infrastructure.

Over a three year period, work will be carried out along three popular national trails – the Pennine Way, the Pennine Bridleway and the Trans-Pennine Trail – to reduce the visual effects of electricity pylons in the Longdendale Valley.  The funds will also enable the Peak District National Park Authority to enhance access along the valley, particularly for users with a disability and for horse riders.

To refocus views away from the pylons, a number of new circular routes will be established as an alternative to the existing routes that follow the transmission line. Work will also be carried out to screen the line, including selective planting of locally-appropriate tree and shrub species, selective vegetation clearance and management and new seating areas, which will be specially designed to ensure they are inclusive for visitors with disabilities.


Take a bough for Tree of the Year 2017 - Woodland Trust

Earlier this year a UK entry was but a leaf's width away from being crowned European Tree of the Year. The Brimmon Oak near Newtown in Wales finished second, just 1,300 votes behind the eventual winner from Poland, Oak Josef. Now we want to go one better!  

Veteran beech tree in Ballathie North Wood in Perthshire  (Photo: WTML / Julie Howden)Veteran beech tree in Ballathie North Wood in Perthshire  (Photo: WTML / Julie Howden)

Once again we want you to nominate your favourite individual tree (not species!) from across the UK which deserves to be crowned our 2017 Tree of the Year. Your tree could be linked to a historical figure or event, at the heart of your local community or one which is just well loved. We're looking for the most spectacular, quirky, controversial trees, ones which make you stop in your tracks and fill you with inspiration.

From all the nominations we receive we'll then create four shortlists, one for each region, from which the public will vote for a winner. This year we will then be selecting just one tree from the four regions to represent the UK in Europe.

To nominate your tree fill in the nomination form before the end of July and tell us all about it.


NIEA discovers rare butterfly previously feared extinct in Northern Ireland - DAERA

A surveyor from the Northern Ireland Environment Agency has discovered a rare butterfly previously thought to be extinct here.

Small Blue Butterfly (Image: DAERA)Small Blue Butterfly (Image: DAERA)

Bobbie Hamill came across the Small Blue Butterfly – Cupido minimus  while working in Co Fermanagh. Last recorded from its only known site in 2001, it was feared that the butterfly was extinct in Northern Ireland. NIEA’s Habitat Survey Team recorded a total of seven butterflies on the wing on May 31. They partially attribute the occurrence of the species in relatively high numbers to the unusually warm weather – Northern Ireland has enjoyed its warmest spring since records began.  Bobbie Hamill spotted the butterfly while assessing the condition of the flower-rich plant communities in one of Northern Ireland’s most important grassland Areas of Special Scientific Interest (ASSIs), just west of Derrygonnelly.  

Catherine Bertrand, Head of Conservation for Butterfly Conservation in Northern Ireland, said: “I cannot articulate how delighted we are that the Small Blue has been reconfirmed. Our volunteers have revisited the site sporadically over the past 16 years since the butterfly was last seen, with no success. We genuinely believed it was extinct from Northern Ireland.”

She said the Butterfly Conservation had followed up NIEA’s discovery with a further visit to the site, specifically to survey the extent of Kidney Vetch, the caterpillar's sole food plant, and to hunt for Small Blue eggs laid on the flower heads.  She added: “The outlook for the Small Blue is currently very positive, with plenty of the food plant across the site, lots of eggs for the coming season and most importantly, a landowner who is working to ensure this remains one of the most important wildlife sites in the country."


And after all the recent bad news for birds of prey here's some good news for a welcome change!

Hat-trick for Manchester peregrine pair with three chicks flying high - RSPB

Excitement has been caused by some new arrivals in the city – the famous Manchester peregrine pair have successfully raised three chicks this year, and the public are being encouraged to visit the viewpoint to see them in action.

Female peregrine at nest feeding chicks (Image: Chris Gomersall, RSPB)Female peregrine at nest feeding chicks (Image: Chris Gomersall, RSPB)

The news is welcomed by the RSPB and Manchester City Council who have been running the Manchester Peregrine Date with Nature project, which aims to bring the public closer to these remarkable birds, since 2007.

