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A round up of the top countryside, conservation, wildlife and forestry stories as chosen by the CJS Team.


RSB launches poll to find the UK’s favourite insect - Royal Society of Biology

Insects are vital for human life on earth but they are often overlooked. The Royal Society of Biology has launched a poll to discover the UK’s favourite insect.

Insect poll gallery 

Insect poll gallery from RBS

There are over 20,000 insect species found in the UK. Ecologists came up with a list of 10 of their favourite UK species and now the Society wants to know what the rest of the UK thinks.

The 10 insects to choose from are: seven-spot ladybird, garden tiger moth, small tortoiseshell butterfly, black garden ant, buff-tailed bumblebee, large bee-fly, marmalade hoverfly, green shieldbug, stag beetle and emperor dragonfly.

Find out a bit more about the insects and cast your vote


Trust calls on tree planting army to replace millions of ash trees across the countryside - Woodland Trust

Studies by the Woodland Trust suggest the impact of ash dieback on 12 million trees outside of woods could prove disastrous both for wildlife and our cherished landscapes, with the charity launching a new initiative encouraging people to plant trees specifically in areas badly affected by the tree disease.

Tree canopy including diseased ash at Woodland Trust's Pound Farm, Suffolk. Image credit: WTML/David McHughTree canopy including diseased ash at Woodland Trust's Pound Farm, Suffolk. Image credit: WTML/David McHugh

By mapping 280 million trees across England and Wales, the Trust has been able to compare different scenarios when ash trees are lost within woodlands and in the wider countryside. Initial indications suggest that even minimal tree loss from hedgerows and field margins would have a huge impact on the connectivity of the landscape.

The Trust is providing 1,000 subsidised ‘Disease recovery packs’ of trees specifically to be planted in  hedgerows, verges, along field edges and watersides in the wider landscape, as a pilot in five English counties badly affected by ash dieback; Norfolk, Suffolk, Kent, East Sussex and Northumberland. The new tree packs contain 45 trees from a mix of five native species and come with tailored advice on planting, which will differ according to the type and condition of the landscape being planted into.

Austin Brady, Woodland Trust director of conservation, said: “Hedgerows cover tens of thousands of kilometres of the country, providing essential wildlife corridors which link our ever more fragmented habitats. We want to ensure hedgerows remain connected and individual trees outside of woods remain in the landscape, which is why we need to work in collaboration with landowners across the UK.”

 Find out more and request your Disease Recovery Packs. 


60th anniversary poll shows clear support for Green Belt - CPRE

CPRE launches campaign calling on Government to turn rhetoric into action and protect Green Belt.  On the 60th anniversary of Green Belt becoming government policy, a poll commissioned by the Campaign to Protect Rural England (CPRE) finds that nearly two-thirds of people surveyed believe that Green Belt land should not be built on.

The Ipsos MORI poll, published today, shows that 64% of people agree the Green Belt should be protected, while just 17% disagree. Such strong support for Green Belt is demonstrated across a range of different groups, including people with children aged 5 and under, those renting from a local authority, and those on low incomes. And more than six out of ten people (62%) who live in towns and cities support the protection of the Green Belt – a finding that casts doubt on the claims of critics that Green Belts do not benefit people who live in urban areas.

The anniversary poll comes just weeks after the Government re-emphasised its support for Green Belt protection at the launch of its Productivity Plan. But despite this support and existing protections, local communities have repeatedly found themselves fighting proposals to build on Green Belt land. CPRE research shows that 226,000 houses are currently planned for Green Belt land.

In response to this threat, CPRE is launching a new campaign, Our Green Belt, which calls on the Government to:

  • be more specific on the limited circumstances in which Green Belt boundaries can be changed through local plans;
  • call in or direct local authorities to refuse damaging developments in the Green Belt that are not identified in existing local or neighbourhood plans; and
  • target public funding, through organisations such as Natural England and Local Enterprise Partnerships, to increase the quality of and access to Green Belt.


