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A round up of the top countryside, conservation, wildlife and forestry stories as chosen by the CJS Team.


News from over the Christmas break

Helping Yorkshire’s natural world - Heritage Lottery Fund 

More than a quarter of a million pounds from the Heritage Lottery Fund (HLF) will allow people across Yorkshire to unearth the fascinating and surprising range of undiscovered natural heritage in the county.

Projects in Sheffield, Leeds, York and Ryedale will create new habitats, improve facilities for wildlife watchers and explore the untold stories behind a local park and gardens, reconnecting people of all ages with natural heritage on their doorstep. Volunteers and local people will be at the heart of all four projects. 

Fiona Spiers, Head of Heritage Lottery Fund Yorkshire and the Humber, said: “These four latest projects vary in size and location but what they all have in common is a celebration of the region’s wealth of beautiful parks, gardens and wildlife sites. It’s thanks to National Lottery players that we can continue to raise awareness of such biodiversity and help local people protect it for future generations.” 


Boosting farm yields to restore habitats could create greenhouse gas ‘sink' - Rothamsted Institute

Using UK data study shows that raising farm yields and allowing ‘spared’ land to be reclaimed for woodlands and wetlands could offset greenhouse gas produced by farming industry

New research into the potential for sparing land from food production to balance greenhouse gas emissions has shown that emissions from the UK farming industry could be largely offset by 2050. This could be achieved if the UK increased agricultural yields and coupled this with expanding the areas of natural forests and wetlands to match its European neighbours.

The new study suggests that by upping forest cover from 12% to 30% of UK land over the next 35 years – close to that of France and Germany, but still less than the European average – and restoring 700,000 hectares of wet peatland, these habitats would act as a carbon ‘sink’: sucking in and storing carbon.

This could be enough to meet government targets of 80% greenhouse gas reduction by 2050 for the farming industry. Agriculture currently produces around 10% of all the UK’s damaging greenhouse gas emissions.   The new woodlands and wetlands would be more than just a carbon sink, say researchers. They would help support declining UK wildlife – including many species of conservation concern – provide more areas for nature recreation, and help to reduce flooding.  However, to make space for habitat restoration, and to meet rising levels of food demand, land sparing would depend on increases in farm yields, so that food needs can be met from less farmland.

The new study, published today in the journal Nature Climate Change, is the first to show that land sparing has the technical potential to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions at a national scale. 

Access the paper here: Anthony Lamb et al The potential for land sparing to offset greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture.  Nature Climate Change doi:10.1038/nclimate2910


‘Ratty’ hangs on as more mink are trapped - British Association for Shooting and Conservation 

Endangered water voles are surviving on two Welsh rivers following a successful BASC-led campaign to control mink.

Water vole (Picture courtesy of www.northeastwildlife.co.uk)Water vole (Picture courtesy of www.northeastwildlife.co.uk)

A survey of the rivers Soch and Geirch, on the Llyn peninsula, has provided positive evidence for the elusive mammals, whose national population levels have declined 90 per cent since the 1990s. Water voles had virtually disappeared on the rivers of North Wales other than on some key sites. However, volunteers have again found signs of voles at locations identified in the last survey.

Water voles are often mistakenly called water rats and were immortalised by Ratty in Wind in the Willows. The alien North American mink has been key to their decline and BASC began a co-ordinated programme of mink control on the Llyn after a survey in 2011. In the last four years, more than 50 mink have been culled on the peninsula.

To be effective, water vole surveys rely on volunteers painstakingly searching river edges to hunt for droppings and feeding piles which betray their presence.

Audrey Watson, BASC’s Green Shoots Wales officer, and volunteers from Gwynedd CC, Natural Resources Wales, local enthusiasts and students found evidence on both rivers, and one volunteer spotted a water vole swimming in the river at Llanengan.

Audrey said: “We were very excited to find water vole feeding piles and latrines, as the vegetation was very high and we were finding lots of field vole signs. We did worry that we were going to come up empty handed. However, we found signs of the 2011 population in roughly the same stretch of rivers so were heartened to realise they are still there. It looks as though our mink control work is having an effect.  We will start surveying again in May when the vegetation is much lower and the water voles start their breeding season. Hopefully, we will find even more signs”.

BASC vice-chairman Mike Sherman said: “This work is undertaken in partnership with a range of organisations and with funding from Natural Resources Wales. It demonstrates the way that people who shoot are willing to work with others to improve our countryside and to improve habitat and wildlife management in Wales.”