Marc Whiteside-Ehlen, RSPB Area Manager said: “It is fantastic that the peregrines have had three chicks this year. Peregrines had successfully nested in Manchester every year since the project began, but last year they sadly failed to breed. This makes the news this year even more exciting! The chicks were recently ringed and given a health check, which confirmed that all three of them are female. We’ll be watching them closely over the next few weeks as they fly above the city learning how to hunt.”


Rare hazel dormice reintroduced into a Warwickshire woodland – PTES

dormouse in hand (PTES)Wildlife charity People’s Trust for Endangered Species (PTES), Warwickshire Wildlife Trust and partners, are today [Tuesday 20 June] releasing 19 breeding pairs of rare hazel dormice (Muscardinus avellanarius) into an undisclosed woodland location in Warwickshire, near Royal Leamington Spa, in an attempt to stem the decline of this endangered species.

Image: PTES

With their soft caramel fur, furry tail and big black eyes, hazel dormice are without question one of Britain’s most endearing mammals, but sadly these charismatic creatures are also endangered. The decline can be attributed to the loss of woodland and hedgerow habitat, as well as changes to traditional countryside management practices. As a result, hazel dormice have become extinct from 17 English counties since the end of the 19th century and populations are declining. This is an animal in critical need of help.

Ian White, PTES’ Dormouse Officer explains: “Our dormouse conservation work involves managing a nationwide dormouse monitoring scheme, coordinating annual reintroductions and advising land owners about empathetic land management practices. The reintroductions are important for the long-term conservation of this species, as we’re restoring dormice to counties where they’ve been lost so that they can thrive again. This is a great start in beginning to combat their decline. Our approach also benefits a whole raft of other species including birds, bats and butterflies.”

Read about the PTES National Dormouse Monitoring Programme in CJS Focus


Report from Animal and Plant Health Agency - Wildlife: disease surveillance reports, 2017

Quarterly reports published by the GB Wildlife Disease Surveillance Partnership on the monitoring of disease in wildlife.


Survey – UK’s Disabled Cyclists – Wheels for Wellbeing

Wheels for Wellbeing has today (15/6) published the results of a national survey into the experiences of disabled cyclists.

Carried out between February and March this year, the survey gathered the views and experiences of disabled cyclists in order to better understand their issues and concerns, with 221 individuals taking part from around the UK. The results challenge some widely held assumptions about disabled people and cycling, whilst highlighting a clear need to carry out more research into this area.

The survey gathered data on the demographics of disabled cyclists, how regularly they cycle, their reasons for cycling and the kinds of cycles they are most likely to own. It also collected information on disabled cyclists’ ability to access cycling facilities and schemes, as well as looking at the key difficulties and challenges faced by disabled cyclists. A substantial amount of qualitative data and written evidence was also accumulated.

The survey revealed a range of positive and negative experiences encountered by disabled cyclists. 


Loch Leven water quality improves at landmark 25-year anniversary - Scottish Natural Heritage

Loch Leven’s water quality has improved hugely over the past 25 years, according to research carried out by NERC Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH), Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH) and partners.

Loch Leven (Credit SNH-Lorne Gill)Loch Leven (Credit SNH-Lorne Gill)

Twenty-five years ago, in June 1992, Loch Leven was visibly blighted by poisonous, blue-green algal blooms and murky water. The event became known locally as “Scum Saturday.” It was estimated to have cost the local community more than £1M in lost revenue.  Loch Leven is Scotland’s largest lowland loch and an internationally important wildlife site. As a result, there were strong calls for action to stop this algal blight happening again and plans to clean up the loch were put in place.

Levels of pollution, mainly caused by excessive amounts of phosphorus entering the loch, have been falling over the last 25 years. This has led to improvements in water clarity, increases in the abundance and diversity of aquatic plants, better habitat, and more food for fish and birds. The improved water clarity, in particular, illustrates this dramatic change, with visibility increasing from under 1m at its worst to now nearly 5m deep.

