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A round up of the top countryside, conservation, wildlife and forestry stories as chosen by the CJS Team.


logo: British Wildlife Photography AwardsBritish Wildlife Photography Awards 2016  


The 2016 Competition is Open for Entries 


Your chance to win a prestigious award, with a cash first prize of £5,000 and reach millions through national exposure. Help raise awareness about British wildlife and celebrate our natural heritage. Winners and commended entrants will have their work showcased in a touring exhibition and stunning book, and will be invited to an exclusive Awards ceremony in London.

The £20,000 prize fund includes products from lead sponsor Canon.   

The awards recognise the talents of photographers practising in Britain whilst also highlighting the great wealth and diversity of British natural history. A celebration of British wildlife as well as a showcase for photographers and videographers, both amateur and professional.  

Categories: There are fifteen separate categories including animal behaviour, urban wildlife, habitat, animal portraits, marine life, the hidden secret world that lies in the undergrowth and a special award for wildlife in HD Video. Also two junior categories - to encourage young people to connect with nature through photography.  CJS is delighted to once again be sponsoring the Botanical Britain category 

Wildlife in HD Video: In addition to still photography there is a great opportunity to capture wildlife in action and win an amazing prize. Be inspired by the video winner and commended entries in 2015.  

Young People’s Awards  WildPix / BWPA, sponsored by RSPB Wildlife Explorers.  Entry is free for all young photographers with two age groups.    

Chris Packham, Naturalist and TV Presenter said "Each year the British Wildlife Photography Awards generates an incredible catalogue of splendid, exciting, imaginative and artistic images, proving beyond doubt that we have the richest palette of life to celebrate in our own backyard. Anyone passionate about protecting and preserving wildlife will be inspired by the British Wildlife Photography Awards, which in its sixth year has done more than any other award to raise the profile of British wildlife. " 


Energy, water, environment and food policy in the spotlight at new research centre backed by NERC - NERC

Finding new ways to understand how the lives of people in the UK are affected by government decisions is a central aim of the new Centre for the Evaluation of Complexity Across the Nexus (CECAN).

Based at the University of Surrey and initiated by leading UK bodies, including two research councils, Defra and the Environment Agency, its research will aid future decision-making on complex policy affecting a wide range of issues such as flooding and drainage, farming, housing and transport.

These policy areas operate within complex settings and require a robust approach to their evaluation. Each member of the core CECAN team is a world-leading researcher in their field, has worked with policymakers or in policy-relevant areas, and has already contributed to pioneering methodological approaches to policy evaluation.

Led by Director Nigel Gilbert, Professor of Sociology, the centre will launch on Tuesday 1 March, ahead of a public launch event this summer.

NERC's chief executive, Professor Duncan Wingham said: "Policies across energy, environment, food and water are particularly challenging to evaluate because they intervene in already complex systems - the centre will need to draw on an in-depth understanding of these systems. Our support for the centre speaks directly to NERC's strategic priority of addressing the challenges of managing our environment responsibly, using NERC's research as a robust evidence-base for environmental policy."

CECAN is backed by £2·45m funding provided by NERC and the Economic & Social Research Council (ESRC), in collaboration with Defra, the Department of Energy & Climate Change, the Environment Agency and the Food Standards Agency. Work at CECAN will include developing and improving methods for the evaluation of policies in complex settings; piloting these methods on a range of evaluation projects; organising educational programmes for practitioners, academics and policymakers; and publishing guides and toolkits for evaluators, those commissioning evaluations, and policy audiences.  Along with its core centre team, a network of academic and non-academic fellows and associates will join the centre for weeks or months. They will offer expert advice on areas that need specialist input for particular policy initiatives and innovations.


The UK's most loved trees do battle in European competition - Woodland Trust

The Cubbington Pear Tree (Photo: F Wilmot/WTML)The Cubbington Pear Tree (Photo: F Wilmot/WTML)

Four of our most inspiring trees need your votes to be in with a chance of winning the European Tree of the Year contest which begins today, 1 February.