Long Live the Little Tern! - RSPB

Wildlife conservationists studying rare little terns nesting on Chesil Beach have discovered that two of the nesting colony residents are now fifteen and sixteen years old, and during their annual African migrations have notched up over 100,000km each.  The discovery was made during the fitting of new colour rings to the Chesil Little terns in conjunction with the EU LIFE Little Tern Project.Little tern (Image: Graham Catley, RSPB) 

Little tern (Image: Graham Catley, RSPB)

Thalassa McMurdo Hamilton, Little Tern Project Officer said ; “Steve Hales, a local bird ringer, carried out the colour ringing with Luke Phillips of RSPB. Steve has had a long association with metal ringing little tern chicks at Chesil in the past. As the ringing got underway  we noticed some of the adults were glinting silver on their legs – they already had a metal ring on – and luckily, we managed to catch a few of these. We excitedly wrote down the ring number and Steve went home to check the BTO records to see how old they were. A few hours later Steve revealed, incredibly, that he had ringed these birds at Chesil Beach in 1999 and 2000 – making these adults 15 and 16 years old!”  

Steve Hales said “Handling a bird which I had ringed as a week-old chick on the same beach sixteen years ago was very rewarding. It emphasised just what an age some of our smaller seabirds can reach. The next three years of colour ringing the little terns under the EU LIFE partnership will hopefully produce other exciting discoveries.”  


Ecology Dogs lend a helping nose to look for water voles! - Herts and Middlesex Wildlife Trust

A sniffer dog has been helping the Trust to monitor water vole activity in Thorley Wash Nature Reserve.

Following the reintroduction of water voles to the site in June, the Trust have been working in conjunction with Essex Wildlife Trust and Ecology Dogs to monitor the water vole activity at Thorley Wash Nature Reserve.

Image: Stig at work in Thorley Wash (Herts and Middlesex Wildlife Trust)image: Stig at work in Thorley Wash (Herts and Middlesex Wildlife Trust)

Springer spaniel Stig, a former police sniffer dog, has been specially trained to search for signs of water voles. Stig is the only water vole detection dog in the world and is trained to give a passive indication of the water vole latrines.

By using Stig's nose as well as more traditional monitoring methods, the Trust is able to get a full spectrum of monitoring results. Stig is able to reach areas along the river bank that would be very difficult for humans to get to. 

Ali Charnick, Stig's trainer at Ecology Dogs, said: “I am immensely proud of Stig's work today. He has worked hard in really difficult terrain and found evidence of water voles we would have otherwise not have found.”  

Initial results from this and other monitoring suggest that the reintroduction has been succesful and that the water voles have moved beyond their release areas. 


Breeding waders on the brink in Northern Ireland - RSPB

Image: Steve RoundIn a single generation the populations of lapwing, curlew, snipe and redshank in Northern Ireland have declined so drastically that they are now in danger of being lost from our countryside forever.

Image: Steve Round

A new study into how breeding waders are faring here has just been released and the facts and figures confirm what we already knew - urgent conservation action is needed if we’re to save these species.

The report, led by RSPB NI senior conservation scientist Kendrew Colhoun, is based on the findings of intensive surveys carried out across the country in 2013.

In short, it shows that breeding populations of eurasian curlew, northern lapwing and common snipe have declined dramatically since 1987 and the distributions of all species surveyed are becoming increasingly fragmented and restricted towards the western counties of Tyrone and Fermanagh.


New insect species found in Scotland – Scottish Natural Heritage

An insect species has been found for the first time in the British Isles.

Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH) staff discovered a fly, Okeniella caudata, in the Glen Clova area of the Cairngorms in July this year. This species has been previously associated with the high arctic and Scandinavian tundra.

Okeniella caudata joins a small group of specialised insects that survive only on Scotland’s highest mountains. They are relics of the post-glacial past, and although they’ve just been discovered, as with other mountain species, they are vulnerable to climate change.

Iain MacGowan, one of the SNH staff to discover the insect, said: “It was quite a surprise to find several specimens, both males and females, at an altitude of over 850 metres. These creatures and their ancestors have probably been living there since the last ice age, but have remained undiscovered partly due to the remote location of these areas and partly due to the short time which they live as adults. They aren’t of high risk of extinction right now, but if the climate warms these insects will be among the first to disappear.”


Urgent call for volunteers to survey England’s disappearing coastal archaeology – Heritage Lottery Fund

Pill box disappearing in to the sea on the Isle of Sheppey Credit: CITiZANPill box disappearing in to the sea on the Isle of Sheppey Credit: CITiZAN

Thousands of archaeological sites along England’s coast and tidal estuaries are being destroyed by extreme weather, rising sea levels and tidal scour.

CITiZAN, the Coastal and Intertidal Zone Archaeological Network, is the first national community-led project to tackle the alarming threat to our heritage. Today, CITiZAN is calling for an army of volunteers to help survey and monitor these nationally-important but vulnerable archaeological sites before they disappear.