This restoration has come about from the many years of hard work by the catchment management group, formed 25 years ago. The group and many other local organisations have completed a number of innovative actions in the first catchment plan of its kind in Scotland. SNH, SEPA, Scottish Water and Perth & Kinross Council, and others in the community, have worked hard to improve the water quality of the loch.

Access the SNH Commissioned Report 962: Loch Leven nutrient load and source apportionment study


Baby kestrels found shaking at bottom of tree are on way to recovery - RSPCA

Three orphaned birds of prey which were found helpless at the bottom of a tree are being cared back to full health at an RSPCA wildlife centre in Cheshire.

A member of the public found the baby kestrels – initially thinking they were owls – shaking and frightened in the grounds of a residential home in Doncaster, on 5 June. They were collected by an RSPCA inspector and transferred to Stapeley Grange Wildlife Centre, in Nantwich, Cheshire.

Kestrel nestlings, (image: RSPCA)Kestrel nestlings, (image: RSPCA)

As they had very few feathers when they were found, they were classed as nestlings – meaning they were too young to leave the nest and were unlikely to survive long.  Since arriving at Stapeley, the trio – just weeks old – have gone from strength to strength and it is hoped that they will be successfully released back to the wild when they have gained more weight.

Lee Stewart, manager at Stapeley Grange, said: “We don’t get orphaned kestrels very often so it has been incredible to watch them develop as each day passes. When they were found, they were all shaking, one of them still hadn’t opened their eyes. But they are doing great and growing fast, even the smallest one is beginning to catch the other two up. They are currently being kept in isolation where they are weighed daily and fed four times a day. As soon as they are old enough they will be taken out to the main aviaries where they will be able to stretch their wings." 


Drowsy dormice doze into decline - University of Exeter

Britain’s population of hazel dormice, famed for their sleepy lifestyle, has declined by more than 70% in just over two decades, new research from the University of Exeter has shown.

Dedicated dormouse monitors have been counting the rodents in 26,000 nest boxes in 400 woodlands for more than 20 years.  Exeter conservation scientists have studied their records and identified a 72% decline from 1993 to 2014.

The causes of the decline are not well understood, and the research team is calling for an urgent appraisal of dormouse conservation.

Hazel dormouse (image: University of Exeter)Hazel dormouse (image: University of Exeter)

“Dormice are declining despite strict protection and widespread efforts to conserve one of Britain’s most endearing woodland mammals,” said the study’s lead author Cecily Goodwin, of the Environment and Sustainability Institute on the University of Exeter’s Penryn Campus in Cornwall.

The hazel dormouse is a UK Biodiversity Action Plan Priority Species and a European Protected Species.  The Exeter researchers said their findings suggested hazel dormice merit a national IUCN “Red List” classification.  “They are declining to such an extent that a precautionary approach would classify dormice as ‘Endangered’ in the UK,” said Goodwin.

Dormice are also nocturnal and often sleep for much of the day, enabling dormouse nest box monitors to make careful counts.

Professor Robbie McDonald, who leads the research team at the University of Exeter, said: “Dormice face a range of problems: Climate change and habitat loss are likely important, but we think that woodland management could also be key.  One possibility that we are currently researching, is that more active woodland management may be needed, not less.”

Access the paper: Goodwin, C. E. D., Hodgson, D. J., Al-Fulaij, N., Bailey, S., Langton, S. and Mcdonald, R. A. (2017), Voluntary recording scheme reveals ongoing decline in the United Kingdom hazel dormouse Muscardinus avellanarius population. Mam Rev. doi:10.1111/mam.12091


Lake District farmers bag a future for recycled plastic - Lake District National Park Authority

A long-running farm plastic offensive which has seen thousands of tonnes of waste recycled has had another bumper crop, thanks to around 50 farmers near Penrith.