National Park landowners sign up for fresh peatland restoration projects - Loch Lomond and The Trossachs National Park

Flooding during December in the north of England and Scotland is yet again pulling climate change into sharp focus, so Loch Lomond & The Trossachs National Park and four landowners in the Park have welcomed confirmation of £249,000 funding from Scottish Natural Heritage’s Peatland ACTION Project for restoration of peat bogs totalling some 35kms.

The money will be spent on conservation measures including landscaping to reduce exposed peat and the installation of peat dams to restore water levels in blanket bogs, which are vital to carbon capture and provide habitats for many important Scottish species.   Scotland’s peat bogs store ten times the carbon of all Britain’s forests combined – the equivalent of 16200 million tonnes. In addition, bogs in good condition are great regulators of water as they can store and release water slowly and steadily, lowering flood risk.

reprofiling peatland Beinn Dubh Luss Estates (image: LLTNPA)reprofiling peatland Beinn Dubh Luss Estates (image: LLTNPA)

The restoration of sites including Beinn Dubh above Glen Luss, Auchtertyre near Strathfillan and Glen Dochart at Crianlarich will involve blocking gullies, which prevents peat from drying out and releasing carbon into the atmosphere. This will also improve mountain vegetation for local wildlife. In addition, eroded areas of bare peat will be re-planted to stabilise the surface.   Luss Estates and SRUC have previously received funding from Peatland ACTION with help from the National Park and work carried out earlier this year. Auchlyne & Suie are joining them in receiving this fresh funding together with one other. 

Simon Jones, Director of Conservation and Visitor Operations at Loch Lomond & The Trossachs National Park, said:  “As part of Scottish Government’s commitment to restoring peatland, we are delighted that land in Loch Lomond & The Trossachs National Park will benefit from further support for this important work to help tackle climate change and protect our valuable natural capital.    Peatlands take thousands of years to form, but can become eroded through a combination of the elements and overgrazing by livestock and wild deer.  These projects require significant manpower and machinery and National Park staff will now work with the landowners to start the restoration process as soon as possible.”


Longest stretch of England's coastline to open for public - Natural England

Progress on England's Coast Path with more miles set to open in the spring.

Coastal footpath in Dorset, image: Natural EnglandCoastal footpath in Dorset, image: Natural England

Work is now underway to open up half of England’s coastline as part of wider government plans to complete a path around the whole of the English coast.

The announcement by Rural Minister Rory Stewart marks the latest milestone in the delivery of one of the world’s longest walkways. The England Coast Path will stretch out across 2700 miles of stunning walking routes covering 100% of the country.

Already families can explore 101 miles of our spectacular coastline via the England Coast Path in Cumbria, Durham, Dorset and Norfolk, with a further 95 miles of new routes set to open in Kent and Somerset in the spring. We are working closely with Natural England to build on the progress already made, with the aim of completing the coastal path around England by 2020.  Work to open up or improve access along our coast is also underway around the country with work recently started in Essex, Devon, Hampshire, Lincolnshire and Lancashire, and Natural England, which is coordinating the development of these routes, will be continually opening up new paths over the next five years.  The new routes will also improve public access to our coastline, beaches and foreshore, with existing coastal footpaths used where possible, or in some cases moved nearer the sea so walkers have a better opportunity to properly enjoy our coastal views and beaches.

The England Coast Path will be a well way-marked National Trail around the whole of the English coast, passing through some of our country’s finest and iconic landscapes such as the White Cliffs of Dover, St Bees Head, and the sunny beaches of the South West, together with picture postcard villages and the cities that plot our colourful maritime history.


Charities back strengthening deer management measures in Land Reform Bill - Scottish Wildlife Trust

A group of environmental charities are supporting the call by an SNP member of the Rural Affairs, Climate Change and Environment Committee, Michael Russell MSP, for deer management in Scotland to be tightened up through the Land Reform Bill.

In some areas of Scotland, high deer numbers are causing damage to internationally important habitats, ancient woodlands and peat bogs. Under the current system, the management of deer numbers by landowners is mainly voluntary. The Rural Affairs, Climate Change and Environment Committee believe this is not tackling the issue and have urged the Scottish Government to consider strengthening the approach to deer management. 

With the backing of the Scottish Wildlife Trust, RSPB Scotland, Cairngorms Campaign, Ramblers Scotland, John Muir Trust and Woodland Trust Scotland, Michael Russell MSP has suggested changes to the Land Reform Bill. The amendments call for giving SNH more powers to ensure that deer populations are better controlled by deer management groups to protect the public interest.