Run by the Environmental Partnership Association, the voting mechanism is straightforward: the tree with the most public votes at the end of February will win.

Our hopes lie with the Cubbington Pear Tree in Warwickshire, threatened by the proposed HS2 route, Peace Tree in Belfast, Suffragette Oak in Glasgow and ‘Survival at the Cutting Edge’, an oak tree in the National Botanic Garden of Wales. All were chosen in public votes in the autumn, organised with support from players of People's Postcode Lottery.

Beccy Speight, Woodland Trust Chief Executive, said:

“We’d love to see one of our trees be crowned European Tree of the Year so please take a moment to cast your vote. We also need to emulate the value and reverence placed on old trees elsewhere in Europe to ensure ours have similar levels of recognition and protection.”

Alongside the four UK entries, other nominations from elsewhere in Europe include Canicosa’s Pine-Oak in Spain, which has seen a Scots pine grow inside the trunk of a Pyrenean Oak, the Oak of Bolko in Poland which has associations with the origins of the Polish State and the Tamme-Lauri Oak, said to be the oldest tree in Estonia.

Find out more about our nominations and place your vote


Forestry Commission England reveals their top 10 reasons why they love trees

To celebrate St Valentine’s Day, Forestry Commission England has revealed their top 10 reasons why they love trees, along with the top 10 most romantic walks from across the public forest estate.
The poet Joyce Kilmer once wrote “I think that I shall never see a poem lovely as a tree…” and here at Forestry Commission England we find it hard to disagree.
Trees mean something to everyone; and with the myths, fairy tales, and history that surrounds them, we believe it makes woods and forests some of the most romantic places on earth.
Click through to read the ten favourite reasons to love trees, we hope you love them too!


World Wetlands Day: A New Vision for Hickling – Broads Authority

As World Wetlands Day is celebrated today (Tuesday 2 Feb), work gets underway to repair reed habitats on iconic Hickling Broad as part of a new vision to enhance the broad for wildlife and water users.

And the full vision, which was originally developed with the Upper Thurne Working Group and has been agreed by partner organisations and stakeholders, will be delivered through a long term project if funding can be secured.

In the meantime the Broads Authority is creating new reed islands and restoring a sensitive and badly eroded reed margin habitat using novel geotextiles and engineering techniques. And the project is helping to keep access to local facilities, including the boatyard, pub and the Hickling Sailing Club by dredging 3,500 cubic metres from the marked channel this winter.

Wetlands for our Future: Sustainable Livelihoods was selected as the theme for World Wetlands Day in 2016 to demonstrate the vital role of wetlands for the future of humanity and their relevance to sustainable development.

Andrea Kelly, Senior Ecologist said the Hickling project linked in well with this theme, offering benefits for people, wildlife and the local economy. She said: “This project is a win-win for wetland wildlife and the people who enjoy it as well as the businesses around the River Thurne area of the Broads that depend on the careful management of Hickling.”

Working with conservation partners, including the Norfolk Wildlife Trust, Natural England, the Environment Agency and local landowners the aspirations for the Hickling Broad long-term vision are:

  • improved waterway depths
  • improved aquatic environment in sheltered bays providing more reed bed areas, better water quality, water plants and higher numbers of water birds
  • beneficial reuse of dredged material in island construction and bank restoration
  • improved understanding by local communities, visitors and partners of the importance of undertaking integrated waterway management projects to enhance the special qualities of the Broads


Man-made climate change helped cause 2013/14 UK floods – Centre for Ecology & Hydrology

Human-induced climate change increased the risk of severe storms like those that hit the south of England in the winter of 2013/14, causing devastating flooding.

That’s according to new analysis from an international team of climate scientists, led by researchers at Oxford University and including scientists working for the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology. The research is published in the journal Nature Climate Change.