One of the largest community archaeology projects in the country, taking in 5,600 miles of coastline over 500 miles of tidal foreshore, CITiZAN runs free community-based training, building a network of volunteers with the skills and systems needed to survey and monitor threatened sites. Armed with tape measures, buckets and mobile phones, volunteers create standardised records of exposed archaeological sites.


Safe haven created for native species on Leeds stream – Environment Agency

Natural techniques have been used to create crayfish habitat.

Willow spiling protects banks from erosion (Environment Agency)Willow spiling protects banks from erosion (Environment Agency)

A safe haven for a protected native species has been created using natural engineering techniques.

The Environment Agency and Yorkshire Wildlife Trust have worked in partnership to stabilise the banks of a stream in Leeds and build refuges for the native white-clawed crayfish, using willow spiling.

The area has an established population of native white-clawed crayfish, but was identified as in need of possible habitat improvement because there were many eroded banks with very little vegetation or suitable areas for the crayfish to burrow into.

Eroding riverbanks can cause problems for crayfish habitats because the eroded sediment can cause siltation and pollution of the stream blocking potential refuges for the crayfish and altering the quality of the water. A bank that is eroding is also unstable and unsuitable habitat for crayfish as it will not give adequate protection against fast flowing water.

Up to 100 metres of willow spiling and bundling has been built along the stream. The technique used for the willow spiling involves weaving willow between stakes on the bank to form a strong willow wall. Live willow was used so that it will root and grow creating a strong hedge that protects the bank from further erosion and provide habitat for crayfish.


Free mobile phone app will help monitor UK’s grasshoppers and crickets – Centre for Ecology & Hydrology

‘iRecord Grasshoppers’ a free mobile phone app to help monitor the UK’s grasshoppers, crickets, earwigs, stick insects and cockroaches, is launched today (5 August).

The new app will enable people to contribute to the Grasshopper Recording Scheme whose results have already shown the dramatic geographical expansion of two bush-cricket species, the Long-winged Conehead and Roesel’s Bush-cricket.

Since its launch in 1968 thousands of people have already contributed to the Grasshopper Recording Scheme and with assistance from the public records from the new app will support the study and conservation of grasshoppers and crickets.

Björn Beckmann from the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology who helped create the app said, "Many species of grasshopper and cricket have been declining, but others have expanded their distributions and some have even newly arrived. The Grasshopper Recording Scheme maps and analyses distributions to see how species are responding to changes in land use and climate. This work would not be possible without the help of people reporting where they find a species. We hope the launch of the app will make this easier."


Hen harrier breeding season set to be most successful for 5 years - Natural England

Figures from the 2015 hen harrier breeding season show it is on track to be the most successful year since 2010.

Despite poor weather throughout the breeding season, there are 6 successful harrier nests fledging 18 new chicks. An additional seventh nest - which was close to fledging young - unfortunately failed late in the season, due to natural causes.  Hen harriers remain the most endangered breeding birds in England. News of this year’s successful nests follows the disappearance of 5 male hen harriers, which resulted in the failure of their nests.

Rob Cooke, Natural England’s Director of Terrestrial Biodiversity, said:  "6 nests is a small number, but it is actually more than we have seen in total over the past 3 years – which is a significant and positive step forward. Obviously we need to see many more pairs of these iconic birds nesting successfully and we are actively looking at how we and our partners can build on this positive outcome in the future."

The nests range across the north of England, in Northumberland, Lancashire, County Durham and two in north western England. Dedicated staff from Natural England, Forestry Commission, RSPB and the Moorland Association have worked tirelessly with volunteer raptor workers, landowners and their staff to help bring about these results.  Fledged chicks are being fitted with satellite tags by the RSPB EU funded hen harrier LIFE+ project and by Natural England, and their progress closely monitored. Satellite tag technology is improving rapidly and these latest tags will provide even more detailed information on how birds move around the landscape and the factors which currently limit the population.


Whilst in Scotland:

Weather dampens prospects for Hen Harriers at Langholm Moor - Scottish Land and Estates 

After a fantastic year for Hen Harrier breeding at Langholm in 2014 with  47 chicks fledged from 12 nests, it is not looking so good this year.    The project scientists have recently revealed that in 2015, eight females nested but only six nests got away producing 17 young.  The culprit seems to have been cold wet weather and it has been a similar story for many Harrier nesting attempts around Scotland this year, and for many other bird species.