Lake District farmers took part in the big collection at Troutbeck, in the east of the National Park, where large quantities of bale wrap, silage sheets, string and lick buckets saw almost 30 tonnes deposited.

reycling farm plastic (image: Lake District National Park)(image: Lake District National Park)

Organiser Lake District National Park ranger, Val Edmondson, praised farmers for their support and said once again the annual event had been a big success. She explained: “Agriculture produces masses of plastic these days and if it wasn’t disposed of properly would be harmful not just to animals but the environment as well. This is a really good example of how we work with our farmers to improve this special landscape for all to enjoy.   Farm plastic by its very design is not biodegradable. The only solution is recycling and we help make this happen by providing a collection point. We had five farmers queuing up with their loaded trailers at one point. Everyone benefits. Farmers get rid of their rubbish and the plastic remerges as invaluable plaswood, a material that doesn’t rot and is often used to build boardwalks."


Respectful countryside access promoted in new national campaign – Scottish Land & Estates

A new awareness campaign designed to encourage respectful access in rural Scotland has been launched by Scottish Land & Estates.

Care for the Countryside, an initiative backed by farmers, rural businesses and landowners, was unveiled today at the Royal Highland Show.

Three topics are the initial focus for campaign: responsible dog ownership, flytipping and responsible mountain-biking. The Care for the Countryside campaign is being supported by a range of organisations including Scottish Natural Heritage, Police Scotland, Zero Waste Scotland, Developing Mountain Biking in Scotland as well as the Scottish Government.

The initiative is backed by a new logo and publicity materials promoting safe and responsible access to the countryside, all designed to educate the public about the type of problems that exist but often go widely unreported - and what people can do to help address these issues.

Care for the Countryside has been developed after key, persistent difficulties were identified by those who live and work in rural areas. The awareness campaign around responsible dog ownership focuses on dog mess and livestock worrying, a trouble for farmers despite the efforts of agencies and Police Scotland to warn the public of the dangers that can occur.

Flytipping has also been selected, with many farmers and landowners experiencing this blight on our landscape. With urban fringe areas particularly susceptible to unscrupulous acts of rubbish dumping, this is a problem Scottish Land & Estates members have faced more and more regularly and in serious cases, it can lead to a scenario where a rural business finds itself liable for a bill of thousands of pounds to clean up land that has been flytipped.

Responsible mountain biking is the third area of the Care for the Countryside initiative. Mountain biking has enjoyed a boom in popularity but whilst the vast majority of riders who access rural land do so responsibly, there are increasing examples of where problems have occurred, with unauthorised trail building presenting a particular danger.


Rare spoonbills breed in Northern England for the first time – RSPB

Evidence of spoonbill breeding at Fairburn Ings – a first for Yorkshire and a first for an RSPB reserve.

Spoonbill eating ten-spined stickleback (image: RSPB)A rare bird usually found in southern and eastern Europe has hatched chicks for the first time in Northern England, at the RSPB’s Fairburn Ings reserve, near Leeds. 

Spoonbill eating ten-spined stickleback (image: RSPB)

An unforgettable sight, spoonbills are tall, white heron-like birds with black legs and an enormous spoon-shaped bill. They use this bill to sweep through the water from side to side, scouring for food.

Spoonbills had not nested regularly in the UK since the 1700s, however recent years have seen them slowly expanding their range north and returning to Britain once again. Birds are increasingly seen along the east coast of England, and one breeding colony has been established in East Anglia.

Darren Starkey, Senior Site Manager of RSPB Aire Valley, says: “To see a successful spoonbill nest is a very special event. Although we have occasional spoonbill sightings each year at Fairburn Ings - some travelling from as far as the Netherlands and Spain - none have successfully nested before, and never on an RSPB site. When we suspected they might be feeding chicks, the warden and volunteer team took turns keeping watch for feeding flights

“These spoonbill chicks – known here as ‘teaspoons’ – have been a long time coming, following a lot of hard habitat management work.  They’re currently hidden away deep in the vegetation but we hope they’ll be much more visible when they fledge.”

Because of their rarity, spoonbills are a specially protected bird in the UK, and their breeding presence at Fairburn Ings has been kept a secret – until now. They are of conservation concern due to lack of suitable habitats, water pollution, and drainage of wetlands for farming and tourism.