The research comprised an end-to-end study looking at the event from start to finish, taking in atmospheric circulation, rainfall, river flow, inundation, and properties at risk. During the 2013/14 floods, the worst-affected areas were Somerset, Devon, Dorset and Cornwall in the south west, and the Thames Valley in the south east.

Flooding at Wallingford bridge in 2014 (CEH)Flooding at Wallingford bridge in 2014 (CEH)

The study concluded:

  • that anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions increased the risk of the once-a-century wet January in 2014 by 43% (uncertainty range: 0 to 160%).
  • the increase in extreme rainfall that led to the flooding in 2013/14 was the result of two factors associated with global warming: an increase in the water-holding capacity of the atmosphere (a thermodynamic factor) and more January days with westerly air flow (a dynamic factor). Approximately two thirds of the increased risk could be attributed to thermodynamic changes in the atmosphere, and one third to dynamic changes.
  • for the Thames river catchment, hydrological modelling showed that the heightened risk of rainfall found in the meteorological modelling led to an increase in the peak 30-day river flow of 21% (uncertainty range: -17 to 133%) and flood risk mapping showed about 1000 more properties at risk of flooding (uncertainty range: -4000 to 8000).

The research made use of the weather@home citizen-science project, part of Oxford’s climateprediction.net climate modelling experiment, to model possible weather for January 2014 in both the current climate and one in which there was no human influence on the atmosphere. Researchers analysed more than a hundred thousand simulations of possible rainfall in the UK run by citizens from all over the world. The analysis also used the CLASSIC semi-distributed rainfall-runoff modelling system developed at CEH, and the CEH-Gridded Estimates of Areal Rainfall dataset.


NTS squirrel census sees reds return

A survey by conservation charity the National Trust for Scotland has found that red squirrels have been spotted once again at properties in Perthshire and Fife, after years of absence.
Expert conservationists say this is good news for the red squirrel, which for decades, has been losing territory to non-native grey squirrels. However, the charity says that the future is still far from secure for red squirrels and Highland havens could help in their long-term survival. 
The Trust carried out the survey in late 2015 to establish which squirrels were found on its land across Scotland. For the first time in over 5 years, staff and volunteers at Branklyn Garden in Perth and Falkland Palace in Fife have reported reds – a positive sign which demonstrates that the work to control grey squirrels around these areas is working. At the House of Dun, staff are capturing many more shots of red squirrels on trail cameras, but unfortunately, they also filmed a grey squirrel for the first time recently, which is of major concern.
The census found that there were red squirrels at 29 Trust properties, and grey squirrels at 32 places. 
National Trust for Scotland Nature Adviser, Mr Lindsay Mackinlay said: “The recent census of our properties has shown that red squirrels are holding their own, and even thriving in many cases. We've had some real successes in our Aberdeenshire, Perthshire and Fife properties, where we have seen the near disappearance of grey squirrels from places like Crathes and Drum after years of seeing them expand in numbers, whilst we have seen reds return in other places.” 


Green space: Satellite data transforms environmental protection - Defra

Environment Secretary Elizabeth Truss explains how satellite data can help protect and improve our natural environment

Image: DefraImage: Defra

Europe’s first ever satellite programme designed to continuously monitor our planet’s health is now helping to protect and improve the UK’s precious natural environment, Environment Secretary Elizabeth Truss announced today (Tuesday 2 Feb).

Information from the Copernicus Earth Observation programme, launched by the European Union and European Space Agency, is being used by Defra to improve understanding of our environment and better inform our work to manage it.

Following record December rainfall in the north of England, Sentinel-1, one of the first two orbiting satellites in the programme, was activated to support the emergency response by providing rapid data on flooded farms and helping with recovery efforts.

Six pilot research projects across Defra are also uncovering how satellite and Earth observation data can help improve water quality, increase biodiversity and manage our forests and woodland. One project will see the creation of ‘Living Maps’, plotting natural features such as grasslands, marshes and woodland so we can better manage nature, improve pollination and reduce erosion in areas that need it most.