Mike Russell MSP said: “Recent information from SNH confirms that the voluntary system of deer management is not working.   It requires considerable legislative strengthening if it is to be an effective way of controlling the ever increasing number of deer across Scotland which in some places is threatening biodiversity and the existence of commercial forestry.  In some cases the decision to allow that to happen is taken by owners for entirely selfish purposes but in others it is the result of many years of failed management by competing interests.  The Land Reform Bill contains some provisions on deer management but they do not, in my view, go far enough and I am therefore grateful for the help of Scottish Wildlife Trust, RSPB Scotland and others in formulating some initial amendments to start to find an effective way to tackle this serious and growing problem.”


New £228K bog restoration project launches at Dove Stone - RSPB

The RSPB has launched a major new blanket bog restoration project at Dove Stone in the Peak District after securing a grant of more than £228,000 from landfill tax charity WREN.

Helicopter at Dove Stone (image: Jon Bird, RSPB)Helicopter at Dove Stone (image: Jon Bird, RSPB)

Blanket bog is a globally scarce habitat, which plays an important role in storing carbon, improving water quality and giving wildlife a home.  The upland areas of the Peak District used to boast thriving blanket bogs but a combination of industrial pollution, wildfires and heavy grazing, left them seriously damaged with large areas of exposed bare peat.  Restoring blanket bogs involves re-covering bare peat with vegetation, repairing eroded gullies and planting sphagnum moss, the essential building block of the bog.

Over the past five years, staff and volunteers from the RSPB have already restored vegetation to large areas of bare peat and repaired gullies at Dove Stone, which it co-manages with landowner United Utilities.  This work will continue with the Spreading the Mosses project, which involves planting over 70,000 individual handfuls of sphagnum moss across a 100 hectares of moorland (around 150 football pitches) with the help of a team of volunteers.

Healthy bogs can provide great benefits both for people and wildlife. As they gradually recover, they’ll help tackle climate change by locking up harmful carbon, improve water quality by acting as a natural filtration system and help threatened moorland birds including curlews, golden plovers and dunlins.


Dismay at fly-tipping incidents on nature reserves - Devon Wildlife Trust

A wildlife charity has expressed its shock and dismay at incidents of fly-tipping at two of its most beautiful Devon nature reserves.

The two separate incidents both took place at Devon Wildlife Trust reserves over the New Year holidays. The first was at the charity’s popular Warleigh Point nature reserve, near Plymouth, while the other took place at the other end of the county at its Bystock Pools nature reserve, close to Exmouth. The incidents involved the dumping of domestic rubbish and building waste.

Speaking for the charity Steve Hussey said:  “We spend more than half a million pounds each year keeping our 50 nature reserves as places in which wildlife can flourish and people can enjoy. So it is sad to see the scenes at Warleigh Point and Bystock Pools.  Dumped material is off-putting and can even be dangerous for the hundreds of visitors these sites attract. Taking a walk on one of our nature reserve is one of life’s great free pleasures, it shouldn’t be spoiled by a few selfish people.  Fly-tipping also costs us money, time and effort that we can scarcely afford.”


Thames Water fined £1 million for pollution to Grand Union Canal - Environment Agency

Thames Water Utilities Limited (Thames Water) has been ordered to pay record-breaking £1 million after polluting a canal in Hertfordshire.  

This is the highest ever fine for a water company in a prosecution brought by the Environment Agency.

The case was brought by the Environment Agency after Thames Water caused repeated discharges of polluting matter from Tring STW (Sewage Treatment Works) to enter the Wendover Arm of the Grand Union Canal in Hertfordshire between July 2012 and April 2013.

In May Thames Water pleaded guilty before Watford Magistrates Court to two charges under the Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) Regulations 2010. On Monday 4 January, at St Albans Crown Court the company was ordered to pay a fine of £1 million, costs of £18,113.08 and a victim surcharge of £120.

Explaining why the fine was so large, HHJ Bright QC stated that: " The time has now come for the courts to make clear that very large organisations such as [Thames Water] really must bring about the reforms and improvements for which they say they are striving because if they do not the sentences passed upon them for environmental offences will be sufficiently severe to have a significant impact on their finances."


News from Today (Wednesday 6/1):

Thousands of pink bottles washed up on the Cornish coast - National Trust

On Monday January 4 2016, thousands of bright pink detergent bottles have been washed up on Poldhu beach on the Lizard Peninsula, part of the West Cornwall coastline cared for by the National Trust.