Launch of 2017 Park Protector Award - Campaign for National Parks

Launch of 2017 Award to celebrate projects that protect and improve the National Parks of England and Wales

Projects contributing to our beautiful National Parks could receive a £2,000 boost in recognition of their work thanks to the Campaign for National Park’s Park Protector Award. The Award celebrates the work being done in National Parks across England and Wales with the winner receiving a £2,000 bursary.

Nominations are being invited until Thursday 20 July. Nominated projects must be seeking to conserve or enhance the biodiversity of an area, restore heritage sites or protect an area in a National Park. 

For more information click here

Nominations are open until 20 July. Download an application form (PDF) 


Unauthorised structure on nature reserve removed - BBOWT

An unauthorised structure on Wildmoor Heath nature reserve near Crowthorne, that was used as a drinking den has been demolished by the local Wildlife Trust.

The Berks, Bucks & Oxon Wildlife Trust is responsible for the safety of all visitors to the nature reserve, and was very concerned about the unauthorised structure. It had been built by a local resident last autumn, initially for children to play on, but it had also attracted anti-social behaviour and vandalism.

The Wildlife Trust assessed the structure, which was found to be unsafe. Initial attempts to demolish it earlier this year were met with abusive and violent behaviour from people who did not want it to be removed.

Alex Cruickshank, Senior Land Manager for the Berks, Bucks, and Oxon Wildlife Trust, who assisted with the successful removal on Wednesday 21 June, said: “The whole area was littered with drink’s bottles and used condoms. The Fire Service had been called out to deal with three cases of arson in a week. It’s not something that we want on a nature reserve.”

Following the earlier attempt to remove the structure, vandalism on Wildmoor Heath had increased dramatically.


Trust to take care of Glenridding Common - John Muir Trust

Lake District National Park Authority agrees in principle to three-year management lease for Helvellyn and surrounding landscape  

Following an extensive public consultation, members of the Lake District National Park Authority (LDNPA) have agreed to lease Glenridding Common to the John Muir Trust subject to final terms being agreed.

Striding Edge (image: John Muir Trust)Striding Edge (image: John Muir Trust)

In a statement on 21 June, Richard Leafe, Chief Executive of LDNPA said, “At the Lake District National Park’s Authority meeting on 21 June 2017, members agreed to lease Glenridding Common to the charity the John Muir Trust. This follows a period of consultation earlier this year, which gave the community and key stakeholders an opportunity to understand more about the proposal. During this period we continued our discussions with the two commoners who graze the land and representatives from the farming community made useful contributions towards the content of the draft lease. We will now formalise a three-year lease and we are aiming for this to be in place from August 2017. The John Muir Trust and the National Park are jointly committed to caring for the common, including working with the local community, and we look forward to seeing how the Trust’s management will enhance and improve the environmental quality of this land.”

Andrew Bachell, Chief Executive for the John Muir Trust said: “The recent consultation has shown there is substantial support for the Trust to manage this special landscape. It has also allowed us to speak openly with those who raised questions and it’s been important in starting to develop a relationship and dialogue with the local commoners, farmers, residents and business community.  We’re looking forward to finalising the details of a lease and then having further conversations with local people and organisations to agree a management plan that will enhance and benefit the local area. We take the responsibility of managing this special landscape and respecting its cultural traditions seriously and feel delighted and privileged to have been given the opportunity to do so.” 


Long-distance footpath celebrates Britain’s original National Park - Peak District National Park

A new long-distance footpath, celebrating Britain’s original National Park, has been launched by Friends of the Peak District.

The 190-mile route stretches from South Pennine moorlands to the gentle limestone scenery of the Derbyshire Dales, embraces the urban edges of Sheffield and Oldham and takes in the rugged moorland of Staffordshire and the undulating slopes of Cheshire.