The new data could also help us manage our agricultural landscapes and speed up payments to farmers under the Common Agricultural Policy.

Today Defra hosted an Earth Observation and Open Data event, which brought together academics, government and the private sector to explore future applications of this data.


National flood resilience review: call for evidence - defra consultations

We’re seeking published evidence that we can use in the national flood resilience review, announced in December 2015. This call for evidence focuses on the need to carry out an assessment of the damage that extreme rainfall could cause across England.

We’re looking for people to tell us about evidence that is already published. This is not a call for views. We are interested in evidence that is available now and can be submitted by our deadline.

Closes 4 March

More information and submit evidence here.


European Parliament calls for tougher measures in the EU's Biodiversity Strategy - IUCN

Brussels, 2 February 2016 - The chance that Europe’s Nature Directives will be revised, has slimmed further. With an impressive majority, today’s plenary session of the European Parliament in Strasbourg adopted its own report on the EU Mid-Term Review of the 2020 Biodiversity Strategy. The European Parliament calls upon the Commission and the EU Member States to fully implement the Habitats and Birds Directives, restore ecosystems and promote Nature Based Solutions, in order to halt the ongoing loss of biodiversity in Europe by 2020.

Sadly, the European Union is still not on the right path to reach this main objective of the 2020 Biodiversity Strategy. Though there have been some successes, biodiversity loss in the EU continues. Actions must be accelerated to reach the target.
According to the IUCN European Red List, more than a quarter of around 10,000 European species are now threatened with extinction.
Luc Bas, Director of the IUCN European Regional Office in Brussels, comments on the vote by the European Parliament: “This is a strong signal that the Commission needs to focus on supporting faster and better implementation of the Nature Directives. The EU and the Member States can only halt the loss of biodiversity if they implement the rules they have established themselves years ago.”


Surrey’s water voles feared “extinct” - Surrey Wildlife Trust

Surrey Wildlife Trust has found no evidence of water voles in Surrey’s waterways.

Once the commonest British mammal, with eight million water voles in the UK a century ago, they are now the fastest declining mammal and feared to be functionally extinct in Surrey, following a county-wide survey undertaken by the Trust in 2015.   Water voles were last recorded in Surrey in 2008 and recent evidence suggests they have suffered a catastrophic decline across Britain, disappearing from 94% of their former sites.

Water Vole (image: Alex Learmont/ Surrey Wildlife Trust)Water Vole (image: Alex Learmont/ Surrey Wildlife Trust)

This devastating decline in water vole numbers in Surrey is due to a number of reasons, mainly predation and habitat loss.  The invasive American Mink, the water vole’s main predator, was first imported into the UK in the 1920’s for the fur trade, but a steady stream of escapes and later releases mean that mink are present on many of our rivers.  They are agile, adept swimmers and can squeeze down a water vole’s burrow making them extremely effective predators.  Many of the riverside habitats in Surrey have been modified by humans in some way, leading to the gradual loss of the natural, meandering river habitat with wide swathes of leafy vegetation needed by water voles.  Aside from the obvious impact on animals where habitat is destroyed, the remaining populations also become isolated which leaves them vulnerable to other threats from predators, disease, pollution and extreme fluctuations in water levels. 

During 2015, Surrey Wildlife Trust established the Water Vole Recovery Project to record sightings, revitalize riverbank habitat, advise on river and ditch management, and where necessary, coordinate mink control.  The aim of the project is to re-establish a water vole population or re-introduce them if necessary.  To date, a total of 64 water vole surveys have been carried out by Surrey Wildlife staff and 37 trained volunteers.  Forty-four surveys took place on sites with past records of water voles and the remaining 20 were on areas either with suitable water vole habitat or anecdotal records of the species.