Pink bottles on Poldhu beach in Cornwall (image: National Trust)Pink bottles on Poldhu beach in Cornwall (image: National Trust)

Justin Whitehouse, National Trust Lead Ranger on the Lizard Peninsula, said: ‘We were alerted to the bottles on Monday  and started collecting them straight away, with the aid of our staff and volunteers including those from the Friends of Poldhu Community Group, to remove them from the coastal environment as quickly as possible. We are urging people to not to pick up any bottles without using protective gloves, to keep animals away, and to avoid swimming or walking in the area until any risk from the detergent to human or animal health has been assessed.  More than two tonnes worth of bottles have been collected so far, however there is potential for more of the bottles to spread further up and down the coast. Samples of bottles have been submitted for independent analysis and are waiting for the results, as our immediate concern is any impact on the environment and wildlife.  We have been in contact with potential manufacturers of the bottles about the clean-up and will be investigating the source of where the bottles have come from.’


Shooting groups unite to condemn the law breakers - Moorland Association

Leading shooting representatives have urged Defra to introduce new checks allowing the police to trace inland shoots that are believed to be breaking lead ammunition laws.

Countryside organisations have condemned inland shoots that are breaking the law by using lead shot for wildfowl, and have appealed to the Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs to help identify and prosecute those responsible.

Representatives from eight groups, including BASC, the Moorland Association and Countryside Alliance, signed a letter to Secretary of State Elizabeth Truss.

The letter acknowledges that while almost all coastal wildfowlers are in compliance, there is evidence that some inland shoots are still ignoring the law concerning lead ammunition, despite the risk of a £1,000 fine and criminal conviction.

Read the full letter here. 


Millions of people across the UK connect with nature and their local Wildlife Trust - Berks, Bucks & Oxon Wildlife Trust 

The Wildlife Trusts’ Annual Review 2014-2015 shows that wherever you are in the UK there is a Wildlife Trust caring for wildlife and wild places near you. The 47 Wildlife Trusts give millions of people a chance to connect with nature, be inspired to value wildlife and to take action for it.

The Wildlife Trusts’ Annual Review 2014-2015 published in December outlines the impacts of the Wildlife Trusts. These include:

  • 98,000 hectares of land cared for by Wildlife Trusts
  • 43,000 volunteers contributed 1.2 million hours
  • 8.1 million people visited the Wildlife Trusts' 2,300 reserves
  • 395,000 people attended 12,000 events including walks and talks
  • 224,000 people in school, college and other groups visited nature reserves and education centres
  • more than 800,000 members of Wildlife Trusts
  • 2,100 staff working in 47 Wildlife Trusts

The Wildlife Trusts champion and care for wild places and wildlife on land and sea. We look after more than 98,000 hectares of woods, meadows, beaches, rivers, hills, bogs and urban parks. We also campaign for the protection of our seas and run marine conservation projects around the coast.

We provide expert advice to others - farmers, schools, businesses and local councils - to help them manage their land for the benefit of wildlife. We collaborate and work in partnership with a wide range of different people from local communities to national environmental and social organisations, to create change for nature.

Download The Wildlife Trusts’ Annual Review 2014-2015.


Public asked to help as storms wash up rare turtles - Dorset Wildlife Trust

Dorset Wildlife Trust (DWT) is asking members of the public to report sightings of any turtles washed up on Dorset beaches as a matter of urgency following the discovery of four turtles in just nine days, including the rare Kemp’s Ridley Turtle.

Washed-up Kemp’s Ridley Turtle © Julie Hatcher (via Dorset Wildlife Trust)Washed-up Kemp’s Ridley Turtle © Julie Hatcher (via Dorset Wildlife Trust)

On 23rd December a live Loggerhead Turtle was found near Worth Matravers in Dorset, which had to be put to sleep due to its injuries.  Since then, 3 critically endangered Kemp’s Ridley Turtles, the rarest of all Turtles, have been found dead by beach walkers at West Bay, West Bexington and Kimmeridge.

Winter storms have been tough of wildlife living in the sea

DWT Marine Awareness Officer, Julie Hatcher said, “The winter storms have been tough on wildlife living in the sea. Hard-shelled Turtles live in tropical seas, but if they get picked up in a strong ocean current such as the gulf stream, and end up in cold northern waters they can’t survive for long because their metabolism slows down and they stop feeding.  The public can help by reporting any sightings, alive or dead, so we can arrange a rescue, or recovery and post mortem to help us learn more about the threats to these animals in our oceans.”  