Leading countryside organisations say hen harriers need plan for recovery - The Moorland Association

The British Association for Shooting and Conservation, CLA, Countryside Alliance, Game & Wildlife Conservation Trust, The National Gamekeepers’ Organisation, and the Moorland Association all want to see more hen harriers nesting in England and are calling for Defra to implement a plan for their recovery across England.

A series of events has been planned across the country to raise awareness of the low breeding success of hen harriers in England.

Amanda Anderson, director of the Moorland Association, speaking for the group of organisations said: “All of the organisations welcome the spotlight on harriers and we condemn wildlife crime. Everyone needs to keep building on this year’s improvement to springboard a wider recovery. Severely cold and wet weather has been awful for all wildlife trying to breed on the moors this year leading to a lack of prey. Early in the season, male harriers did not return to nests causing females to abandon eggs in search of food. Nesting attempts later in spring did better, but one nest of chicks was eaten by stoats while another brood was found dead at the nest just days after satellite tagging. Six nesting attempts, of which only one was successful, were all in a very small area of Bowland managed for red grouse.  There is a draft six-point, Defra-led Joint Recovery Plan which we wish to see published and implemented. This would offer a mechanism to guarantee chick safety and spread the nests to avoid a colony forming in one location. Not only would this reduce the impact on ground nesting birds on which they prey, especially red grouse, but also protect against local dangers, like poor weather and predation. If implemented, the plan would see the growth of a sustainable population of hen harriers across their former English range, without jeopardising driven grouse shooting or the environmental, social and economic benefits it delivers.” 


Great British Bee Count results: Schools top of the class - Friends of the Earth

School grounds and gardens proved to be the most bee-friendly habitats for spotting bees during the Great British Bee Count 2015 – highlighting their importance for Britain’s under-threat pollinators - results published today (6/8/15) reveal.

Over six thousand people participated in the Great British Bee Count 2015, which took place during the month of May, recording 104,290 individual bees. Analysis of the bee count recordings reveal that:

  • School grounds were the habitat where most bees per sighting were recorded, with on average almost 11 bees (10.7) recorded. Woodlands (8.59) were next most numerous habitat.
  • Gardens provided the greatest variety of bees, with almost a quarter of people (22.43%) recording four or more different kinds of bees per count in these habitats. They were followed by allotments (17.6%), farmland (10.24%) and the countryside (9.74 %). 
  • The most common bees spotted were white-tailed bumblebees, with almost half (49%) of those taking part recording this type of bee, which includes garden and buff-tailed bumblebees. Honeybees (48.6 %) were the second most numerous species reported.
  • Cotoneaster, a genus of flowering plants in the rose family, was a firm favourite for bees in May, proving to be more than four times more popular than the next most popular plant reported.
  • Most bees were spotted in the South of England (23,997), followed by London (14,098) and East of England (10,052).

Commenting on the results, Friends of the Earth Bee Campaigner Paul de Zylva said: “We’re delighted that thousands of people took part in this year’s bee count, which will provide valuable information about how they are faring across the UK.  The results highlight the importance of school grounds and gardens to Britain’s bees. We can all play our part by turning local spaces into bee-friendly havens. But Government and local councils must to do more to protect these crucial and under-threat insects, that provide such a crucial pollination service for farmers and gardeners.”

Adding a photo of a bee was a new feature of the count this year, and over 4,800 images were submitted. Paul Hetherington of Buglife said: “Uploading photos of your bees enables sightings to be verified by experts adding to the scientific data available on bee distribution and perhaps even identifying new sites for some of our rarer bees as the pictures are checked against the key characteristics of the over 250 species known in the UK”.


Florally transmitted diseases (FTDs): a newly discovered threat to bee communities. - Bumblebee Conservation Trust

New research led by award winning scientist Dr Peter Graystock at the University of Leeds, in collaboration with Professor William Hughes and Professor Dave Goulson of the University of Sussex, shows that diseased bees deposit parasites on to the flowers they visit. These parasites can then infect healthy bees visiting the same flowers, or be transported by an unsusceptible bee species to other flowers to reach their host species.

In a neatly designed experiment, the researchers allowed bumblebees from hives infected with three different bumblebee diseases to forage on a patch of flowers in a flight cage for a period of 3 hours before removing them from the cage. They then released disease-free honey bees into the cage and allowed them to forage for a further 3 hours on the same flowers, as well as a patch of uncontaminated flowers which were brought in at the same time. Immediately afterwards, the shared flower patch, the honeybee only flower patch and the honey bees were all screened for the bumblebee parasites with alarming results. All three of the parasites were detected on the shared flowers, while two out of three were detected on the flowers which only the honeybees had access to, as well as inside the honeybee colonies.