Alex Learmont, Water Vole Project Officer, said “We are very concerned that the water vole could be functionally extinct in Surrey. SWT has already been working hard with dedicated volunteers through catchment partnerships by restoring our degraded rivers, managing bankside vegetation and monitoring pollution levels”.

Surveys will continue during the water vole breeding season (April-Sept) in 2016.  It is hoped that this will continue to shed light on the status of the water vole in Surrey.  However, the continuing lack of records despite concerted survey efforts indicates the species is seriously threatened and may already be functionally extinct in the county.


Loss of wild flowers across Britain matches pollinator decline, first ever Britain wide study reveals - BBSRC

The first ever Britain-wide assessment of the value of wild flowers as food for pollinators shows that decreasing resources mirror the decline of pollinating insects, providing new evidence to support the link between plant and pollinator decline.

In recent years, there have been considerable concerns over threats to wild bees and other insect pollinators which are vital to the success of important food crops and wild flowers.  Amongst the many pressures facing pollinators, a key factor is likely to be decreasing floral resources in Britain.

The study, published today in Nature combines vegetation survey data recorded over the last 80 years with modern day measurements of nectar to provide the most comprehensive assessment ever published. In the study, researchers from the University of Bristol and University of Leeds worked with scientists from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology and Fera Science Ltd, to find substantial losses to nectar resources in England and Wales between the 1930s and 1970s – a period closely linked with agricultural intensification.  By 1978, the researchers discovered that nectar resources had stabilised, and actually increased from 2000. The findings complement indications suggesting that declines in pollinator diversity slowed down or partially reversed over that period.

Professor Jane Memmott, University of Bristol, said: “Over the last few decades despite stabilisation, the diversity of nectar sources has declined – a trend seemingly mirrored in the diversity of pollinator species.”

The study also focused on the type of habitats most beneficial for pollinators, highlighting arable land as the poorest source of nectar: both in terms of amount and the diversity of sources. Improved grasslands could however contribute the most to national nectar supply if management favoured greater flowering of plants such as white clover.   This study provides new evidence for policy makers to help restore national nectar supplies for our important insect pollinators.

Access the paper: Mathilde Baude, et al Historical nectar assessment reveals the fall and rise of floral resources in Britain.  Nature  doi:10.1038/nature16532


Missing Scottish osprey finds his place in the sun - Scottish Wildlife Trust

Staff and volunteers at the Scottish Wildlife Trust, Scotland's leading nature conservation charity, were thrilled to discover that an osprey born on one of its wildlife reserves three years ago has been spotted alive and well in Senegal, West Africa. 

Blue YD on Lompoul Beach (image: ©John Wright/Rutland Osprey Project)Blue YD on Lompoul Beach (image: ©John Wright/Rutland Osprey Project)

The osprey, known as Blue YD, was spotted by staff and volunteers from sister charity, the Leicestershire & Rutland Wildlife Trust, which runs the Rutland Osprey Project. The Rutland team has been visiting West Africa since 2011 as part of their Osprey Flyways Project which aims to educate African school children on the incredible story of osprey migration.

During this year’s trip, the team travelled to Lompoul sur Mer, western Senegal, to locate another satellite-tagged female bird from Rutland known as 30(05). It was here, on a 30km stretch of white sandy beach where around 100 ospreys spend their winters, that the chance encounter with Blue YD took place.

Three-year-old male bird, Blue YD was tagged with a light-weight satellite tracker in July 2012 at one of the Scottish Wildlife Trust’s reserves near Forfar, Angus. Since the tag stopped transmitting in May 2014, the project has relied on very occasional eye-witness reports of Blue YD's travels, which have placed him at various times in North Yorkshire, St Andrews and now Senegal, where he will spend the winter months.

John Wright, Field Officer for the Rutland Osprey Project, said: “This is the second visit I’ve made to Lompoul sur Mer and both times I’ve counted around one hundred ospreys consisting of many German and Scottish birds. It was fantastic to see that Blue YD was alive and well. He’ll no doubt be enjoying the final few weeks of warmth before he makes his way back to the UK for the breeding season at the end of March.”