Please report any Turtle sightings asap

To report sightings of Turtles dead or alive, please phone Rod Penrose on 01239 683033 (24 hours) as soon as possible. For other sightings phone 01929 481044 or email kimmeridge@dorsetwildlifetrust.org.uk.  You can also share your photos with DWT on social media via facebook/dorsetwildlife or Twitter, @DorsetWildlife.


A day for flooding news

Confor and Woodland Trust call for meeting on floods - Confor

CONFOR and The Woodland Trust have written a joint letter to the Secretary of State for the Environment to highlight the long-term opportunities for tree-planting to help reduce the threat of floods.

The letter to Elizabeth Truss MP - from Confor Chief Executive Stuart Goodall and The Woodland Trust CEO Beccy Speight - recognises that the immediate priority is to support people affected by the devastating floods.

The two organisations stress that they want to "help shape the UK's long-term approach to the problem of flooding". The letter continues: "Tree planting can contribute to reducing peak flows as part of a package of measures to reduce the threat of flooding - as well as improving water quality."

Stuart Goodall said: "The terrible floods have demonstrated that Government has to look at more than just flood defences. We need to hold rainwater in the hills so that the peak flow of water is reduced, helping flood defences to do their job. Planting productive forests manages water flow, while also helping wildlife, providing alternative income for farmers and locking up carbon." 

In March 2015, Confor and Forest Research published T​he Role of Productive Woodlands in Water Management, ​a detailed report which demonstrates how productive woodlands can reduce flood risk and protect British waterways. 

Confor and The Woodland Trust joined forces in November to call on the government to commit to planting planting 7000 hectares (ha) of woodland every year until 2020 (around 15 million trees per year) and then to increase that to 10,000 ha per year when the next Government is elected in 2020.  


The Inconvenient Truth by Dr Tony Whitbread, CEO Sussex Wildlife Trust

Building houses in floodplains is nonsensical says Dr Tony Whitbread Chief Executive of the Sussex Wildlife Trust.  He is also concerned that the simplistic messages often promoted on social media that flooding equals lack of dredging is causing upset and confusion with bizarre claims that rivers are being left un-dredged to protect wildlife. 

In fact, the opposite is the case, as careful management of river catchments reduces flood risk downstream with the added bonus of encouraging a rich and varied wildlife.   

Dr Whitbread said, ‘How we manage river valleys can increase, or reduce, the flood risk to people living downstream.  Building hard flood defences, concreting land, woodland removal and river dredging upstream increases flood risk.   But, allowing flood plains to flood, and then slowly releasing water afterwards, reduces the height of a river in flood when we experience huge amounts or persistent rainfall.  Water has to go somewhere; if we defend or dredge one area then the water will just go somewhere else.  If we prevent flood plains from flooding (there’s a clue in the name!) then water will move to the next weak point, often an urban area.’  

He continued, ‘In Sussex, there are now many examples of landowners doing woodland planting, washland creation and river re-naturalisation to reduce flood risk and benefit wildlife.  What is needed is good government policy and financial packages to enable it to happen on a large scale.  There is a place for dredging and hard defences but within a far more sophisticated approach to managing the whole catchment.

Read the whole article


The science behind flooding - CEH

On Wednesday 7 January four scientists from the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH) gave an hour-long background briefing on the science behind flooding. This wasn’t a news briefing, there was no new data or report published on the day, it was simply an opportunity for journalists to question flood science experts. At the start of the briefing Professor Alan Jenkins who is Director, Water and Pollution Science and Deputy Director of CEH introduced a number of key hydrological principles to get the discussion going. This blog post outlines the key points made at the start of the briefing. A subsequent post will cover the long discussion during the briefing covering the effectiveness of Natural Flood Management techniques such as tree planting, creation of woody debris dams and changes to upland management practices.

Professor Jenkins started by saying, “The introduction won't take very long, and this is not meant to be controversial, these are a few statements that we're happy to take questions on, and I'm sure there will be a lot of questions about them, but they're really here to stimulate. And they're really to give some perhaps rather bold statements about where hydrological science is on the current flooding issues.  The Centre for Ecology & Hydrology is probably the largest hydrological research centre in the UK, we have a very long CV in floods research. So we're here to try to establish some of the hydrological issues and facts that we see around the flooding problems that we've had recently, and perhaps going further back.”

He went on to outline several key points on flood science.