The experiment was repeated using honeybees from hives infected with two honeybee diseases and disease-free bumblebees and yielded similarly worrying results. Both parasites were found on the shared flowers, as well as on the flowers which only bumblebees had access to, and one of the two parasites was detected inside the bumblebee colony.

These results suggest that flowers play an important role in the transmission of diseases between bees.

Lucy Rothstein CEO of the Bumblebee Conservation Trust said: “We are very pleased to be working with Dr Graystock and his collaborators on this area of work.  The Bumblebee Conservation Trust is very concerned about the spread of disease from imported bumblebees, which are used to pollinate soft fruit grown commercially in greenhouses across much of the south of England.  These new findings show how easily parasites can spread, and highlights to us the importance of making sure all imported bumblebees are properly screened to ensure they are disease and parasite free. At the moment screening imported bumblebees for diseases and parasites is not properly regulated. This is something we would like to see changed."

Access the paper: Peter Graystock, Dave Goulson, William O. H. Hughes.  Parasites in bloom: flowers aid dispersal and transmission of pollinator parasites within and between bee species. Royal Society Proceedings B DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2015.1371


First flight of wild young cranes in West Country for 400 years - WWT

Wildlife conservationists are celebrating this week after young wild cranes took to the air in the West Country for the first time in four centuries. And it’s a double celebration, with successful crane families in both Somerset and Gloucestershire.

Wild young crane in Somerset (c) John CrispinWild young crane in Somerset (c) John Crispin

The young cranes’ existence has been kept secret since they hatched in May in order to protect the families from being disturbed, but it can now be confirmed that one has been raised at WWT Slimbridge Wetland Centre in Gloucestershire and a pair on farmland on the Somerset Levels.

Now the young cranes can fly they are less vulnerable to their natural predators and are likely to travel away from the nests with their parents.

It’s a significant step for the Great Crane Project, which has been reintroducing cranes to the West Country since 2009. This is the first time that cranes from the project have successfully reared chicks.

This year has seen around a dozen pairs of the young reintroduced birds take up territories across the South West with eight of these going on to make breeding attempts – two of which have ended in successfully fledged young. It takes 100 days from freshly laid eggs to free-flying cranes and breeding attempts often end before the 100 days are up as there are many dangers along the way. 


Vote now open to find UK’s favourite coastal sound - Issued on behalf of the National Trust, National Trust for Scotland and British Library 

Whether it’s the sound of waves rolling on to golden sands, seagulls crying from the clifftops or children playing on the beach, the National Trust, National Trust for Scotland and the British Library are on a mission to discover the UK’s favourite coastal sound, as part of a three month crowd sourced sound project, sounds of our shores. 

At its mid-way point, nearly 400 sounds have already been uploaded by the public to the British Library website, receiving an incredible 25,000 listens. 

From the amazing range of sounds already uploaded, 10 of the most evocative have been selected for a public vote.  The online poll opens today (6/8/15) and closes at midnight on Thursday 27 August. 

Cheryl Tipp, Curator of Wildlife and Environment Sounds at the British Library, who helped to curate the list of ten sounds, said: “In just six weeks we’ve had some brilliant recordings which show just how diverse the sounds of the coast really are. “We want to showcase some of the best sounds while encouraging more people to get involved, especially over the summer holiday period. The poll will help us identify what people find so special about the coast; what sounds can truly transport them there and are so important to them.   At the end of the project all of the sounds that appear on the map will then be added to the British Library’s Sound Archive, where they will join more than 6.5 million sounds dating back to the birth of recorded sound in the 19th century.”

 The sounds that the public are being asked to vote for are:

1.    Children playing, Brean Sands, Somerset

2.    Dredging for oysters, Brightlingsea, Essex

3.    Ferries in the fog, River Mersey, Merseyside

4.    Ghost train ride, Brighton, West Sussex

5.    Kittiwakes, Northumberland

6.    Raft race, Mumbles, South Wales

7.    Seagulls, Monreith, Scotland

8.    Seals calling and snorting, Rathlin Island, Northern Ireland

9.    ‘Singing’ Sands, Eigg, Scottish Hebrides

10.  Waves breaking on the beach, Trwyn Llanbedrog, Wales 

All of these sounds will be added to the British Library Sound Archive – creating a snapshot of the beautiful and diverse UK coastline that future generations will be able to hear.   