Jonathan Pinnick, Assistant Manager at the Scottish Wildlife Trust’s Loch of the Lowes Visitor Centre, which is world-famous for its ospreys, said: “It’s wonderful to learn more about the life of a bird that we have followed since it was a fledgling and it shows the value of tagging in allowing us to track the life history of individual birds. Perhaps he will be spotted back in Angus this summer, hopefully breeding and helping the continued recovery of the osprey population in Scotland.”


Stop Moving Stones - Snowdonia National Park 

Snowdonia National Park Wardens are appealing to walkers to stop moving stones and building cairns on the mountains.

Over the years it has become customary to build cairns on mountains in order to identify paths and junctions or dangerous places. But recently, it has become customary for walkers to identify the routes they have taken by placing a stone on a pile of stones and in doing so, creating a cairn. On Cadair Idris, it has become such a problem, that the Senior Warden for South Snowdonia is organising a day of reducing cairns, their size and number, with the help of volunteers.

“It’s quite a problem on Cadair Idris," said Simon Roberts. "As the cairns are built, stone by stone, the footpaths are eroding and the fragile landscape is being damaged. Footpaths widen and the cost of maintaining the footpaths increase. But, even more dangerous, they can mislead walkers, especially in fog. Later this year, we will begin to rationalize the cairns, but in the meantime we are appealing to walkers to stop moving the stones on the mountains.”

Warden Myfyr Tomos added, “On the Tŷ Nant footpath, within less than a mile between Rhiw Gwredydd and Bwlch y Cyfrwy, there are 102 cairns, and at the base of each cairn a very large hole where stones have been lifted from the path and adjacent land. Some of the stones are huge and the cairns are increasing every week. We need to ensure that future generations can enjoy walking the paths and mountains of Snowdonia and therefore reducing erosion by encouraging people not to move the stones, is a way of contributing to this.”

Paul Williams, Manager of the Cadair Idris Nature Reserve on behalf of Natural Resources Wales said, “’Building’ cairns has been of great concern over a number of years – the practice, by now, is totally unreasonable, creating scars on some of our most significant landscapes."


RSPB Scotland snaps up nature reserve at most northern point of British mainland - RSPB

Dunnet Head (image: RSPB)Dunnet Head (image: RSPB)

RSPB Scotland has announced that it has purchased the nature reserve at Dunnet Head, which is the northernmost point of mainland Britain, after receiving a grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund.

The dramatic coastal headland of Caithness, which boasts three-hundred feet-high cliffs, is home to thousands of breeding seabirds like puffins, guillemots, razorbills, fulmars and kittiwakes.  The conservation charity has been leasing and managing the 40-acre site as a reserve since May 2008, but has now come to an agreement with the previous owner, Mr Ben Colson, to buy what it hopes will be a popular showcase for the country’s marine wildlife.

Dunnet Head Nature Reserve lies approximately 13 miles east of Thurso and commands dramatic views across the Pentland Firth and towards the islands of Orkney.

RSPB Scotland site manager, Dave Jones, said: “Dunnet Head really is an amazing place. The views across to Orkney are absolutely stunning, but for us, the most important aspect is the breeding seabirds and the opportunity this sites gives visitors to see these charismatic birds. Many of our seabird species are in serious decline so it is crucial that their breeding sites are properly protected.  We are delighted to be taking over as custodians for this special place. Ben Colson and his family have cared for Dunnet Head for many years and, like Ben, we wish to see this amazing seabird city looked after for future generations to enjoy.”

Ben Colson said: “We owned the land at Dunnet Head for over a quarter of a century and our objective throughout has been to ensure that it is not commercially developed. So, whilst sad to be ending our relationship with the headland, we are delighted to have been able to agree this sale with RSPB Scotland who I am confident will ensure it continues as a place of wild beauty.”