Beautiful Scotland - Flourishing At 50 - Keep Scotland Beautiful

Keep Scotland Beautiful is calling for groups from across the country to register to take part in either Beautiful Scotland or It's Your Neighbourhood - as it celebrates 50 years of community growing. 

Local volunteers and entire communities are being urged to come together to clean up and ‘green up’ the areas in which they live, work and play - and be recognised for their tireless efforts in improving their own villages, towns and cities. 

Beautiful Scotland and It’s Your Neighbourhood are managed by Keep Scotland Beautiful and linked to the Royal Horticultural Society Britain in Bloom campaign. The campaigns have, for many years, supported and celebrated the achievements of communities throughout Scotland in their continuous work to improve local environmental quality, and Beautiful Scotland is celebrating 50 years of success in 2016. 

The campaigns focus on year round horticultural and gardening achievements, environmental responsibility and community participation, with recognition being given for exemplar work in areas such as tourism, biodiversity and sustainability.


Out-of-print forestry publications made available on line - Forestry Commission 

Out-of-print Forestry Commission technical publications are being brought back to life and made available again in an on-line archive.

Since its establishment almost 100 years ago, the Forestry Commission has produced a large number of informative publications on a wide range of forestry-related subjects, creating a substantial library over the decades.

Although many of the key texts have been revised over the years, with contemporary editions available in print and/or on line, most of the older titles are now out of print. However, as Roger Coppock, Head of Corporate and Forestry Support at the commission, explained: “Much of this older material is still valuable and in demand by students, researchers and professionals across the forestry and related sectors at home and abroad, but apart from a few hard copies in libraries, it is inaccessible.  So to meet this demand for access to our out-of-print publications in a cost-effective way, we have converted all our technical publications to digital formats, and filed them in an on-line archive available to all.”

About 400 titles have been digitised, and will be uploaded in batches over the coming year. The first 11 titles uploaded are Handbooks, and these will be followed by Technical Papers, Journals of the Forestry Commission, Bulletins, Booklets, Field Books and Annual Reports.

The archived publications can be accessed free of charge at www.forestry.gov.uk/publications, by selecting ‘Archive’ from the Category menu.


Scientific Publications

Morgane Nouvian, Lucie Hotier, Charles Claudianos, Martin Giurfa & Judith Reinhard. Appetitive floral odours prevent aggression in honeybees.  Nature Communications  doi:10.1038/ncomms10247


 Eran Amichai, Gaddi Blumrosen, Yossi Yovel Calling louder and longer: how bats use biosonar under severe acoustic interference from other bats. Proceedings of the Royal Society: biological sciences.

Published 23 December 2015.DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2015.2064


Malcolm Hunter Jr., Martin Westgate, Philip Barton, Aram Calhoun, Jennifer Pierson, Ayesha Tulloch, Maria Beger, Cristina Branquinho, Tim Caro, John Gross, Jani Heino, Peter Lane, Catherine Longo, Kathy Martin, William H. McDowell, Camille Mellin, Hanna Salo, David Lindenmayer, Two roles for ecological surrogacy: Indicator surrogates and management surrogates, Ecological Indicators, Volume 63, April 2016, Pages 121-125, ISSN 1470-160X, doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.11.049.


Soons, M. B., Brochet, A.-L., Kleyheeg, E. and Green, A. J. (2015), Seed dispersal by dabbling ducks: an overlooked dispersal pathway for a broad spectrum of plant species. J Ecol. Accepted Author Manuscript. doi:10.1111/1365-2745.12531


G. Roca, T. Alcoverro, D. Krause-Jensen, T.J.S. Balsby, M.M. van Katwijk, N. Marbà, R. Santos, R. Arthur, O. Mascaró, Y. Fernández-Torquemada, M. Pérez, C.M. Duarte, J. Romero, Response of seagrass indicators to shifts in environmental stressors: A global review and management synthesis, Ecological Indicators, Volume 63, April 2016, Pages 310-323, ISSN 1470-160X, DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.12.007.


Ali Muhammad Ali Rushdi, Ahmad Kamal Hassan, An exposition of system reliability analysis with an ecological perspective, Ecological Indicators, Volume 63, April 2016, Pages 282-295, ISSN 1470-160X, DOI: /10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.11.050.


Davis, M. L., Stephens, P. A. and Kjellander, P. (2016), Beyond climate envelope projections: Roe deer survival and environmental change. The Journal of Wildlife Management. doi: 10.1002/jwmg.1029


Newton, Adrian Christopher. Biodiversity risks of adopting resilience as a policy goal.  Conservation Letters DOI: 10.1111/conl.12227


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