To vote and get involved in the project visit www.nationaltrust.org.uk/coastal-sounds and share your own favourite coastal sounds on social media using the hashtag #shoresounds. 

The results of the poll will be announced on Friday 4 September.


Cooperation helping hen harriers in Scotland - Scottish Natural Heritage

The Partnership for Action Against Wildlife Crime Scotland (PAW Scotland) ‘Heads Up for Harriers’ project has recorded some notable successes in its first full season, with a total of twelve young birds fledging from three successful nests  A further three nests failed, two as a result of bad weather and another due to fox predation.  Members of the public have been providing lots of sightings, and several estates have been working closely with PAW Scotland.  All of this is adding to the understanding of the distribution of harriers and why nests fail.  Hen harrier nest camera picture 2, via SNH

Hen harrier nest camera picture 2, via SNH

Wendy Mattingley, coordinator of the records coming in from the public, and member of Tayside Raptor Study Group, commented: “It has been really encouraging to receive a wealth of records from observers visiting the islands and upland areas of Scotland and from local residents taking a genuine interest in the plight of the hen harrier. An important result of the project has been the interest shown by some to become more involved in monitoring raptors on a regular basis. Another positive came from contact by one land manager which has led to him working with the local Raptor Study Group and there are plans to erect raptor nest boxes for future breeding seasons.  A big thank you to everyone so far for their observations and for the excellent co-operation with the Raptor Study Groups. Also many thanks to BTO’s BirdTrack for their continuing support in regularly passing on sightings of hen harriers from around Scotland.”

Hen harriers are now one of Britain’s rarest birds of prey, but still with a relative stronghold on Scotland’s heaths and bogs. Illegal persecution, land use changes resulting in loss of nesting habitat and feeding range, and predation of eggs and young by foxes, crows and other predators have all contributed to the hen harrier’s current situation.

By working with estates to install nest cameras, the Heads Up for Harriers project is gathering evidence of the impact that these different factors on the survival of young birds, with a view to building a better understanding of why nests fail.  We can use this information to direct resources, where appropriate, to improve the conservation status of hen harriers in Scotland.


Reports of non-native salmon in North East waters - Environment Agency

Anglers are being asked to report any sightings or catches of Pink Salmon.

The Environment Agency is urging anglers to get in touch with information after reports a non-native salmon species was spotted in the North East.

Officers received information that unusual fish had been caught – one by an angler on the River Tyne near Wylam and another two by licensed netsmen the coast of South Shields.

After examination, it’s believed the fish are Pink Salmon – Oncorhynchus gorbuscha – a native of the North Pacific basin and its surrounding rivers.

Environment Agency officers are investigating and are asking anglers to report any unusual salmon catches or sightings to them.

The Environment Agency’s Richard Jenkins said: "This is quite an unusual find in our waters and we’re keen anglers know we’re aware of the sightings and we’re investigating. I’d urge them to contact us if they see any non-native salmon in the waters, with a date, location and if possible a photograph, which would really help us identify them and build up a picture of where they are. At this stage we don’t think there’s likely to be a major impact on wild fish stocks."


Scientific Publications

Moreno-Mateos, David, Meli, Paula, Vara-Rodríguez, María Isabel, & Aronson, James. Ecosystem response to interventions: lessons from restored and created wetland ecosystems. Journal of Applied Ecology DOI  - 10.1111/1365-2664.12518

Liebeke, M. et al (2015) Unique metabolites protect earthworms against plant polyphenols. Nature Communications. doi:10.1038/ncomms8869


Pilakouta, N., Richardson, J. & Smiseth, P. T. (2015) State-dependent cooperation in burying beetles: parents adjust their contribution towards care based on both their own and their partner's size. Journal of Evolutionary Biology. DOI: 10.1111/jeb.12712


Zhaoa, Q. et al (2015) A review of methodologies and success indicators for coastal wetland restoration. Ecological Indicators. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.07.003


Guo, Tian, Smith, Jordan, Leung, Yu-Fai, Seekamp, Erin & Moore, Roger. Determinants of Responsible Hiking Behavior: Results from a Stated Choice Experiment. Environmental Management DOI: 10.1007/s00267-015-0513-1


Poodat, Fatemeh, Arrowsmith, Colin, Fraser, David & Gordon, Ascelin Prioritizing Urban Habitats for Connectivity Conservation: Integrating Centrality and Ecological Metrics. Environmental Management DOI: 10.1007/s00267-015-0520-2



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