The First Barn Owl Directory - Barn Owl Trust

This week the Barn Owl Trust launched the first ever UK Barn Owl Directory. This allows visitors to the BOT website to select by region, groups and individuals to help with local conservation advice, Barn Owl casualties or Barn Owl surveys for planning applications.

By clicking on the map you can select the area of the country you’re interested in and see the counties where local contacts are available under each heading:

  • Barn Owl conservation: independent groups & projects who encourage / monitor wild Barn Owls / erect nestboxes / give land management advice / BTO ringing.
  • Barn Owl carers: take in casualty owls / asess / treat / rehabilitate / release / provide sanctuary.
  • Barn Owl surveys: Ecological Consultants trained by the Barn Owl Trust to assess development sites, design mitigation strategies for Barn Owls and produce reports to aid your planning application.

This is a first for the UK and a great step forward in networking for the benefit of Barn Owls nationally and for folk that want to get advice or help from someone in their area 


Man-made underwater sound may have wider ecosystem effects than previously thought - University of Southampton

Underwater sound linked to human activity could alter the behaviour of seabed creatures that play a vital role in marine ecosystems, according to new research from the University of Southampton.

The study, reported in the journal Scientific Reports published by Nature, found that exposure to sounds that resemble shipping traffic and offshore construction activities results in behavioural responses in certain invertebrate species that live in the marine sediment.

These species make a crucial contribution to the seabed ecosystem as their burrowing and bioirrigation activities (how much the organism moves water in and out of the sediment by its actions) are crucial in nutrient recycling and carbon storage.

The study showed that some man-made sounds can cause certain species to reduce irrigation and sediment turnover. Such reductions can lead to the formation of compacted sediments that suffer reduced oxygen, potentially becoming anoxic (depleted of dissolved oxygen and a more severe condition of hypoxia), which may have an impact on seabed productivity, sediment biodiversity and also fisheries production.

Lead author Martin Solan, Professor in Marine Ecology, said: “Coastal and shelf environments support high levels of biodiversity that are vital in mediating ecosystem processes, but they are also subject to noise associated with increasing levels of offshore human activity. Previous work has almost exclusively focussed on direct physiological or behavioural responses in marine mammals and fish, and has not previously addressed the indirect impacts of sound on ecosystem properties.  Our study provides evidence that exposing coastal environments to anthropogenic sound fields is likely to have much wider ecosystem consequences than are presently understood.” 


Scientific Publications

Eason, T., Garmestani, A. S., Stow, C. A., Rojo, C., Alvarez-Cobelas, M., Cabezas, H. (2016), Managing for resilience: an information theory-based approach to assessing ecosystems. Journal of Applied Ecology. doi: 10.1111/1365-2664.12597


Bennie, J., Davies, T. W., Cruse, D. and Gaston, K. J. (2016), Ecological effects of artificial light at night on wild plants. J Ecol. Accepted Author Manuscript. doi:10.1111/1365-2745.12551


Azarakhsh Rafiee, Eduardo Dias, Eric Koomen, Local Impact of Tree Volume on Nocturnal Urban Heat Island: A Case Study in Amsterdam, Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, DOI: 10.1016/j.ufug.2016.01.008.


Naura, M. et al (2016) Mapping habitat indices across river networks using spatial statistical modelling of River Habitat Survey data. Ecological Indicators. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.01.019


Broughton, R. K., Burgess, M. D., Dadam, D., Hebda, G., Bellamy, P. E. & Hinsley, S. A. (2016) Morphology, geographical variation and the subspecies of Marsh Tit Poecile palustris in Britain and central Europe. Bird Study. DOI: 10.1080/00063657.2015.1132187


Martinig, April Robin & Bélanger-Smith, Katrina. Factors influencing the discovery and use of wildlife passages for small fauna. Journal of Applied Ecology DOI:10.1111/1365-2664.12616 


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