During the day, teams of walkers completed 20 stages of the walk, ‘first-footing’ the course in its entirety. The walk is the brainchild of Julie Gough, a keen walker and Friends of the Peak District’s fundraising and marketing co-ordinator.  Over the last two years, Julie and other Friends members have worked with volunteer walkers and writers to complete the project, which has also been funded by Tesco’s Bags of Help scheme and Marston’s Brewery. “One of the reasons for devising the route was to raise awareness of the edge of the National Park and its magnificent landscapes – and to encourage people to cherish and protect them,” says Julie. “The walk follows existing paths and trails and takes you away from the usual ‘honeypots’, into quieter, less well-known corners of the Park, giving you a new perspective on the Peak District.”

A new guidebook to accompany the walk has also been launched, edited by Peak District National Park member and outdoor writer, Andrew McCloy. The 'Peak District Boundary Walk: 190 miles around the edge of the national park' highlights many of the historical and current challenges faced by the Peak District and how the Friends have fought to protect it.

Peak District National Park chief executive Sarah Fowler commented: “This project brings the past into the present. Just as those who originally mapped the boundary decided it was a landscape worth protecting, today we are encouraged to enjoy the National Park and to care for it for future generations.” 


Taking forward Wales’ sustainable management of natural resources - Welsh Government consultation

The consultation seeks views on new regulatory approaches to the sustainable management of natural resources in Wales. Proposals include:

  • promotion of the circular economy
  • nature-based solutions
  • new markets and innovative mechanisms
  • smarter regulation

Consultation End Date: 13 September 2017 Take part here. 


New look for updated Marine Code - Scottish Natural Heritage

A best practice code for watching marine wildlife around Scotland’s coasts has been revised, updated and re-launched by Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH).

Dolphin watching (image: © Ben James via SNH)The Scottish Marine Wildlife Watching Code (SMWWC) aims to promote enjoyment of marine wildlife and raise awareness about the best ways to watch animals including dolphins, birds, seals, otters, whales and basking sharks. It provides guidance on how best to enjoy watching these animals without disturbing or harming them.

Dolphin watching (image: © Ben James via SNH)

The code, originally launched in 2006, has been updated to reflect changes in legislation, advances in technology and updated contacts.

The SMWWC is complemented by a 62 page Guide to Best Practice for Watching Marine Wildlife. Packed with superb photos, the guide provides additional information about the animals you are most likely to see in the seas around Scotland, along with practical guidance on responsible behaviour around these animals.

The Code and the Guide to Best Practice are available at www.snh.gov.uk/marinecode


Scientific Publications

Broughton, R. K. & Alker, P. J. (2017) Separating British Marsh Tits Poecile palustris and Willow Tits P. montana using a new feature trialled in an online survey. Ringing & Migration. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03078698.2017.1324000   


Johnson, A. L., Borowy, D. and Swan, C. M., Land use history and seed dispersal drive divergent plant community assembly patterns in urban vacant lots. J Appl Ecol. Accepted Author Manuscript. doi:10.1111/1365-2664.12958


M. Bhardwaj, K. Soanes, T.M. Straka, J.J. Lahoz-Monfort, L.F. Lumsden, R. van der Ree, Differential use of highway underpasses by bats, Biological Conservation, Volume 212, Part A, August 2017, Pages 22-28, ISSN 0006-3207, doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2017.05.022. 


Andrej Christian Lindholst, A review of the outcomes from contracting out urban green space maintenance: What we know, don’t know and should know, Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Available online 23 June 2017, ISSN 1618-8667, DOI: 10.1016/j.ufug.2017.06.012. 


Pereira JL, Vidal T, Mendes C, et al. Invasive Asian clam distribution pattern reveals minimal constraints to downstream dispersal and imperceptible ecological impacts. Aquatic Conserv: Mar Freshw Ecosyst. 2017;1–12. DOI: 10.1002/aqc.2777 


Sacha K. Heath, Candan U. Soykan, Karen L. Velas, Rodd Kelsey, Sara M. Kross, A bustle in the hedgerow: Woody field margins boost on farm avian diversity and abundance in an intensive agricultural landscape, Biological Conservation, Volume 212, Part A, August 2017, Pages 153-161, ISSN 0006-3207, DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2017.05.031.


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Disclaimer: the views expressed in these news pages do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of CJS.